Chicken Farming Information for Chicken Breeds

Battery cage for broilers


(1) Suitable temperature for laying chickens in laying hen breeding equipment: brooding temperature of egg chicks: 35-33°C for 1-2 days, 33-32°C for 3-7 days, then decrease by 2 to 3°C every week, From 5 to 6 weeks old, about 21 to 18 ℃. Whether the supplied temperature is appropriate, in addition to the thermometer, the behavior of the chicks should also be observed. Chicks are more sensitive to cold and warm, so pay special attention to prevent the temperature from rising and falling, and make every effort to maintain a balanced temperature. When mastering the temperature, the temperature will be higher at night or in rainy or snowy days; during the day, the chicks will be active and the weather will be warmer, and the temperature should be lower; the weak chicks should be higher, and the healthy chicks can be lower.

 

 

 

(2) Humidity suitable for laying chickens in layer breeding equipment: Humidity is closely related to water evaporation, body heat emission and cleanliness of the chicken house.

 

① When the temperature is high and the humidity is low, too much water is lost in the chicken, which may cause the chicks to dehydrate. In addition, due to the dryness caused by the dust in the house, it is easy to induce respiratory diseases.

 

②When the temperature is low and the humidity is high, the house is cold and humid, and the chicks are prone to catch colds, causing litter to be wet, and gastrointestinal diseases and coccidiosis occur.

 

③When the temperature is high and the humidity is low, the heat in the chicks is not easy to radiate normally in poultry farming equipment, stuffiness, decreased appetite, slow growth and weakened resistance.

 

It is better to keep the hen house of laying hen breeding equipment dry to prevent bacterial propagation and infection, but the relative humidity should not be lower than 40%. Appropriate relative humidity: 60% -65% before 10 days old, 50%-60% after 10 days old. When the humidity is insufficient, you can sprinkle water on the corridor, floor, surrounding walls or flue in the house, or you can put a water basin on the heat source to evaporate water vapor to increase the humidity in the house; when the humidity is too high, you can lay a moisture-proof layer on the floor of the chicken house , Appropriately raise the temperature in the chicken house, strengthen ventilation and ventilation, change the litter in the chicken house, remove the wet feces and litter in the house in time, and prevent the drinking fountain from leaking.

 

When using layer chicken cages to raise chickens, humidity is also an important condition for brooding, but chicken farmers generally do not pay enough attention. The humidity in the brooding house is generally expressed in relative humidity. The higher the relative humidity, the more humid the air; the lower the relative humidity, the drier the air.

After the chicks come out of the shell, they enter the brooder house. If the humidity of the air is too low, the moisture in the chicks will be exhaled through breathing, which is not conducive to the absorption of the remaining yolk in the chicks and the growth of the chicks' feathers. Once the chicks have been given a drink, the chicks often develop diarrhea due to too much water.

Appropriate humidity requirement: 60%-65% before 10 days of age, and then reduced to 55%-60%. In the early stage of brooding, due to the dry litter, the house is often hot and low humidity, which is easy to increase the water loss of the chicks, loss of appetite, frequent drinking, dry and brittle fluff, and dry toes.

In addition, too dry can easily lead to dust, causing respiratory and digestive diseases. Therefore, this stage must pay attention to the replenishment of water in the house. You can spray water on the aisle or wall of the house to increase humidity, or place a basin or kettle on the stove to burn water to generate steam to increase the humidity in the house.

After 10 days of age, the chicks developed quickly, gained weight, and their feed intake, water intake, breathing volume, and excretion volume increased with each passing day, and the temperature in the house gradually decreased. Especially in the midsummer and rainy seasons, it is easy to have excessive humidity. The chicks are not well adapted to the humid environment. The low temperature and high humidity in the brooding house will exacerbate the adverse effects on the chicks at low temperatures. The chicks will feel colder and even tremble with cold, at this time susceptible to various respiratory diseases. When the high temperature and high humidity in the brooding house, the water evaporation and heat dissipation of the chicks are hindered, and they feel more sultry and uncomfortable, and the chicks are prone to coccidiosis and aspergillosis.

Therefore, during the period when laying hens cages are used to raise chickens, it is necessary to change the litter frequently and strengthen ventilation. When adding drinking water, prevent water from spilling onto the ground or litter.

In the process of laying chickens in laying hen cages, in order to give better performance to laying hens, in addition to paying attention to daily feeding management, the feeding work is also very important. Whether the nutrition of the feed is balanced is to protect the eggs The key to achieving nutritional standards in chickens, so feeding farmers can’t ignore them. Let’s talk about the four precautions for feeding chickens in several laying hen cages. I hope that farmers can avoid misunderstandings and feed reasonably. Layer chicken flock.

 


1. Don't feed chicken with raw bean cake: protein is a necessary nutrient for laying hens, and bean cake farmers know that it is a good protein nutrition raw material, but raw bean cake contains anti-trypsin, hemagglutinin and other substances. Feeding chicken directly with it will not only reduce the utilization rate of soybean cake, but also hinder the growth and development of chicks and affect the egg production of chickens. The correct way is to cook the raw bean cake to destroy the harmful substances. In this way, the chicken can grow fast and lay more eggs.


2. Don’t overfeed fish meal with fish: animal feed is also a nutrient raw material often added by farmers. Fish meal is an animal raw material rich in high protein and is a necessary substance in feed, but if the farmer gives chickens Feeding more fish meal not only increases the cost, but also makes chickens sick with vomiting. Therefore, when using fishmeal to prepare feed, the dosage must be controlled below 10%, and the chickens must be carefully observed. Once vomiting disease is found, the fishmeal dosage should be adjusted in time.

 

 

 

 

3. Don't feed chickens if the eggshells are not sterilized: the formation of eggshells requires a lot of calcium, so calcium is an indispensable nutrient in the production of laying hens. Similarly, eggshells are also a good calcium- based feed for feeding eggs The shell is easy to absorb, improves egg production rate, and has a good effect on the prevention and treatment of rickets and soft egg production. Therefore, it is very popular with farmers. Most farmers will feed eggs and eggshells for calcium supplementation, but farmers should pay attention to eggshells that are easy to deteriorate and not easy to store for a long time. Therefore, the eggshell must be dried, sterilized and stored properly to receive good results.

 

4. Don't feed raw grains to chickens: Many farmers choose to use raw grains for feeding to laying hens and chickens, but this is wrong. If farmers use raw grains to feed chickens, they will waste food. It can't get good benefits, because chickens have no teeth, the digestive tract is short, and the raw grain is difficult to digest, which can't meet the nutritional needs of the chicken. Chicken feeding is much better.

 

The above is the four "don't" feeding chickens in the process of laying hens in Poultry Equipment for Sale. I hope that farmers can pay attention to the above wrong feeding methods after learning these contents, and scientifically and rationally feed laying hens to improve The economic benefits of farmers.

 


In today's chicken industry, the methods of raising chickens are no longer the same as before. The continuous development of technology has driven the progress of the chicken industry, and chickens are developing towards large-scale and intensive methods. And now chicken farming is no longer an era of full manpower. The emergence of various types of automated chicken farming equipment has allowed farmers to experience the human management equipment and the ease of equipment for chicken farming. The author will talk about the introduction and selection of automatic chicken breeding equipment.

Among the chicken breeding equipment, the automatic chicken breeding equipment mainly includes: automatic manure cleaner, egg picker, feeder and other equipment. It can enable the farmer's chicken house to realize the tedious and time-consuming work such as automatic dung cleaning, feeding and egg picking. Freeing the hands of farmers to give farmers more time to manage chicken flocks, the advantages of using these devices for chicken farming are:

1. It can realize large-scale breeding of chickens by farmers, and the use of these equipments plus the laying cage breeding method can allow farmers to raise tens of thousands of layers. And it can also be easily managed. With a large number of breeding, the economic benefits of the farmers increase a lot.

2. The use of automated equipment can ensure the sanitation of the chicken house. For example, the manure cleaning machine can automatically clean the manure regularly, and timely clean out the manure produced by the chickens, so that the probability of bacteria and ammonia generated by the chicken house is reduced. The chicken coop has a good environment and the chickens grow naturally.

3. Without these automated equipment, farmers need to hire manpower to complete the work of raising chicken manure, feeding, etc. The monthly salary of workers is a large expense. Now with automated equipment, you can reduce the use of these labor and reduce the cost of raising chickens.

4. When raising layer hens and broilers, using cages can facilitate the treatment and management of diseases. Cage keeping allows farmers to treat layer hens when they are sick, and the difficulty of treatment is greatly reduced. And the environmental control of the automatic chicken house is better, and it can also ensure that the layer is in good physical condition.

The above is the introduction and selection of automatic chicken breeding equipment in Pakistan for the author. I believe that after understanding the advantages of the above-mentioned automated chicken breeding equipment, farmers will understand why automated breeding can become the mainstream and trend of the chicken industry. These equipments are a good helper for farmers and ideal for driving farmers' economy.

① Production performance: The higher the production level, the greater the water requirement of the chicken. For example, adult chickens drink more water than chicks; among chickens of the same weight, young chickens develop water deficiency faster than adult chickens; laying hens drink more water than non-laying hens.

② Feed structure: Some feeds such as rye, bran and certain minerals such as table salt can cause chicken loose stools, so the water requirement increases. Excessive protein levels in the diet can increase drinking water. Because too much nitrogen in the chicken must be excreted from the kidney, and the chicken has the worst concentration of urine, it is necessary to increase the drainage to excrete more nitrogen, thereby increasing the water requirement. The increase of crude fiber content in the feed and the increase in the amount of feces in the chicken also increase the water requirement.

③ Ambient temperature: Under the production conditions of broiler cages, due to changes in the ambient temperature, the amount of water consumed by the chicken has changed significantly. High temperature (above 30℃) usually increases the amount of drinking water. When the ambient temperature increases by 1°C, the amount of drinking water can increase by about 7%; when the temperature is low (below 10°C or less), the amount of drinking water decreases. When the temperature of laying hens is increased from below 10℃ to above 30℃, the drinking water volume can be doubled. In addition, the temperature of drinking water can more affect the amount of water consumed by chickens. Chickens like to drink cold water instead of drinking water above ambient temperature, and refuse to drink water above 45℃.

④Water quality: When using broiler cages to raise chickens, chickens have strict requirements on water quality. There are fewer impurities in the water, and the pH is between 6.0-8.5. If there are more impurities in the water, especially when the water contains more soluble minerals, it will cause the chicken's palatability to the water to be reduced, thereby reducing the amount of drinking water. In addition, the use of certain drugs in water can also reduce the amount of water consumed by chickens. Therefore, chickens should be given fresh, cool and clean drinking water.

The summer weather is hot, and the egg production rate will drop, especially after entering the sky, so the farmers need to do the following management to ensure the egg production rate of the laying hens in summer.

Feeding management points

1. Pay attention to the weather forecast, pay attention to the high temperature and high humidity weather, especially after the rain, the higher humidity will cause the wet curtain to cool down and increase the heat stress.

2. Reduce the density of chicken battery cage feeding. Appropriately reduce the number of replenishment, timely eliminate residual, weak, sick chicks, expand the group as early as possible, reduce the stocking density.
 
3. Adjust the feeding time. After 2-4 hours of feeding, the heat production increases, so high temperature weather avoids feeding during high temperature period, and feeding time avoids high temperature period, preferably before 8 am and after 5 pm. Pay attention to the mildew and deterioration of the feed to prevent poisoning or intestinal diseases, daily cleansing and limiting light once.

4. Strengthen night ventilation and cool down. Conducive to the chickens to dissipate the heat during the day, increase feed intake.

5. Adjust the waterline in time to ensure sufficient clean drinking water. In high temperature weather, the chickens need a large amount of water to ensure that the chickens have sufficient water, and the lower drinking water temperature can lower the body temperature.

6. Timely supplement electrolytes and vitamins. The flock has a large amount of respiration, and at the same time, it has a large amount of drinking water, which is easy to cause imbalance of the acid-base balance. At this time, the electrolyte should be replenished in time; at the same time, the compound vitamin is supplemented to improve the body's ability to resist heat stress.

7. Reduce the stocking density. Laying hens are particularly afraid of heat. In summer, people should reduce the stocking density of chickens in time according to the rising temperature. The density of flocks should be based on ambient temperature, humidity and the type of house. In the hot summer, reducing the stocking density can effectively reduce the small ambient temperature in the house, which is of great significance in production practice. When captive laying hens enter the summer, it is advisable to raise 5 per square meter; after entering the volts, it can be reduced to 4 per square meter.

The above points are the advantages of raising chickens in poultry battery cages described by the author. Generally, the breeding quantity is less than 1,000. It is best for farmers to use flat or free-range breeding. This breeding method is the most cost-effective and can quickly return to cost. If the breeding volume is more than 3,000 or more, then the author recommends the use of layer chicken cages, which is convenient and labor-saving.

 

Because the temperature in winter is always low, it will bring inconvenience when we raise chickens, and the temperature is not good for the laying hens. Pay attention to chickens in winter. This way we can raise chickens and give them a good living environment in automatic poultry farm equipment price in ghana.

 

 

 

 


1. cold insulation. The temperature in the laying hen's house is usually best kept at about 15 degrees, and the low temperature will have a greater impact on the laying hens. The house must be well insulated in advance. You can increase the density of chicken cages, close doors and windows, add straw curtains, drink warm water and stove heaters to keep warm.

 

2. Increase the feeding amount. Chickens rely on the feed they eat to gain heat to maintain their body temperature. The lower the outside temperature, the more heat the chicken consumes to keep out the cold. In winter, the chicken feed must have sufficient energy. In addition to ensuring a certain percentage of protein, high-energy feed containing more starch and sugar should be appropriately added to meet the chicken's physiological and production needs.

 

3. Supplement the light. In winter, the total time of daylight for the chickens must not be less than 14 hours, and cannot exceed 17 hours. Make up each morning and evening.

 

4. Water supply. The water temperature should not be too low. Generally, the water temperature is preferably 10 ℃ ~ 20 ℃. To ensure that the water quality is clean and hygienic, sufficient drinking water should be provided. The chicken's water requirement is generally twice that of the feed. The sufficient drinking water should be provided to allow chickens to drink freely.

 

5. Enhance physical fitness. In winter, the chicken's resistance decreases. Special attention should be paid to the disease prevention work of chickens, and regular vaccination should be carried out. Some preventive medicines can also be fed regularly, and the preventive medicines in the feed can be appropriately increased. Do not feed moldy feed, sewage and cold water with ice and snow.

 

6. Ventilation. In cold climates, the relationship between ventilation and warmth should be handled, and the manure and debris in the chicken house should be removed in time to ensure the air in the chicken house is fresh. When the weather is good at noon, open the window to ventilate, so that the air in the house is fresh and oxygen is sufficient.

 

7. Eliminate the enemy. In winter, mice and weasels often gather in hen houses to steal food, bite utensils, and even infect diseases, bite or bite chickens, or cause stress reactions in chickens poultry farming equipment.

 

The above is a reminder of laying hen breeding equipment in the winter that you need to pay attention to laying hens. I hope to help you to the breeding hens.

 

Nowadays, there are more and more chicken farms using farming equipment. Because the use of automatic poultry farm equipment price in ghana can reduce labor and increase the economic income of farmers, then we ca n’t just use unmaintained equipment, which will shorten the life of the farming equipment. So how should we maintain the breeding equipment?

 

 

First of all, in order to ensure the service life of the equipment, users are required to regularly fill the transmission box transmission sprocket and gears with lubricating oil when they are used once a month; Lubricate the manure system and the central egg delivery system. Clean the egg transfer roller and the surface of the manure roller in time to prevent the accumulation of debris to swell the manure belt or break the roller shaft.

 

 

 


Farmers should timely clean up the impurities in the soft and broken egg collection trays in the farm. The ventilation system should be adjusted appropriately for side wall ventilation and roof ventilation according to the season. The laying hens of the lighting bulbs should always be kept clean, and the maintenance of layer chicken cages price in nigeria should not affect the light intensity.

 

 

The dung cleaning system of the layered laying hen cages has a unique structure. A vertical decontamination belt is set under each layer of chicken cages, so that the chicken dung of each layer of chickens will be scattered on the decontamination belt. Under the action of vertical flowing air, most of the water in the chicken faeces Outside the house, the water content of chicken manure is greatly reduced. When the manure is cleaned, because the manure removal belt is flat and smooth, the chicken manure removed from the house is granular. Such chicken manure can be sold directly to farmers or processed into compound fertilizers, which not only improves economic efficiency, but also avoids Environmental pollution. The chicken manure has been air-dried in layers in the house without fermentation, and each time it is cleaned up, the ammonia concentration in the house is extremely low, and the air in the house is fresh. Reduced incidence of disease.

Raising chickens is something that every chicken-and-hobby friend wants to do in cage system poultry house in kenya. The complexity of raising chickens is not so complicated, but it is still simple to ask the farmers to be more careful on weekdays. Let's take a look at how to raise chickens? What do you need to do most?

 

 

The air quality of the chicken house directly affects the health of the chickens, especially ammonia smell, carbon monoxide, etc., timely replacement of litter, timely cleaning of chicken manure, disinfection, poor air quality directly leads to one of the most important factors inducing chicken respiratory disease, if timely Improving air quality and reducing respiratory diseases saves farmers a lot of money. The temperature of the house is not only depends on the thermometer. If the chickens are piled together, the temperature is low. If a large group of mouths breathe, the increase in the amount of water indicates that the temperature of the house is high. The air is dry in autumn and winter, and there is too much dust on the ground. It is easy to cause respiratory diseases in poultry. The occurrence of this can be done on the ground, because the lighting required by the flocks at each stage is different, so it depends on the situation.

 

 

 


The daily mental state of the flock determines the state of health, the feathers are neat and clean, the feathers are shiny; the abdomen is soft; there are no bleeding marks in the umbilicus, the flocks are lively and active, the eyes are big and the feet are strong; the sound is loud and brittle; Full, struggling. Observe the status of the flock in advance through the feces. The healthy feces of the chickens are strips and piles. If the feces are too dry or too thin, it proves that the chickens have gone wrong. At this time, both feed and disease should be considered.

 

Observe the casualties of the flock in battery cage system for layers price in india, which is the case of the weak chicks. The weak chicks should be singled out for treatment. The casualties are planed to see what symptoms and then prevent and treat them.

 

Ventilation in the house is a daily and important thing, and now the chicken factory is a closed chicken house, so the farmers will use some ventilation chicken automated poultry equipment in nigeria to properly ventilate the chicken house, the chicken The harmful gases from the house are discharged, so that the flocks can breathe fresh air. How should the house be properly ventilated?

 


First, to ensure the tightness of the house: the premise of using the equipment for effective ventilation is that the tightness of the house is better, because only the closed house can use the equipment to let fresh air enter the house. Therefore, this requires farmers to pay attention to the inspection of the tightness of the house, for the poorly sealed house, to find the place where the air leakage is serious, especially the front and rear doors, the slab and the water curtain In other places, in addition to the high temperature period, the vertical ventilation system is mainly used, and the wet curtain cooling system is used.

 

 

 

Second, to ensure the matching of the chicken group demand and ventilation in the chicken house: the farmers will choose to use the chicken equipment fan equipment for equipment ventilation, and then use negative pressure ventilation to improve the wind speed inside the house and ensure the ventilation effect. When using longitudinal ventilation (especially when using a wet curtain), close the small windows of the house. If you open the small window, the wind speed will be unevenly distributed.

 

Third, the use of air inlets and water curtains should be matched with the fan: the number of fans and wet curtains for chicken equipment should match the house to obtain good ventilation and cooling effect. The size of the air inlet should be matched with the fan, the purpose is to make the chicken The ventilation is even and effective, and the static pressure inside the house is appropriate.

 

Fourth, create a suitable somatosensory temperature: farmers should pay attention to whether the ventilation management of the house is effective, whether the chicken is comfortable, not only the temperature displayed by the thermometer and the thermostat, must be judged according to the somatosensory temperature of the chicken and the performance of the flock : So farmers can go to the type H of bettery cage system to observe the flock and see how their mental state.

 

It is relatively simple to breed broiler chickens, but it is also difficult to breed broiler chickens in the coming summer. In order to help the farmers to safely cross the summer during the summer breeding process and improve the breeding efficiency, the following broiler breeding equipment manufacturers will give Farmers talk about some ways to raise broilers in the summer.

 

1. Strengthen the ventilation inside the chicken house and reduce the temperature of the automatic poultry farming equipment

In the summer season, the temperature in the house is relatively high. In order to enable the flock to have a good growth environment, it is necessary to control the temperature in the house and take appropriate measures to help the house to cool down. Conditional farmers can install some cooling equipment in the house to assist in cooling.

 

2. Ensure that the chickens drink cool and healthy water

In the summer season, the water required for the chicken body will increase. This requires the farmer to ensure that the drinking water is sufficient when feeding the chickens, and on the other hand, to ensure that the water source is healthy and non-polluting. In the summer season, it is best for the farmers to drink cool water for the chickens, which can help the chicken body to cool down.

 

 

 

 

3. Adjust the time for feeding the chicken

As the temperature in the summer season continues to increase, the feed intake of the birds will also decrease. In order to ensure that the chicken diet can normalize and improve the feed conversion rate, farmers need to adjust the time of the chicken diet. You can choose to let the chickens eat in the evening or in the cool morning, which can improve the diet of the chickens and thus improve the diet. Feed conversion rate.

 

4. Prevent the occurrence of coccidiosis in chickens

The high temperatures in summer will breed some bacteria, causing coccidiosis in chickens. Farmers need to pay more attention to the process of breeding to prevent some anticoccidial drugs in the feed to prevent the occurrence of coccidiosis in chickens. Also need to pay attention to the replacement of broiler litter to ensure the dry and sterile of the battery cage for chickens.

 

If the chicken farm does not clean the chicken manure in the chicken battery cages in time, the odor in the broiler equipment will be very serious, and it will affect the living environment of the chicken. Seriously, it will cause the chicken to become sick and affect the economic benefits. So what should we do?

 

 

 

 

 

1 padding deodorization

The sulphur is mixed into the litter to make the pH of the litter less than 7, which can inhibit the generation and emission of ammonia in the feces, reduce the ammonia content in the air of the house, and reduce the odor of ammonia. The specific method is to mix into the litter according to the amount of 0.5 kg of sulfur per square meter of ground, paving the ground.

 

2 ground odor

Sprinkle a layer of superphosphate on the ground in the house. The superphosphate reacts with the ammonia gas produced in the chicken manure to form an odorless solid ammonium phosphate salt, which can reduce the emission of ammonia in the feces of the house and reduce the odor of the house. The specific method is to evenly spray 350 grams of superphosphate on the ground of every 50 chickens.

 

3 air odor

The odor in the air is adsorbed by a substance having adsorption such as charcoal, activated carbon, cinder, or quicklime. The method is to use the net bag to load the charcoal and suspend it in the chicken house or properly sprinkle some activated carbon, cinder, lime, etc. on the ground, and the odor in the air can be eliminated to different extents.

 

The above is how to deal with the odor in the air of broiler breeding equipment. I hope that can help the chickens to better raise their chickens, and they clean up the chicken farm equipment in time to give the chicken a good environment.