Layer Chicken Farms - Poultry Farming Strategies of Layers and Broilers

In the breeding process, if there is a death of laying hens, it is undoubtedly the most sad and worrying for farmers. Therefore, in order to prevent this situation from occurring as little as possible, farmers should strengthen the daily management of the chicken cages.

Use layer battery cages to raise chickens. The layer cage has a modern system and lives in the home cage. Farmers can pay attention to the status of the chickens, and if they find sick chickens, they can take immediate treatment.

Farmers should formulate reasonable immunization procedures. Timely immunization is one of the most important ways to prevent chickens from getting sick. The time of vaccination should also be determined based on the health of the flock.

Use automated chicken farming equipment to manage the chicken house. Farmers can use the automatic manure removal system to clean the chicken manure out of the chicken house on time. This will create a clean living environment for the chickens and reduce their illnesses.

In short, the use of automatic poultry chicken farming systems can not only help reduce the mortality of chickens, but also create a good chicken house environment for chickens to promote healthy growth of chickens. The automated poultry farming subsystem mainly includes chicken cages, automated manure removal systems, automated drinking water systems, automated egg collection systems, automatic feeding systems, and automatic ventilation systems. They assist in cooperation, just to make it easier for farmers to raise chickens.

Nowadays, there are more and more chicken farms using farming equipment. Because the use of automatic poultry farm equipment price in ghana can reduce labor and increase the economic income of farmers, then we ca n’t just use unmaintained equipment, which will shorten the life of the farming equipment. So how should we maintain the breeding equipment?

 

 

First of all, in order to ensure the service life of the equipment, users are required to regularly fill the transmission box transmission sprocket and gears with lubricating oil when they are used once a month; Lubricate the manure system and the central egg delivery system. Clean the egg transfer roller and the surface of the manure roller in time to prevent the accumulation of debris to swell the manure belt or break the roller shaft.

 

 

 


Farmers should timely clean up the impurities in the soft and broken egg collection trays in the farm. The ventilation system should be adjusted appropriately for side wall ventilation and roof ventilation according to the season. The laying hens of the lighting bulbs should always be kept clean, and the maintenance of layer chicken cages price in nigeria should not affect the light intensity.

 

 

The dung cleaning system of the layered laying hen cages has a unique structure. A vertical decontamination belt is set under each layer of chicken cages, so that the chicken dung of each layer of chickens will be scattered on the decontamination belt. Under the action of vertical flowing air, most of the water in the chicken faeces Outside the house, the water content of chicken manure is greatly reduced. When the manure is cleaned, because the manure removal belt is flat and smooth, the chicken manure removed from the house is granular. Such chicken manure can be sold directly to farmers or processed into compound fertilizers, which not only improves economic efficiency, but also avoids Environmental pollution. The chicken manure has been air-dried in layers in the house without fermentation, and each time it is cleaned up, the ammonia concentration in the house is extremely low, and the air in the house is fresh. Reduced incidence of disease.

Higher temperatures in summer can lead to reduced appetite and reduced feed intake. As a result, the metabolic capacity of the chicken in layer battery cage, the nutrient intake of protein, vitamins and minerals is seriously insufficient, resulting in a decline in production performance. Therefore, dietary formula must be adjusted to meet heat stress. To meet the nutritional needs of chickens.

 

The caloric content of various nutrients varies greatly during digestion. Protein produces the most heat, and fat produces the least amount of heat. In order to reduce the heat dissipation burden of the chicken, the crude protein level should be reduced as much as possible to ensure the essential amino acid content and amino acid balance. Avoid excessive protein and increase the proportion of fat feed by adding fat. Heat stress in laying hens leads to reduced feed intake, resulting in insufficient energy intake.

 

 

 

 


Adjust the paper feed mode and lighting time. In the summer, the temperature is higher at noon, the appetite of chicken is low, and the temperature is suitable in the morning and evening. Chicken has a strong sense of hunger. At this point, the feed stimulates appetite, increases feed intake, and has a lower peak heat production. Time, because the maximum heat production related to digestion is 3-5 hours after feeding, should be avoided after 9 am to meet the nutritional needs of chicken production or growth, improve its anti-stress ability, broilers can rest the lighting system at night , low light illumination for 1 hour, light off for 2-3 hours, and so on. Egg laying hens can turn on the lights around 1 am, let the chickens heat up, drink water and feed, and the chickens start laying eggs when they are bright, so as to avoid laying eggs at high temperatures at noon. And reduce heat stress. It is estimated that 80-90% of consumption is consumed when it is cool. For free-fed broilers, two feeds can be supplied at the same time, one material is normal, the other material has a low nutrient concentration, and the chicken can be selectively eaten as needed. Tests have shown that this method can improve weight gain and feed compensation. Reduce the cost of feeding and mortality of poultry farming equipment for sale.

 

 


During heat stress, 80% of body heat is dissipated by evaporation. Try to stimulate the chicken to drink plenty of water to ensure that the drinking water is adequate and cool. Since low temperature water can carry away more heat in the body, it can relieve heat stress and reduce heat stress. The adverse effects of heat stress on feed intake. However, drinking water must be hygienic, preferably deep well water. When the house is exposed to high temperature and high humidity (temperature exceeds 35 ° C, humidity exceeds 70%), the following measures should be taken to prevent acute death. Close the wet curtain and turn on all fans to remove moisture from the house. When the humidity exceeds 80%, the side windows and doors in the front half of the house should be opened immediately, so that the air inlet area is larger than twice the area of ​​the air outlet to achieve rapid dehumidification for poultry farm equipment suppliers.

Do you know how many days of hatching an egg can produce a chicken? When does the chicken grow to start laying eggs? What is the peak period of laying eggs? do we need to care something?

A fertilized egg usually hatches the chicken after 21 days, the duck egg is 28 days, the goose egg is 30~33 days, the pigeon egg is 18 days, the pearl egg is 26 days, and the fire egg is 27~28 days. It takes these stages for a chick to go from hatching to final elimination.

Chicken raising, especially laying hens, determines the length of the egg production period. Why should limit light and limit materials before? Because, at the stage of 43~126 days, if the light is not limited, the chicken will lay eggs in advance, resulting in a shortened egg production period of 3 to 5 months, causing serious losses.

So the peak of egg production is so important, what should farmers pay attention to?

In addition to daily management, pay more attention to the condition of laying hens. Usually, in addition to packing eggs in egg packing system, clear dung, feeding, cleaning, you should also observe the status of the laying hens, see if there are sick chickens, etc. In short, pay more attention. Laying hens must ensure that nutrition is kept up.

Reduce stress and maintain environmental sanitation. High-yielding laying hens are easily frightened, resulting in less food for laying hens and lower egg production rates.

The problem to be paid attention to in raising chickens in summer: the optimum temperature for chicken adaptation is 13 to 25 degrees, and the production is customarily used for 21 to 25 degrees. In the hot summer, the chickens are fed in the cool morning.

 


The morning and evening of the peak of egg production is related to the feeding and management conditions in chicken farm equipment for sale. The higher the limit of feeding during the breeding period, the faster the peak appears. In the flocking period, the flocks that restricted the light, the peak of laying eggs appeared earlier than the flocks that did not limit the light during the breeding period. After reaching the peak of egg production, the egg production rate can generally reach 93% to 94%, and the highest can reach 95% to 97%, maintaining 3-4 weeks, and then decreasing by 0.5% to 1% per week, which is a steady decline; The egg production rate at 72 weeks of age can still be maintained at 65% to 70%. The extent of the new comprehensive technology for large-scale safe chicken raising is affected by genetic factors, and there are certain differences in varieties or strains. Poor feeding management, flocks suffering from stress, disease or high ambient temperature, the actual egg production rate declines weekly.
This period of final production is quite short. Although the pituitary gland still produces gonadotropin, the egg production rapidly declines until it can not form an egg. The laying of the female poultry has a certain periodicity, that is, a certain egg laying pattern can be repeated. It is manifested by the fact that the female produces an egg or produces several eggs in succession, and then stops production for one day or more in poultry battery cage.

 

With the development of the breeding industry, automatic layer chicken cages are now essential chicken breeding equipment for farmers. What are the benefits of using chicken cages to raise chickens? Let's discuss it today.

        1.High degree of automation. Active feeding, drinking water, cleaning manure, wet curtain device. The use of this type of equipment to centrally manage the chicken coop can greatly improve the efficiency of breeding.

2.Conducive to the epidemic prevention work. Because the automatic manure removal systemmakes the chickens inaccessible to manure. This will make the chicken grow stronger. It also provides a clean and warm development space for chickens.

3.Save breeding feed. The use of stacked layer cages can greatly reduce the breeding feed. Because chickens grow in cages, their activity is reduced. The chicken's body consumes less energy, which leads to less feed waste.

4.The chicken coop is stable and durable. Hot-dip galvanizing technology is now used in automated breeding equipment. Make the equipment use longer, and it is also resistant to corrosion and oxidation. The service life can reach 15-20 years.

5.Save time. Because of the high degree of automation of modern chicken farming equipment, it is more conducive for farmers to manage the chicken coop and save time for other tasks.

When using poultry farm cage to raise chickens in the farm, pay attention to many details. The water supply must be normal in the whole process of chicken feeding, no water leakage, no blockage, no pollution. This requires thorough cleaning of the water line before cleaning the chicken, wiping the cup, checking the nipple installation and water leakage. A simple leak phenomenon is not the result of management slack. This shows that we have fewer visits to and from the house, and the work in the house is not fine enough. If the water leaks too much on the ground, it will cause a chain reaction, which will increase the humidity in the house. Under high temperature, the chicken manure is mixed with the feed and fermented rapidly to produce a thick ammonia gas. Excessive concentration of ammonia will damage the respiratory mucosa of the chick, the respiratory tract. The mucous membrane is the first barrier against the invasion of foreign evils. Once damaged, the chicks are completely filled with pathogens, and the immune system is overwhelmed by a variety of pathogens. The end result is a mixed infection in poultry cage equipment.

 

The fully automatic material line saves labor and improves work efficiency, which does not mean that you no longer pay attention to the feeding problem. In the process of breeding, there must be no leakage, no material, no mold. For example, there is only one reason for the missing material problem, that is, the tray is not installed. If the breeder's work is done with enough care, check the number of times before loading, and fix the position probe after each expansion. The above problems will be solved. If the most basic water and materials in the house are insufficient, it can be imagined that other equipment in the house can operate smoothly.

 

 

 

 

 

Temperature, humidity and ventilation. Those who are engaged in farming know that temperature, humidity and ventilation are closely related and contradictory. Especially in the winter and spring seasons, the temperature is low, the humidity is relatively small, and at the same time, enough fresh air is supplied to the house. If the ventilation is too large, the temperature and humidity will decrease greatly; if the ventilation is too small, the air quality in the house will be poor. In summer, the temperature and humidity are too high, and it is often necessary to increase ventilation to reduce the humidity in the house and the somatosensory temperature of the chicken. As far as the current season is concerned, although it is a beautiful season for spring blossoms, the temperature difference between day and night is large, and there are many windy weathers. So how to adjust the fan and small window, adjust the temperature inside the house evenly, and the humidity and sufficient oxygen in the house. It has become a key task.

 


When the temperature is high during the day, ventilation can be increased, and the ventilation time is twice or even greater at night. Sufficient fresh air is clearly beneficial to alleviate the symptoms of respiratory diseases. In the evening, everyone eats and rests. When everyone is most relaxed, the temperature begins to decrease. At this time, the small window should be adjusted in time to prevent the cold air from being fully warmed up on the chicken. This way the chicken will only feel more comfortable and there is no feeling of quenching. In the windy weather, whether the small windows of the north and south walls have been adjusted accordingly to avoid inconsistent air intake in the north and south walls. Try your best to minimize stress, and the chicken will naturally not catch a cold. Stress is the source, and viruses such as colds are fueling the waves. When you have not responded in time, they will push the flocks to the abyss step by step.

 

If a breeding farm wants to be industrialized, large-scale breeding is inseparable from automatic layer breeding machinery and equipment. Automatic layer breeding machinery and equipment are good assistants to assist layer farmers in the breeding work. Nowadays, the chicken breeding equipment is very good. Mechanical automation can be applied for a long time. This requires farms to carry out timely maintenance and maintenance of machinery and equipment, so as to ensure that all machinery and equipment can be maintained for the long-term normal work of the farm. The working efficiency of the chicken farm is the maintenance and maintenance of the following automatic layer breeding machinery and equipment.

 

The key of automatic layer breeding machinery and equipment includes: automatic manure cleaning machine, automatic feeding machine, automatic egg picking machine, each of which will describe the key points of maintenance of machinery and equipment.

 

 

 

1. Automatic manure cleaning machine: After the farm has applied the manure cleaning machine for a period of time, the manure removal belt will increase and increase the slack. Maintenance of rolling bearings and rubber sticks. Rolling bearings should be added with unsalted butter on time. The glue sticks should be kept tight and not loose. In addition, many farms have a roll-up of manure removal opportunities. Farms will remove manure belts in passive rolling. The position of the barrel can be leveled.

 

2. Automatic feeder: When the feeder is in use, the farm must pay attention to the fact that no items can be placed on the feeder, otherwise it will cause the motor to withstand too much force and burn the motor. The application of the feeder Make sure that the transmission chain and gears have a certain level of lubrication, otherwise the lack of lubrication will destroy the equipment. The farm should pay attention to regular maintenance. The feeder is mainly produced by skin to transport concentrated feed, so the farm should be maintained regularly Is the transmission belt intact? Is the level of tightness moderate? The control cabinet of the feeder will have a lot of dust due to dust caused by the concentrate. In the long term, it will cause short-circuit failure of the internal power circuit. The farm should carry out the removal on time.

 

3. Fully automatic egg picker: When the farm uses an automatic egg picker, it is necessary to pay attention to the detailed learning and training of the appropriate operation steps of the machine equipment. If the wrong operation is very easy to cause damage to the machine and equipment, use the egg picker After that, you must pay attention to frequent disinfection and sterilization, because some chicken excrement, feather dusters and other items containing pathogens are inevitably left in the whole process of application of machinery and equipment. If you have been using a machine that carries pathogens and does not often clean up If the equipment is available, the quality of the eggs will be reduced.