Chicken Farming Information for Chicken Breeds

Nowadays, there are more and more chicken farms using farming equipment. Because the use of automatic poultry farm equipment price in ghana can reduce labor and increase the economic income of farmers, then we ca n’t just use unmaintained equipment, which will shorten the life of the farming equipment. So how should we maintain the breeding equipment?

 

 

First of all, in order to ensure the service life of the equipment, users are required to regularly fill the transmission box transmission sprocket and gears with lubricating oil when they are used once a month; Lubricate the manure system and the central egg delivery system. Clean the egg transfer roller and the surface of the manure roller in time to prevent the accumulation of debris to swell the manure belt or break the roller shaft.

 

 

 


Farmers should timely clean up the impurities in the soft and broken egg collection trays in the farm. The ventilation system should be adjusted appropriately for side wall ventilation and roof ventilation according to the season. The laying hens of the lighting bulbs should always be kept clean, and the maintenance of layer chicken cages price in nigeria should not affect the light intensity.

 

 

The dung cleaning system of the layered laying hen cages has a unique structure. A vertical decontamination belt is set under each layer of chicken cages, so that the chicken dung of each layer of chickens will be scattered on the decontamination belt. Under the action of vertical flowing air, most of the water in the chicken faeces Outside the house, the water content of chicken manure is greatly reduced. When the manure is cleaned, because the manure removal belt is flat and smooth, the chicken manure removed from the house is granular. Such chicken manure can be sold directly to farmers or processed into compound fertilizers, which not only improves economic efficiency, but also avoids Environmental pollution. The chicken manure has been air-dried in layers in the house without fermentation, and each time it is cleaned up, the ammonia concentration in the house is extremely low, and the air in the house is fresh. Reduced incidence of disease.

Raising chickens is something that every chicken-and-hobby friend wants to do in cage system poultry house in kenya. The complexity of raising chickens is not so complicated, but it is still simple to ask the farmers to be more careful on weekdays. Let's take a look at how to raise chickens? What do you need to do most?

 

 

The air quality of the chicken house directly affects the health of the chickens, especially ammonia smell, carbon monoxide, etc., timely replacement of litter, timely cleaning of chicken manure, disinfection, poor air quality directly leads to one of the most important factors inducing chicken respiratory disease, if timely Improving air quality and reducing respiratory diseases saves farmers a lot of money. The temperature of the house is not only depends on the thermometer. If the chickens are piled together, the temperature is low. If a large group of mouths breathe, the increase in the amount of water indicates that the temperature of the house is high. The air is dry in autumn and winter, and there is too much dust on the ground. It is easy to cause respiratory diseases in poultry. The occurrence of this can be done on the ground, because the lighting required by the flocks at each stage is different, so it depends on the situation.

 

 

 


The daily mental state of the flock determines the state of health, the feathers are neat and clean, the feathers are shiny; the abdomen is soft; there are no bleeding marks in the umbilicus, the flocks are lively and active, the eyes are big and the feet are strong; the sound is loud and brittle; Full, struggling. Observe the status of the flock in advance through the feces. The healthy feces of the chickens are strips and piles. If the feces are too dry or too thin, it proves that the chickens have gone wrong. At this time, both feed and disease should be considered.

 

Observe the casualties of the flock in battery cage system for layers price in india, which is the case of the weak chicks. The weak chicks should be singled out for treatment. The casualties are planed to see what symptoms and then prevent and treat them.

 

Ventilation in the house is a daily and important thing, and now the chicken factory is a closed chicken house, so the farmers will use some ventilation chicken automated poultry equipment in nigeria to properly ventilate the chicken house, the chicken The harmful gases from the house are discharged, so that the flocks can breathe fresh air. How should the house be properly ventilated?

 


First, to ensure the tightness of the house: the premise of using the equipment for effective ventilation is that the tightness of the house is better, because only the closed house can use the equipment to let fresh air enter the house. Therefore, this requires farmers to pay attention to the inspection of the tightness of the house, for the poorly sealed house, to find the place where the air leakage is serious, especially the front and rear doors, the slab and the water curtain In other places, in addition to the high temperature period, the vertical ventilation system is mainly used, and the wet curtain cooling system is used.

 

 

 

Second, to ensure the matching of the chicken group demand and ventilation in the chicken house: the farmers will choose to use the chicken equipment fan equipment for equipment ventilation, and then use negative pressure ventilation to improve the wind speed inside the house and ensure the ventilation effect. When using longitudinal ventilation (especially when using a wet curtain), close the small windows of the house. If you open the small window, the wind speed will be unevenly distributed.

 

Third, the use of air inlets and water curtains should be matched with the fan: the number of fans and wet curtains for chicken equipment should match the house to obtain good ventilation and cooling effect. The size of the air inlet should be matched with the fan, the purpose is to make the chicken The ventilation is even and effective, and the static pressure inside the house is appropriate.

 

Fourth, create a suitable somatosensory temperature: farmers should pay attention to whether the ventilation management of the house is effective, whether the chicken is comfortable, not only the temperature displayed by the thermometer and the thermostat, must be judged according to the somatosensory temperature of the chicken and the performance of the flock : So farmers can go to the type H of bettery cage system to observe the flock and see how their mental state.

 

It is relatively simple to breed broiler chickens, but it is also difficult to breed broiler chickens in the coming summer. In order to help the farmers to safely cross the summer during the summer breeding process and improve the breeding efficiency, the following broiler breeding equipment manufacturers will give Farmers talk about some ways to raise broilers in the summer.

 

1. Strengthen the ventilation inside the chicken house and reduce the temperature of the automatic poultry farming equipment

In the summer season, the temperature in the house is relatively high. In order to enable the flock to have a good growth environment, it is necessary to control the temperature in the house and take appropriate measures to help the house to cool down. Conditional farmers can install some cooling equipment in the house to assist in cooling.

 

2. Ensure that the chickens drink cool and healthy water

In the summer season, the water required for the chicken body will increase. This requires the farmer to ensure that the drinking water is sufficient when feeding the chickens, and on the other hand, to ensure that the water source is healthy and non-polluting. In the summer season, it is best for the farmers to drink cool water for the chickens, which can help the chicken body to cool down.

 

 

 

 

3. Adjust the time for feeding the chicken

As the temperature in the summer season continues to increase, the feed intake of the birds will also decrease. In order to ensure that the chicken diet can normalize and improve the feed conversion rate, farmers need to adjust the time of the chicken diet. You can choose to let the chickens eat in the evening or in the cool morning, which can improve the diet of the chickens and thus improve the diet. Feed conversion rate.

 

4. Prevent the occurrence of coccidiosis in chickens

The high temperatures in summer will breed some bacteria, causing coccidiosis in chickens. Farmers need to pay more attention to the process of breeding to prevent some anticoccidial drugs in the feed to prevent the occurrence of coccidiosis in chickens. Also need to pay attention to the replacement of broiler litter to ensure the dry and sterile of the battery cage for chickens.

 

If the chicken farm does not clean the chicken manure in the chicken battery cages in time, the odor in the broiler equipment will be very serious, and it will affect the living environment of the chicken. Seriously, it will cause the chicken to become sick and affect the economic benefits. So what should we do?

 

 

 

 

 

1 padding deodorization

The sulphur is mixed into the litter to make the pH of the litter less than 7, which can inhibit the generation and emission of ammonia in the feces, reduce the ammonia content in the air of the house, and reduce the odor of ammonia. The specific method is to mix into the litter according to the amount of 0.5 kg of sulfur per square meter of ground, paving the ground.

 

2 ground odor

Sprinkle a layer of superphosphate on the ground in the house. The superphosphate reacts with the ammonia gas produced in the chicken manure to form an odorless solid ammonium phosphate salt, which can reduce the emission of ammonia in the feces of the house and reduce the odor of the house. The specific method is to evenly spray 350 grams of superphosphate on the ground of every 50 chickens.

 

3 air odor

The odor in the air is adsorbed by a substance having adsorption such as charcoal, activated carbon, cinder, or quicklime. The method is to use the net bag to load the charcoal and suspend it in the chicken house or properly sprinkle some activated carbon, cinder, lime, etc. on the ground, and the odor in the air can be eliminated to different extents.

 

The above is how to deal with the odor in the air of broiler breeding equipment. I hope that can help the chickens to better raise their chickens, and they clean up the chicken farm equipment in time to give the chicken a good environment.

Thursday, 31 October 2019 08:09

Characteristics of laying hens for laying hens

With the continuous development of the aquaculture industry, the current farms use fully automatic poultry farming equipment to raise chickens, such as chicken cages, septic equipment, feeding equipment, etc. Chicken manure is produced every day, so the chicken house is clear. The manure should be treated in time, and the use of laying hen equipment to raise chickens not only does not require manual decontamination, but also does not require manual feeding. The manure in the house is cleaned and there is a manure machine, and the laying hen is fed with a feeding machine. Here are some of the features of the feeding machine for laying hens.

 

 

 

 


Layer equipment loading machine features:

 

1. The traveling power system of the feeding machine is driven by the advanced cycloidal pinwheel reducer motor. There is no damage during the driving process, the probability of failure is low, and its service life is relatively long, and the operation is relatively stable, and the noise is relatively low. small.

2. The walking system of the feeding machine is driven by chain and sprocket, which has better anti-vibration effect and corrosion resistance. The guide rails are laid with square steel, which is relatively stable in walking and increases the contact area, which can prevent slippage and save energy.

3. The frame of the feeding machine is made of steel and welded. The structure is reasonable, the bearing capacity is large, and deformation is not easy.

4. Its distribution system uses Zhengtai Electric, which uses limit switches. It can automatically stop when the end of walking. Manufacturers can also design various electrical control systems according to different needs of users.

5. The feeding system of the feeding machine adopts the core technology design and is equipped with a refiner to ensure uniform feeding.

6. The lifting system adopts flat conveyor and vertical conveyor. The farmers can control the feeding through the control system switch, thus ensuring the accuracy of cutting, and also saving the farmers and improving work efficiency.

The above is about the characteristics of the feeding machine in the laying equipment for the farmers. When feeding with the Chicken Breeding Equipment, the first thing to do is to choose the chicken feed, hoping to help the farmers.

 

 

The optimal environmental temperature for laying hens is 15℃ ~ 25℃, and the production performance is the best in this temperature range. However, since the beginning of summer, due to heat stress, mosquito bites and other factors, the feed intake has decreased, which has a great impact on the egg laying rate. Therefore, when raising laying hens in summer, in order to ensure high and stable production of laying hens, the following is the key.

 

 

The first is to reduce the temperature of the chicken battery cages . The temperature at noon in summer is relatively high, especially when the chicken is in the coop, the activity intensity is relatively small. When the temperature exceeds 32℃, the chicken flock is easy to suffer heatstroke. Therefore, effective prevention and control measures should be taken in time. First, ventilation and cooling work should be done to prevent the occurrence of heat stress in the chicken. Ventilate and cool down. Open windows and doors as much as possible to speed up the air circulation in the chicken coop. If necessary, install ventilation fans on the top or doors and windows of the chicken coop to increase the air convection between the chicken coop and the outside world and reduce the temperature of the chicken coop. However, it is necessary to avoid direct sunlight from windows, doors and ventilation holes to the chickens. It is better to plant trees and green around the chicken coops to ensure the freshness and freshness of the air.

 

Sprinkle cold water on the top of the hen house every hot noon to reduce the temperature of the hen house. Under the condition of poor natural ventilation, water spray is used to cool the chicken body and the chicken coop directly at noon and afternoon every day, and water spray is used to absorb the heat of the chicken coop. The water curtain can be made at the door and window of the chicken coop when conditions permit, and air can enter the chicken coop through the water curtain to lower the temperature inside the chicken coop by 5℃ ~ 6℃.

 

 

 

 

 

Due to the high temperature in summer, the intake of chickens decreases. In order to maintain high and stable production of laying hens, the concentration of feed must be changed to meet the normal physiological needs of laying hens and the nutritional needs of production. During the high temperature season of energy feed, the feed intake of laying hens is lower than usual. Therefore, the consumption of grain energy feed should be adjusted and 0.5% ~ 1.5% oil should be added appropriately to improve the energy intake and utilization rate. Increasing the hot summer days of protein feed will reduce the feed intake of chickens. Only by increasing the protein level in the feed and ensuring the amino acid balance can the demand for protein in the breeding equipment be met, and the egg laying rate will not be affected due to insufficient protein caused by reduced feed intake.

 

 


Due to the high temperature in summer, chickens drink a lot of water, resulting in thin feces, which ferment quickly in the chicken house, producing a large amount of heat and toxic gases such as hydrogen sulfide and ammonia. In addition, the abundance of mosquitoes and flies can also bite chickens and spread epidemics. Therefore, it is also very important to do a good job in environmental sanitation and poultry farming cage equipment. Clean the water line of chicken coop regularly.

 

Any breeding factory is of vital importance to the prevention and control of epidemic diseases in any season. Only by controlling the occurrence of epidemic diseases and ensuring the health of chickens can the high and stable yield of chickens be guaranteed. In summer, the temperature is high and the chicken is weak. Therefore, adjusting the chicken's constitution to the best health state before the high temperature season is the prerequisite for safe and stable hot summer.

 

Friday, 25 October 2019 06:53

Broiler Breeding Technology in Chicken Farm

More and more farmers are beginning to develop the breeding industry. Large-scale breeding of chickens requires the use of Poultry Rearing Equipment, such as broiler cages, dung removal equipment and feeding equipment. However, in addition to these breeding equipment, if you want to raise chickens well and bring economic benefits to yourself, you still need certain breeding technology. The following are the key points of broiler breeding technology.

 

First of all, large-scale farming requires a farm. We need to know where is the best place for chicken farm construction. The selection of chicken farm site is directly related to the epidemic prevention status and economic benefits of chicken farms. According to the size of the breeding scale and the resource conditions, it is necessary to have a clear view of the convenient transportation of the chicken coop, sufficient water resources and guarantee the power supply. Electricity is required for lighting, water supply, temperature supply, ventilation, etc. in the chicken farm, so the chicken farm requires sufficient power supply. Environmental conditions are good and there is room for development.

 

 

 


Chicken coops are places where chickens live healthily. When building chicken coops, attention should be paid to the performance of heat preservation, heat insulation, ventilation and lighting, moisture prevention, ease of production and operation, disinfection and epidemic prevention, etc. At present, there are many types of buildings in chicken coops, which can be divided into two categories: open type and closed type according to different building structures and performances. Closed henhouse is also called windowless henhouse, because it is relatively closed to the outside world, has the function of temperature isolation and shading, and can adjust and control the internal environment of the henhouse. It has greater advantages than open henhouse, but it has high cost and large infrastructure investment.

 


Broilers for meat are more suitable for high-density feeding, and the feeding amount depends on the effective feeding area of the chicken house and the appropriate feeding density in battery cage for chickens. However, in actual production, the amount of breeding is restricted by many factors. The first is the number of breeders, the second is the feed supply capacity and the source of chickens, and the third is the area of chicken houses. Under the condition that there is no problem with the first two, the feeding amount depends on the area of the chicken coop.

 

There are two types of ventilation in chicken coops: mechanical ventilation and natural ventilation. There are mainly two types of mechanical ventilation in closed chicken coops, namely, horizontal ventilation and vertical ventilation. These are the key points of raising chickens in the poultry house, hoping to help farmers build a suitable chicken farm.

 

Farmers can raise chickens according to their own conditions. Whether they are broiler chickens or laying hens, they need suitable layer battery cage for feeding. If you choose to breed broiler chickens, the environmental management of broilers will become more important, whether it is Equipment for raising chickens, or closed-type chickens have higher environmental requirements. Doing environmental management can better breed broiler chickens. How should broiler culture be managed?

 

 

1. Temperature management of the house: The temperature inside the house will affect the growth speed of the broiler and whether it is strong. Therefore, it is the key for the farmers to control the temperature. Generally, in the case of broiler chickens, the farmers should raise the temperature of the house. In the first 2 weeks, the temperature is preferably 32-35 ° C. The temperature change and the body temperature can not be too different. If it exceeds 8 ° C, it is easy to cause death. Chick body during this periodWeak quality, less feathers, can not rely on its own constant body temperature, must rely on manual control of the ambient temperature. After 2 weeks of age, it is appropriate to reduce the temperature by 3 °C per week. The cooling rate is too fast, the broiler does not adapt, and too slow is not good for feather growth. From 5 weeks of age, maintaining an ambient temperature of 20-25 °C is most beneficial for weight gain and feed remuneration. Broilers pay great attention to temperature control throughout the feeding period.

 

2. Ventilation management of chicken houses: Ventilation of closed chicken houses is generally carried out using broiler culture equipment fans. The growth rate of broilers is very fast, and the number of broilers is high. The carbon dioxide and the ammonia of the manure are many, which easily affects the health of the flocks. The household must adjust the ventilation volume in the house according to the temperature and the growth of the broiler, and remove the harmful gas from the house to allow fresh air to enter the house.

 

 

 

3, chicken house lighting management: the light of the closed house is all light, the purpose of the light work is to extend the feeding time, promote growth speed, light time is generally 23 hours a day, 1 hour dark. Generally, after the second week, the evening intermittent lighting is implemented, that is, the light is fed, and the light is turned off after the feeding. However, be careful to have enough feeding time each time, otherwise it will affect the feed intake and cause uneven growth. The light intensity is slightly stronger in the first three days. It is suitable for 10 lux, so that the young chicks are familiar with the environment, easy to eat and drink, and then reduce the light intensity to the minimum intensity, 2.5-5 lux. Low light can reduce the occurrence of chicken sputum, and the chickens are safe and fattening.

 

4, the humidity management of the chicken house: Generally speaking, in the appropriate temperature range, the ideal relative humidity is 60-65%, and the farmers should pay attention to when the relative humidity in the house is less than 40%, the broiler will Feather growth is poor, and it can cause a large increase in dust in the air, which can easily lead to respiratory diseases.

 


The above is the meticulous management of battery cage for broilers to raise chickens. Only a comfortable and hygienic environment for broilers can better grow broilers and improve the efficiency of farmers.

 

The chicken houses of large-scale farmed chickens poultry farming cage are all about a suitable temperature, space, etc., so that the chickens raised are relatively healthy. Sometimes the ventilation is large, and the temperature of the chickens is rapidly decreasing, which is called cold cold, and ventilation. Small will also cause some trouble to the chicken. The ventilation is correct, the way of entering the wind is wrong, and the flock also produces the respiratory tract. The way is wrong, mainly caused by the wrong amount of air in the unit time.


In fact, the somatosensory temperature of the chicken is related to the temperature of the chicken house. First, the outdoor humidity is too low, and second, the outdoor temperature changes too much. Humidity is an influence indicator of the somatosensory temperature. The humidity does not increase or decrease by 1%, and the temperature of the body feels a temperature difference of 0.2.

 

 

 


The temperature of newborn chicks is between 39.4 °C and 41.1 °C, and the body weight is about 32-42 g. The body surface area is larger than that of body weight. The hair is relatively small, the heat preservation capacity is poor, the feed intake is small, and the energy production capacity is also poor. . If the ambient temperature of the house is not properly controlled, for example, the ambient temperature is lower than the optimum temperature, it can be seen that the chicks eat more and the heat production increases, that is, the metabolic needs of the chicken increase, the feed conversion rate decreases, the oxygen demand increases, and even when severe Lead to the occurrence of disease. On the other hand, if the ambient temperature of the chicken house is higher than the optimum temperature, it can be seen that the chicks eat less material, drink more water, drain loose stools, have insufficient nutrient digestion, accelerate breathing, and have imbalanced metabolism in the body. As the chicks age, the chicks eat more, the body weight increases, the feather coverage increases, the feather insulation capacity and the energy production capacity in the body are continuously enhanced. After the chicks were 28 days old, the feathers began to grow, the body temperature regulation mechanism began to improve, and gradually began to adapt to the external environment.


It is important to note that the appropriate temperature range for broilers in Poultry Rearing Equipment is the effect of receptor weight, ventilation (wind speed), feed intake, relative humidity and ambient temperature. In particular, we must emphasize the temperature of the chicken's body temperature. The humidity in the house is different from the wind speed, and the temperature of the chicken is different. Therefore, the target temperature must be set according to the age (body weight), actual humidity and wind speed of the flock.

 

If you want to raise chickens, then the daily management of the chicken farm is very important. If you have a large number of chickens, you should use Poultry Equipment for Sale to raise chickens, and you must raise chickens and manage the chickens daily.

 


First of all, the mental state of the chicken is directly determined by whether the chicken is healthy. Therefore, by checking the mental state of the flock, it is possible to judge the health of the flock. Whether the mental state of the chicken is normal or not can be judged by three aspects. One is the state in which the chicken is directly reflected, such as whether it is depressed, whether it is dozing off, whether it is getting together or whether it is too excited. In addition, the sound of the chicken, as well as the situation of the chicken drinking water and eating materials, can determine whether the chicken's mental state is normal.

 

 


The main factors affecting the air quality of the house are ammonia, hydrogen sulfide and carbon monoxide. Now entering the winter, the air quality is more prone to problems, which is the point that the chicken farmers should pay attention to every day. To improve air quality, in addition to ventilation, there are ways to clean up the stool and replace the litter in time. In fact, it is not an abnormal thing to have dead chickens in chicken farms. Because of frailty or other various factors, there are very few dead chickens, and chicken farmers do not need to panic. Chicken farmers check dead chickens every day. It is important to understand the cause of death and mortality. Knowing the reasons can take the right response, and mortality is an important indicator for diagnosing chicken disease.

 

Observe the color of the chicken in the layer chicken cages for sale and quickly determine the health of the flock. Once diarrhea or other abnormal feces are found, the chicken farmers should take a response as soon as possible. Check the light, ventilation and other conditions of the house every day. Check the temperature. You should not only look at the thermometer. Also pay attention to whether the actual temperature is consistent with the thermometer. The same is true for checking the humidity. Especially for the chicks, the humidity has a greater impact. The chicken farmers feel and observe the condition of the chickens to judge. If the taste of the chicken house makes you feel uncomfortable, then the chickens will definitely not be able to pull a few, and will not be comfortable. As for lighting, laying hens and broilers have different lighting schemes. Chicken farmers need to check the intensity and uniformity of the light every day to avoid deviations.

The environmental factors in the chicken house are very important for the growth and production performance of the chicken in the chicken cage. In addition to the conditions of temperature and light, the humidity in the house is also a very important indicator of the house environment, and the humidity in the house is generally maintained. At 50-60%, too high humidity will affect the air in the house, and it is easy to breed some bacterial bacteria that cause the chicken to get sick in chicken battery cages .

 


Hazard of excessive humidity:

Excessive humidity in the house causes the decomposition of feces to produce more harmful gases, causing frequent respiratory diseases in the flock. The humid environment is prone to cause coccidiosis, especially on the ground, and the humidity in the hot season is too high, which makes the chicken house hot and humid, and the chickens are prone to heatstroke. The brooding period coincides with the high temperature, which causes the chicks to suffocate and the humidity in the house is high, which is extremely unfavorable to the growth and production performance of the chickens in poultry farm equipment cost in nigeria.

 

 

 


Take measures:

Reasonable selection of the site of the chicken house, it is necessary to choose a place where the terrain is high and dry, which is conducive to drainage, flood control, ventilation, and quiet environment. The house should be built to face the south, in order to facilitate the insulation and moisture. Strengthen ventilation and ventilation, under the premise of moderate insulation, ventilation should be strengthened to avoid the gathering of moisture in the house. Maintain proper breeding density, high stocking density, and crowded chickens are not conducive to moisture protection. In particular, chickens that are raised on the ground should pay attention to this.

 

Prevent water leakage from drinking utensils and find that water leakage from drinking utensils should be sealed or replaced according to specific conditions; timely remove and dry the leaking water on the ground of the chicken house to eliminate the unfavorable factors of water vapor formation. The above is the hazard of excessive humidity in the house, and the measures to prevent moisture. Of course, the humidity is too high, but if the humidity is too low, the chicks will be dehydrated, grow slowly, and will increase the dust content in the air. If the humidity is too Low, spray water can be used to achieve the appropriate humidity.