Chicken Farming Information for Chicken Breeds

For the chicken farmers, the two phases of summer and winter are the most headaches for the farmers, because the temperature in these two stages is more extreme than the growth of the flock. With the continuous operation throughout the year, the farmers are about to usher in the hot summer season. In the summer season, the chickens are prone to diarrhea, so that the farmers can calmly face the phenomenon of chicken diarrhea in the summer season. . Through the experience of poultry equipment manufacturers, farmers are told about the causes of chicken diarrhea and how to prevent it.

 

1. Flock stress: The stress response of the flock will cause the flock to be diarrhea, and the flock will develop a stress reaction when it is transferred to the group or it will cause the flock to diarrhea. Therefore, farmers should try to avoid the stress response of the flocks in the process of raising the farmers. The action should be light when catching the chickens, so as to prevent strangers from entering and leaving the house.

 

 

2. Increased salt content in the feed: an increase in the salt content of the feed will increase the amount of water in the flock and cause the flock to be thin. Therefore, farmers should pay attention to the salt content of the feed when formulating feed for the chickens, especially when feeding the fish to the chickens.

 

3. Chickens can cause diarrhea when they are infected with E. coli or coccidiosis. Therefore, farmers should pay attention to the clean environment of the chickens and regularly disinfect the chicken houses to avoid infection of chicken diseases. Farmers who produce diarrhea can go to professional medical sites to purchase drugs.

 

4. Ensure that the drinking water of the chickens is clean. If the drinking water of the chickens is not clean, the water contains impurities or other germs, and the chickens will suffer discomfort after drinking, so it is necessary to ensure that the water consumed by the chickens is clean and pollution-free.

 

5. The high temperature in summer and the increased water consumption of the chickens will also cause the chickens to diarrhea. If this is the reason for the farmers, although they can be assured, take timely measures to reduce the temperature inside the house.

The number and size of broiler chickens raised in broiler battery cages is growing at an alarming rate. The density of cultivation per unit area is large, and the management level of the breeders is higher than that of the net culture. In fact, no matter what farming mode and breeding conditions, we manage. The primary task is to manage the chickens so that the chickens have a comfortable living environment so that the chickens do not get sick or get sick.

 

1. Strict control of temperature, ventilation and humidity

Appropriate temperature, light and good ventilation are especially important for the growth of caged broilers. Therefore, in the actual feeding process, it must be strictly controlled. About temperature control. The demand for temperature varies during the different stages of broiler growth. Generally speaking, before brooding, it is necessary to keep warm in advance, and raise the temperature in the house to 26 °C; in the brooding period, the method of high temperature brooding is adopted, and the temperature usually needs to be controlled at about 33 °C, and then it is lowered by 0.5 per week.

 

Control about ventilation. During the brooding period, because the temperature in the house is relatively stable, we usually realize the ventilation and ventilation in the house by controlling the opening and closing of the fan. About the control of humidity. The humidity control in the brooding period is preferably 60-65%. Increasing the humidity in the house can be achieved by placing several water-filled basins in the house and increasing the humidity in the house by evaporation. Increase the humidity inside the house. It is not recommended to sprinkle water on the ground or install nozzles to increase the humidity in the house. The humidity in the breeding house should be kept at 40-60%, and the suitable humidity is conducive to the normal growth of broilers.

Humidity should not be too high or too low. If the humidity is too low, it will cause dehydration of broilers, poor growth of feathers, dry skin, and dust in the air, which may easily induce respiratory diseases. If the humidity is too high in summer, it will cause the evaporation and heat dissipation of the chicken body to be blocked, the feed intake will decrease, the drinking water will increase, and cause heatstroke. If the humidity is too high in winter, the chicken body will lose heat too much, the feed intake will increase, and the feed consumption will increase. This leads to an increase in the ratio of meat to meat and increases the cost of farming.


 
2. Do a good job of cleaning and disinfecting caged houses

The cleaning and disinfection of the chicken house and the chicken battery cages should be thorough, without leaving a dead angle. In particular, it is recommended that the caged broiler has a high breeding density. It is recommended to use spray or fumigation to disinfect. When disinfecting, pay attention to the use of disinfectant. Strictly control the dosage of the disinfectant. In addition, after the disinfection is completed, it is necessary to open the doors and windows in time, and do a good job of ventilation.


 
3. Equipment use

Large and medium-sized chicken farms have advanced equipment, but with advanced equipment, it is not always possible to raise chickens. With the scale and automation, the failure of farming is not uncommon. The key lies in the organic of people and equipment. In combination, the operator must not only be familiar with the principle of the equipment, but also observe it carefully. Because the temperature of the thermostat and the temperature of the house have a certain error, the error value should be adjusted to the minimum, so that the temperature of the house can be adjusted. The temperature at which the chicken is most suitable for growth. In addition, the operator must be proficient in the use of the equipment and the feeding procedures of the chicken at various stages, and can promptly discover and repair the failure of the equipment. Once the equipment is used improperly or the equipment fails, it will Caused huge economic losses.

 

 

 

Eggs are rich in protein and are an indispensable food in people's lives. Moreover, many people choose to raise chickens, and the egg production rate of hens directly affects economic returns. So what is the reason for the low egg production rate of hens? So how to improve the laying rate of hens in chicken battery cages ?

1. Poor variety. The purchased chicken breeds are poor and miscellaneous, have poor disease resistance, low survival rate and low production performance.

2. The feed mix is ​​not scientific. For example, if the feeding amount is insufficient, the feed is single, the collocation is unreasonable, and the feeding method is improper, etc., the laying rate of the hen is low.

3. There are problems in management. If there is insufficient water supply and poor water quality, management problems at various stages are not in place. The chicken house does not provide a suitable environment for growth and development, which will greatly reduce the growth and development potential of the chicken, resulting in low egg production performance and low egg production rate.

4. The density is high, and the poor sanitary conditions of the chicken house result in low egg production rate of the hen.

5. Improper management of the laying period. The hen should pay special attention to these points during the laying period:

(1) Change in temperature. Free-range chickens are greatly affected by the environment and cannot control temperature changes. When the temperature is less than 0 ° C and higher than 30 ° C, the chicken lays off production. In addition, when the temperature difference within 1 day exceeds 8 °C, it will affect the egg production of the flock.

(2) The lighting is unreasonable. Unreasonable illumination can lead to dysfunction of the physiology of laying hens, which affects the normal performance of laying performance.

(3) Environmental mutations. Wind and rain, external noise, vaccination, improper refueling, and animals entering the house can cause a drop in egg production rate, accompanied by a decline in egg quality.

(4) The elimination is not timely. The ills that are not in compliance with the standards, the weak, the disabled, and the low-yield or discontinued hens are not allowed to be eliminated, which affects the egg production of the chickens.

6. Unreasonable drugs and vaccines result in low egg production rate in hens.

7. Poor hygiene and disinfection awareness. The farm environment is dirty, chaotic, poor, and the disinfection awareness is poor, which poses hidden dangers for the spread of the disease, resulting in low egg production rate of the hen.

1. Effective ventilation

Many farmers often use improper methods to ventilate the house. For example, installing an electric fan in the house directly blows the chicken. In fact, this method does not have much cooling effect. Because the chicken itself does not have sweat glands, it is only a hair dryer, no sweat evaporation does not take heat, and most of them are installed ceiling fans, the wind blows from top to bottom, which further prevents the rise of hot air and hinders the entry of low temperature air. Circulating hot air in the house is more likely to raise the ambient temperature. Although some farmers know to blow air from the outside to the inside, or ventilate the air outside the house, they do not know which fan should be blown inward, and which fan should be blown outwards, and the result is not good. In fact, this is not difficult to grasp, because the hot air in the house flows upwards, and the cold air flows below. As long as the fan that blows the hair in the house is installed below, the upper side can be exhausted outwards, so that it can form effective convection and take away part of the heat of the chicken body, which will have a good cooling effect.

2. Water spray cooling

Many farmers know that water spray can cool down, but I don't know how to use it. Sometimes the method is wrong, and it also plays the opposite role. First of all, we should understand the principle of water spray cooling. Water spray cooling is the use of liquid water to evaporate in the air, using evaporation and heat absorption to cool down, so it is necessary to consider this aspect when spraying water. First of all, the use of water evaporation, it is necessary to make water fog, which not only increases the surface area of the water, but also does not cause large drops of water to fall on the chicken, causing stress, or the formation of "falling chicken." The time of spraying water should be effective only when it is dry and windy. This is also conducive to the evaporation of water, and can not be carried out in the "sauna day" of high temperature and high humidity. That is just to increase the humidity, the water in the air is saturated, there is no evaporation, and the cooling effect is not achieved, and there is an opposite effect. At this time, it is sufficient to strengthen the effective ventilation.

3. Drinking water at the right time

Every time the high temperature comes, there are cases where the farmer has died of chicken due to lack of water. In addition to the common problems of water shortage, water leakage, water blocking, etc., another important reason is that due to the hot weather, individual chickens occupy the drinking water position. For example, when drinking water in a hanging pot, one or two chickens climbed onto the hanging pot, and other chickens could not drink water, causing water shortage and death. Therefore, the hotter the weather, the more often farmers should go to the house to observe and find problems in a timely manner.

4. Reasonable exercise

In the hot summer months, especially before the onset of heavy rain or during the high temperature and high humidity period in summer, the air pressure is particularly low. Individual chickens that are left untouched for a long time are likely to cause hypoxia death, which usually occurs in the afternoon or evening. Therefore, it is necessary to observe the chicken house frequently to make the chicken move in the chicken battery cages, which can reduce death and reduce losses.

 

 1.Liver and kidney health care

  Human liver and kidney are very important, and the liver and kidney of the chicken are also important, because liver and kidney function is related to detoxification and metabolism. Therefore, paying attention to the liver and kidney health care of the chickens can make the chickens more energetic and the blood more smooth in poultry   cage equipment.

  2. Intestinal health care

  The intestine is the largest immune organ of the chicken. The intestinal tract is not good. The health of the chicken is definitely not guaranteed. Even if it is not ill, it will become sick due to absorption problems. Gut care can even be said to be one of the most important things to raise chickens.

  3. Different seasons of health care

  This is actually easier for chicken farmers to understand, and generally not to make mistakes. Summer and winter, the health care for the chickens is definitely not the same. Winter protection, summer heat stress, drinking water, light, diet, ventilation, additives, etc. need to make correct adjustments. In spring, summer, autumn and winter, chickens are also susceptible to different diseases. Chicken farmers should have targeted preventive health care.

  4. Health care should start from the chicken

  The health care of the chicks must not be ignored, because the health of the chicken needs to lay a good foundation from the chicken stage. This good foundation is mainly manifested in the improvement of immune organs, the enhancement of immunity, the normal development of the intestines and organs. Chicken farmers usually use   microecological preparations and some immune-enhancing drugs and nutrients to care for the chicks.

  5. Mycotoxins are the source of all diseases of chicken

  This statement is not necessarily accurate, but the effect of mycotoxins on the health of the flock cannot be overstated. Mycotoxins, even if they do not directly damage the health of the flock, cause immunosuppression, making the flock more susceptible to disease. Therefore, adding mold remover to the feed is something that chicken   farmers must not ignore. After all, the mildew of corn pea meal may not be visible to the naked eye.

Broiler feeding equipment is a relatively popular breeding equipment in modern times. The emergence of such equipment has helped farmers solve many problems, while also protecting the environment and reducing environmental pollution. Everyone should also understand some of the advantages of fully automatic chicken equipment, but even the best equipment, if used improperly, there will be misunderstandings, then everyone knows the misunderstanding of automatic chicken farming equipment? Don't worry about it first, let's take a look at everything.

 

Two common mistakes in the use of broiler equipment:

 

1. Choose cheaper when purchasing broiler equipment: The cost of raising chicken equipment to raise chickens is much higher than that of the past. Therefore, many users tend to prefer cheap equipment when purchasing chicken equipment, and pay attention to the quality of equipment. Whether the requirements and standards are met, especially chicken cage equipment, chicken cages are the main equipment for raising chickens. Chicken cages with poor structure and poor quality will affect the growth and production of chickens, and the age is not guaranteed.

 

2. Do not pay attention to the maintenance of broiler equipment: Since the chicken farming equipment is generally large-scale mechanized equipment, the service life is relatively long, and the farmers need to carry out reasonable inspection and maintenance work on each broiler equipment on a regular basis, which can promptly find problems and The fault is solved, and the service life of the equipment can be ensured and extended, and the efficiency of the chicken raising work of the farmers is exerted. However, many farmers have neglected the work, resulting in short service life, high failure rate and increased cost.

 

Regarding the misunderstanding of broiler equipment, misunderstanding of equipment maintenance and the correct method of selecting broiler equipment, broiler equipment manufacturers can only analyze it here. I hope these contents can help you solve some problems.

 

 

 

In recent years, with the rapid development of the chicken industry, many people have begun to use poultry farming equipment to raise chickens, and many new problems have begun to plague farmers. If farmers want to achieve better economic benefits in raising chickens, the following issues should be regulated.

Poor management

1. The disinfection system is not perfect. The vast majority of chicken farmers lack understanding of the concept of disinfection system, 90% of professional housing is very strict, but there is no disinfection pool at the door of the chicken house; 80% of professional households do not wear disinfection suits and shoes at all; 30% Professional households are closely related to their neighbours, and they are allowed to enter and exit the chicken house. The internal and external environment is poor. 50% disinfection method is single, only focusing on air disinfection, not paying attention to drinking water and feed disinfection, while most of the water used by village farmers is polluted on the surface. Well water.

2. Ignore elimination and overemphasize the survival rate. On the one hand, some farmers do not eliminate weak chickens and chickens in the reserve chickens. On the other hand, they ignore the elimination of old and low-yielding hens, and do not pay attention to calculating the ratio of input to output, thus affecting economic benefits.

3. The faeces are piled up, and the sick and dead chickens are thrown. 80% of the professional households did not harmlessly treat sick and dead chickens. They were thrown upside down on the roads, behind houses, in idle areas, and encountered rainwater. The manure flowed through the ground, seriously polluting the surface water, and infected with the pathogens. Some farmers often slaughter chicken at the door of the chicken house, or throw the dead chicken to dogs and cats at random, without disinfection, which may easily cause outbreaks in the flock.

Disease prevention and control is not standardized

1. There is no corresponding measure for the epidemic prevention of diseases. Vaccines are not required during transportation, storage, and use, and the immunization program is arbitrarily changed.
 
2. Disease, healthy chicken polyculture. When individual chickens appear in the flock, they simply focus on treatment, neglect isolation and prevention, and create conditions for the spread and epidemic of the disease.

3. Despise disinfection. Individual chicken farms and chicken farmers cannot correctly understand the importance of disinfection, and only one-sided pursuit of reducing the cost of breeding, ignoring the disinfection work, leaving hidden dangers to the outbreak of the disease.

 

The temperature in summer is high. If the humidity in the chicken battery cages is large, the density of the flock is too large, and the ventilation is poor and the drinking water is insufficient, the chicken is prone to high temperature disease.

First, heat stroke

Young chicks are very sensitive to direct sunlight, especially young chicks that have just hatched for a few days, and are more prone to heat stroke during the hot summer months. The lack of drinking water equipment or drinking fountains is too small, the chicken house is small, surrounded by tall walls, around the chicken house or even the roof is closed by plastic film, which is the cause of heat stroke in young chicks and adult chickens.

Second, the production of thin shell eggs

When the temperature is as high as 32 ° C or above, the appetite decreases due to heat dissipation of the chicken. At the same time, the high temperature can make the chicken thyroid function disorder, the absorption of calcium is reduced, and it is easy to produce shellless eggs or thin shell eggs.

 For the above reasons, the following points should be noted in prevention and control:

1. Ensure ventilation and supply plenty of water; reduce the stocking density in summer and try to let the chicken rest.

2. For heatstroke sick chickens, first transfer to a cool and ventilated place, place the chicken legs in a cold water basin, use a needle to pierce the cocks or the inner blood vessels of the wings, and administer 10 ml of normal
saline. If the flock is difficult to transfer, ventilation should be strengthened, cold water should be poured on the outer wall and top of the chicken house, and the chicken should be fed with broken watermelon skin.

3. Add 2% eggshell powder and supplement a sufficient amount of vitamin D on the basis of the normal daily food intake of the laying hens.

Thursday, 18 April 2019 07:23

Broiler feeding management points of spring

1. Disinfection

The chicks are thoroughly cleaned and disinfected 5 days before entering the site, avoiding corrosive disinfectant such as caustic soda to prevent equipment damage, then fumigation with formaldehyde, and sealing the doors and windows. After 24 hours, the window is ventilated. Personnel must be strictly disinfected to avoid destroying the disinfection effect. The trough and drinking fountains are cleaned and disinfected. After the chicks arrive, the ground is cleaned every day to reduce the stimulation of the respiratory tract by dust and chicken fluff, and the chickens should be disinfected every other day. Several disinfectants can be used alternately, and the vaccination period should be avoided for more than 24 hours.

2. Temperature

There is a temperature difference between the three-layer chicken battery cages in the upper, middle and lower layers, and the lower the outdoor temperature, the greater the temperature difference. Brooding is generally at the highest level, because the highest temperature is the highest, which is conducive to saving heat. The chicks enter the field on the first day, the temperature is controlled at 33 ~ 34 ° C, but also according to the state of the chicks to adjust the temperature. When the temperature is suitable, the flocks are evenly distributed, active and active, and the appetite is strong; when the temperature is low, the neck is constricted and concentrated to the heat source. Squeeze each other, the body trembles; when the temperature is too high, the amount of drinking water increases, the appetite decreases, the breathing speeds up, and the neck feathers are soaked. In the first week, the temperature dropped to 30~C, and then decreased by 2°C every week. The density of three-dimensional culture was large, which was 1~2°C lower than the flattening temperature. It should avoid the heat stress and the food intake decreased.

 

 

3. Grouping

Three-dimensional cultured broiler chickens use the whole sports chicks. When the chicks are too dense, they should be grouped in time to ensure that the chicks are evenly weighted. The first group is usually 12 to 16 days old, and the group is too early. Because the body size is too small, it is easy to grow in the cage gap. Drilling also wastes space and wastes energy. The second grouping, at 25 to 28 days of age, adopts the principle of “remaining weak and not staying strong” when grouping, and the important young chicks are placed in the lower layer, and the weak chicks are left behind. In summer, due to high temperature, it can be properly caged in advance. In winter, due to the large temperature difference between the upper and lower layers of the cage, the poultry battery cages time can be appropriately postponed, and one more in the lower cage to reduce the temperature difference between the upper and lower layers.

4. Ventilation

The key to successful aquaculture is ventilation, reasonable ventilation, elimination of harmful gases, temperature control, and reduction of ascites, chronic respiratory diseases and colibacillosis. The density of the three-dimensional farming unit is large, so ventilation is more important. Within 24 hours after entering the farm, the chicks can be ventilated due to the large space of the whole sports. As the age of the chicken increases, the ventilation volume is gradually increased, and the position and size of the air inlet are adjusted. Day, night, cloudy, sunny, spring, summer, autumn and winter. It is necessary to constantly adjust in a timely manner to achieve the feeling of no smell, no glare, no oxygen deficiency and more comfort in the house, to create a good growth space for the chickens, enhance the body's disease resistance and reduce the occurrence of diseases.

Friday, 12 April 2019 09:10

How to Feed Chickens with medicine

 

In the process of raising chickens in poultry cages for sale, chickens will inevitably become sick. Scientific medicine can avoid costs and improve breeding efficiency. How to feed chickens?

 1, ,staged

Some diseases occur with specific time and conditions, and should be targeted according to the law.

2, timeliness

The opportunity to use drugs is crucial, and the disease should be used at an early stage. If the time is too long, it is often not effective.

3, accuracy

At present, there are many kinds of medicines, and there are many kinds of medicines for the same kind of diseases, but the effect will be different for a specific chicken group. Therefore, the drug susceptibility test should be done again, and the history of drug use and the experience of the breeder should be used.

4, choose a drug with high safety, so as to avoid the toxicity of some drugs, too strong side effects on the chicken body to produce a bad reaction.

5, the goal of medication is to reduce the growth of benefits, the choice of drugs should be based on economics as a basis for thinking. In the case of the same preventive effect, it is better to choose a drug that is cheaper and has no other disadvantages.

Chicks generally refer to chickens that were born less than 50 days old. Chicks have young bodies, incomplete development of body functions, sensitive nervous system, high sensitivity to external changes, incomplete intestinal development, and poor resistance, but chicks have the characteristics of strong metabolism and rapid growth. Objective factors such as the environment in which the chicks live and the equipment of the feed have a great impact on the growth and development of the chicks. In the actual production environment, the breeder should adopt appropriate breeding management techniques for the characteristics of the chicks to provide a good environment for the healthy growth of the chicks.

1. Selection of chick breeding grounds

The growth and development of chicks is closely related to their living environment. Therefore, the selection of breeding sites is crucial. Whether the chicks can grow healthily and vigorously, the quality of the breeding ground plays a vital role. The breeding ground should be chosen in a sunny place to ensure that the chicks can get to the sun and disinfect the body of the chicks. On the other hand, breeding grounds should not be chosen where the wind is too strong, otherwise the chicks are prone to illness. The breeding ground should also have the requirements of quietness, comfort and sanitation. In addition, in the cage of the chicken, there should be an activity room to ensure that the chicks can move normally and have enough space for exercise.

2. Feeding of chicks

Freshly shelled chicks have enough yolk for their nutrition in their own body. Therefore, it is not necessary to prematurely feed the chicks. Generally, the chicks are fed after 3 hours of full drinking. The correct choice of feeding time is of great significance for promoting the growth and development of chicks and improving the body's defense mechanism. Eating too late will increase the energy consumption of the chicks. If you start eating too early, it will increase the gastrointestinal burden of the chicks. In addition, in the feed preparation process of the chicks, the current use method should be adopted, and a little garlic juice can be added to the feed of the chicks to disinfect and sterilize.

There are many factors affecting the growth and development of chicks, such as genetics, nutrition, and environment. In the case of a small gap in the overall nutritional level of the farm, the farm environment has become the key to determining the success of the farm. Among the many environmental factors, the temperature, humidity, ventilation and lighting of the house are the most important, and it is the most difficult part of daily management. In order to save farming space and improve breeding efficiency, large-scale chicken farms usually adopt a caged approach. The level and location of the chicken battery cages are different, and the surrounding microenvironment (temperature, humidity, light, ventilation) will also vary.

1) Material: low carbon steel galvanized cold drawn steel wire, galvanized and delicate, corrosion resistant.

2) High-quality plastics can overcome the inflammation of the broiler's chest caused by the hard bottom of the cage.

3) Ample light, air circulation, and free drinking water.

4) It saves labor, materials, materials, management, observation, disinfection, decontamination, and easy operation.

5) Rugged, beautiful and easy to use, save space.

Tuesday, 09 April 2019 09:11

Prevent chicken from stress response


Chickens are also avoided stress reactions occur in Poultry Equipment for Sale. There are many reasons for the stress response of laying hens. Poor management in all aspects may cause stress. Stress seriously affects the healthy growth and laying of laying hens. Affect the economic benefits of the farmers, so in the process of breeding, farmers must pay more attention to avoid the stress response of the flock

There are many reasons for the stress response of laying hens. If the nutrients are not balanced in the feeds that are usually fed, the mildew of the feed will affect the feeding and absorption functions of the broilers and then physiologically appear to have a stress response. In addition, if the temperature of the house is too high or too low, or the ventilation is unscientific, the drinking water in the external environment such as noise will also cause stress. So how do you prevent a stress reaction?

1, Firstly, from the growth characteristics of laying hens, provide a good, quiet and comfortable growing environment for the laying hens, control of temperature and humidity, and management of ventilation should be scientific and reasonable, avoiding the humidity in the chicken house caused by poor ventilation. And air pollution, etc., to avoid the stress of environmental failure.

2, to ensure the stability of feeding throughout the breeding process, such as laying water, feeding, disinfection and other environments, must be in order, time is regular, farmers must pay attention to must not be cut off, lack of material.

3, In the breeding process, it is necessary to control the environment of the chicken house, such as fixing the time of the switch light, doing the cooling work in the summer, and keeping warm in the winter to prevent the adverse effects of high and low temperature on the laying hen. In the autumn when the temperature changes greatly, timely prevention and control measures should be taken. In the rainy season, work to prevent storms is also needed.

4, In the farm where the laying hens are raised, the farmers should be careful not to yell and scream, and pay attention to the chicken houses not to be built in noisy places.

5, The feed ingredients required for different growth stages of laying hens are different. Therefore, the farmers must change the feed at a certain stage. There must be a transitional stage in the process of changing the feed, so as to ensure the smooth adaptation of the broilers.