Broiler Feeding System - Poultry Farming Strategies of Layers and Broilers
星期一, 25 2月 2019 07:03

Analysis of the causes of chicken cold

Cooling is one of the main causes of chicken sickness. There are many cold spots. It is not only the temperature control level or the ventilation of the chickens, but the factors that can cause the chickens to be cold are as follows.


1. During the brooding, the water line is too low, the water pressure is too large, the chicks are drilled into the water cup, the nipple leaks, causing the chicken feathers to be wet; the spray equipment is damaged, the nozzle dripping seriously or the spraying time is long, causing the chicken feathers to be wet.

2. Improper humidification method, only pay attention to humidification, does not consider the temperature of the flock, when the flock performance temperature is low, humidification with a humidifying tube will make the flock cold.

3. The chicken house is not tightly sealed, causing side windows, sewage outlets, chicken outlets, water curtains, exhaust fan outlets, etc., resulting in thief winds, so that the chickens in this area are cold due to low temperatures.

4. After the wind enters the chicken poultry farming equipment from the air inlet, there are obstacles blocking during the pre-warming process, causing the breeze to rebound, and the chickens are swollen.

5. The temperature control is unreasonable; the cooling rate is faster, especially in the cold season, which makes the chicken's cold is more common.

6. Only rely on the temperature indicated by the thermometer, but the chicken's physiological behavior is not taken seriously, resulting in the chickens being cold.

For broiler breeding, most farmers now use broiler cages for breeding. The use of broiler chicken cages to raise chickens is more conducive to the management of the chickens by the farmers, and it is also more conducive to the rapid growth of the chickens. However, if the farmers do not use scientific and reasonable breeding methods to raise chickens, it will be difficult for the chickens to grow well. Today, I will give a detailed account of several key breeding points that farmers should pay attention to when using broiler cages to raise chickens.

1. Group the chickens

When the three-dimensional broiler cages are used to raise chickens, they usually use whole sports chicks. When the density of chicks is too large, group them in a timely manner to ensure that the weight of the chicks is even. The first grouping is usually 12-16 days old. The grouping is too early. It is easy to drill through the gaps in the growing cage, and it will cause a waste of space and energy. The second grouping, at 25-28 days of age, this time grouping should place the heavier healthy parts in the lower layer, leaving the weak young. In summer, because the temperature is too high, grouping can be carried out in advance. In winter, the temperature is cold and the temperature difference between the upper and lower cages is large. You can appropriately delay the time of cage division, and put one more in the lower cage to reduce the temperature difference between the upper and lower cages.

2. Control of temperature

When the temperature outside the chicken house is lower, the temperature difference between each layer is greater. Under normal circumstances, brooding are placed on the highest level, because the highest level has a higher temperature, which is conducive to saving heat. On the first day the chicks enter the farm, the temperature should be controlled at 33-34°C, which can also be adjusted according to the state of the chicks. When the temperature is right, the chickens are evenly distributed, lively, and have a strong appetite. When the temperature becomes low, shrink the neck and bow back and concentrate on the heat source. Squeezing each other, their bodies tremble. When the temperature is too high, water consumption increases, appetite decreases, breathing speeds up, and there is water in neck feathers. In the first week, the temperature dropped to 30°C, and then dropped by 2°C every week thereafter. The use of chicken cages to raise chickens has a high density, which is 1 to 2°C lower than the normal temperature. It is necessary to avoid the phenomenon of heat stress in the flock that causes a decrease in feed intake.

3. Disinfect the chicken house

   The chicken house should be thoroughly cleaned and disinfected 5 days before the chicks are put into the house. Here, the farmers need to pay attention to avoid using caustic soda and other corrosive disinfectants for disinfection. After the chicks are in the house, the ground is cleaned every day, and the chickens are disinfected every other day.

4. Drinking water for chickens

   After the chicks are placed in the house, it is necessary to ensure that they can drink clean and sanitary water within 2 hours. For the first time the chicks drink water, use warm water at 25°C, add 5% glucose and 0.1% vitamin C to the water, and rinse the drinking fountain frequently. Drinking water should not be interrupted throughout the brooding period. From the second day of brooding, add drugs to prevent pullorum in the drinking water.

The above is the summary to the farmers today, in the process of using broiler feeding cages to raise chickens in Uganda, the main points for the management of chicken flocks. I hope that through today's description, farmers can pay more attention to these points in their future breeding work.

星期三, 26 12月 2018 06:45

What are the advantages of broiler cages?

Experiments show that the technical advantage of commercial broiler cages is significantly better than the flat to raise. Not only can increase the number of breeding, improve production performance, save production costs, bring significant economic benefits to farmers, but also save land resources, reduce environmental pollution, improve product quality, and create huge social benefits.

 

In recent years, a more advanced broiler breeding model, broiler cages, is quietly emerging. What advantages does broiler cages have?

 

The advantages of broiler cages are:

 

1. High level of automation: automatic feeding, drinking water, decontamination, wet curtain cooling, centralized management, automatic control, energy saving, reduced labor costs, greatly improving the breeding efficiency of farmers.


2. chicken flock prevention, effective prevention of infectious diseases: chickens do not touch the feces, can make the chickens grow stronger, provide a clean and warm growing environment for the chickens, the chickens are healthy and balanced.


3. Compared with the flat raise, the density of the stock is increased by more than 3 times, the utilization rate of the surface area of ??the house is improved, and the land can be saved.


4. Saving feed: meat cages increase the growth rate and feed conversion rate, chickens are kept in cages, the amount of exercise is reduced, energy consumption is less, and waste materials are reduced. According to the experiment, cage cultivation can effectively save more than 25% of the cost of farming. The ratio of feed to meat in net or flat chicken is generally between 1.75 and 1.8:1, while the ratio of caged meat to meat is at least 1.61:1 and the highest is 1.7:1.


5. Reduce the cost of medicines, at the same time can effectively control the occurrence of the disease, because the chicken does not touch the feces, and the use of closed houses, isolated from the outside, reduce the spread of disease; indoor comfortable environment is also suitable for the healthy growth of chicken.


6. Save time: It is convenient for breeding users to manage livestock and poultry, saving more time to deal with other things; using a fully enclosed and fully automated farming mode, two people can manage a chicken house with 3-4 million chickens, which is very economical. Artificial.

Therefore, on the whole, the advantages of cage farming benefit are more and more obvious. In the previous model of land raising and net broiler chicken, the profit of broiler farming was less and less, and many large-scale farming or group with funds, even small-scale Farmers have changed their own chicken houses into cages to further increase the scale and land utilization rate, and improve the breeding efficiency through scale effect.

The efficient breeding of broilers can not be separated from the rich chicken breeding experience of broiler farmers, but also can not be separated from the scientific use of broiler breeding techniques, and the efficient feeding of broilers is an important guarantee for the success of broiler breeding.

Insist on the advanced breeding method to leave the ground chicken, can be raised on a net bed. The nets are raised flatly, and the meshes are of a moderate size, so that chicken eyes can't leak through the mesh, and chicken droppings can be leaked. You can make or purchase a commercially available plastic net bed. As a result of leaving the ground, the pathogen has lost a breeding hotbed and can effectively control the occurrence and spread of chicken coccidiosis and ferret disease. The implementation of off-site feeding is mainly used to prevent ground infection, convenient and feasible, and strong operability.

星期二, 15 1月 2019 02:06

Advantages of broiler cage equipment

The use of broiler cage equipment is common in many large and medium-sized chicken farms. Except for some farms that are used to free-range, most chicken farms choose to use broiler cage equipment as a device for raising chickens. The broiler cage manufacturers said that the use of broiler cage equipment can collect and manage chickens, save energy, and effectively reduce the incidence of poultry diseases. Let's talk about the advantages of broiler cage equipment.

 

1. High degree of automation: automatic feeding, drinking water, clearing dung, wet curtain cooling, centralized management, automatic control, saving energy, improving labor productivity, reducing the cost of artificial breeding, and greatly improving the breeding efficiency of farmers.

 

 

 

2. The flock is well-prevented and effective in preventing infectious diseases: chickens do not touch the feces, which can make the chickens grow healthier and provide a clean and comfortable growing environment for the chickens.

 

3. Save space and increase stocking density: The cage density is more than 3 times higher than the flattening density.

 

4. Saving farmed feed: caged chickens can save a large amount of farmed feed, chickens are kept in cages, the amount of exercise is reduced, energy consumption is small, and waste materials are reduced. The data show that cage farming can effectively save more than 25% of farming costs.

 

5. Rugged and durable: The caged broiler complete set of equipment uses hot dip galvanizing process, corrosion resistance, aging resistance, and the service life can be as long as 15~20 years.

Layer cage manufacturers talk about every stage in the process of broiler breeding, and the later breeding of broilers also needs attention. The growth rate and survival rate of broilers in the later period are directly related to the economic benefits of the farmers, so the fattening work of broilers in the later period must be paid attention to to reduce the mortality of the flock.

 

 

 

1. Ensure proper temperature: When raising broilers in the late stage, the breeder should pay attention to the temperature of the chicken house not to be set too high. The proper temperature is that the chickens are evenly evacuated, the body stretches, and some chickens open their mouths to breathe as an indication, and leave. Near the heat source, the breathing rate is too fast, mostly caused by the high indoor temperature, adjust the temperature in time. In summer, the temperature is too high and the feed intake of chickens cannot increase. Therefore, a suitable temperature can ensure the best conversion function of the feed. In summer, the focus is on heatstroke prevention and cooling. Adequate ventilation: In the later stage, the chicken house is mainly ventilated to improve the small environment in the house and ensure sufficient oxygen circulation to ensure the normal metabolism of the chicken body and the absorption of nutrients. When ventilating, avoid cool breeze blowing directly on the chicken body. Relying on the water curtain to cool down in summer is not very stressful for the chickens that gradually adapt to the wind speed, but the existence of the wind speed will more or less affect the chicken's mobility.

 


2. Ensure reasonable light management: light work is a very important task in chicken breeding. Farmers know that broiler chickens have a short growth cycle and high feed remuneration. For farmers, excessive weight gain is feed intake. Speed, especially light, is directly related to feed intake, so farmers must control the light in the chicken coop during the later stage of broiler breeding.

 


3. Pay more attention to the flock of chickens: When the flocks are resting at night, the farmers can observe the flocks frequently, listen to the breathing of the chickens, whether there are snoring, hiccups, or sneezing. If you have the above symptoms, you should think of the respiratory tract. Disease, observe whether there are respiratory symptoms, walk slowly in the chicken coop and listen after turning off the light for about half an hour.

 


4. Choose reasonable disinfection drugs in broiler cages : Disinfection with chickens is a must to ensure the health of the chicken coop and flocks. When choosing disinfection drugs, farmers are advised to choose a broad-spectrum, efficient, strong, non-toxic and harmless , Low-irritating and non-corrosive disinfection drugs, and disinfect according to scientific and reasonable steps to avoid disinfection errors that affect the health of the chickens.

 


5. The correct method for disinfection of chickens: When disinfecting, the farmers first prepare the liquid medicine in the disinfection container, start the disinfection from one end of the chicken coop, and walk towards the other end while spraying. The spray nozzle should be upward to make the sprayed liquid drop slowly like a mist. The ground, walls, cages, and ceilings should be sprayed with liquid liquid, and the action should be gentle. Do not disinfect the chickens to prevent the chickens from breathing. To drugs that cause diseases of the respiratory tract.

 


6.  the late-stage medication should be prescribed to the symptoms: in the later stage of raising broilers, the late-stage medication is the stage where the drug cost of the whole batch of chickens rises the fastest, so the medication must be stable and accurate at this stage, and do not blindly administer the medication. In the later stage of administration, you must prescribe the right medicine on the premise of a clear diagnosis. If you miss the best treatment opportunity, the flock may lose control, which is very likely to cause disastrous consequences.

How to raise broilers for moving chicken sheds? With the occurrence of irresistible factors from time to time, the use of the original fixed chicken house is often prone to significant economic losses. In order to avoid the limitations of the fixed chicken house, mobile chicken sheds have emerged in recent years. This kind of house construction can not only To meet the needs of farmers breeding chickens, the key to it can make up for the lack of fixed chicken house, easy to move.

The so-called mobile chicken shed is actually an easy-to-remove, easy-to-move hut built with bamboo, wood, and thin-film materials. The construction of the shed can be made on the spot: a bamboo or wood strip is used to build a length of 8 meters, a width of 1.2 meters, and a height of 2.2. The frame of the rice, with a door in the middle, a door with a width of 0.8 meters (without leaving windows on both sides), and using an old nylon net or fishnet to enclose and fix it around and at the top and covered with a thick black film. The floor of the chicken shed is laid with bamboo or branches at centimeter intervals, and then the bottom is raised with a brick to a height of 10-15 cm, and the moving chicken shed can be put into use. Each chicken shed should be placed on a grassy slope that is sheltered from the wind, has a flat surface, and does not accumulate water. It is best to use woods or orchards. Grasses are planted and sprinkled with sand.

星期五, 22 6月 2018 02:13

The Breeding Density of Broilers

Farming baby chickens for baroilers adopts a combination of whole-house brooding and upper cage brooding. The number of broods per cage is only 25, and there is no problem of crowding. The rearing density of caged broiler chickens is related to the season. The summer stocking density is low, and the winter stocking density can be appropriately increased. Generally, 8-9 pigs are fed in each cage.

Under the conditions of adopting ground litter and keeping the animals online, chickens should be divided into several small groups within the house. The number of chickens per group should be between 200 and 300. When divided into groups, they should be weighed according to their size, physical strength, and public health. The mother carries on, the individual characteristic in each small group must be basically similar. The characteristics of individuals in the group are similar, which is conducive to the even development of the group and helps to increase the survival rate of the chicks.