Poultry Farming News of Chicken Breeds - Poultry Farming Strategies of Layers and Broilers

Poultry Farming News of Chicken Breeds

Poultry rearing of chicken breeds include egg laying hens, broilers and baby chickens, which would be the most important chicken rearing information for your commercial chicken farming business. You will also get more experience on the industry farming.

For the chicken farmers, the two phases of summer and winter are the most headaches for the farmers, because the temperature in these two stages is more extreme than the growth of the flock. With the continuous operation throughout the year, the farmers are about to usher in the hot summer season. In the summer season, the chickens are prone to diarrhea, so that the farmers can calmly face the phenomenon of chicken diarrhea in the summer season. . Through the experience of poultry equipment manufacturers, farmers are told about the causes of chicken diarrhea and how to prevent it.

 

1. Flock stress: The stress response of the flock will cause the flock to be diarrhea, and the flock will develop a stress reaction when it is transferred to the group or it will cause the flock to diarrhea. Therefore, farmers should try to avoid the stress response of the flocks in the process of raising the farmers. The action should be light when catching the chickens, so as to prevent strangers from entering and leaving the house.

 

 

2. Increased salt content in the feed: an increase in the salt content of the feed will increase the amount of water in the flock and cause the flock to be thin. Therefore, farmers should pay attention to the salt content of the feed when formulating feed for the chickens, especially when feeding the fish to the chickens.

 

3. Chickens can cause diarrhea when they are infected with E. coli or coccidiosis. Therefore, farmers should pay attention to the clean environment of the chickens and regularly disinfect the chicken houses to avoid infection of chicken diseases. Farmers who produce diarrhea can go to professional medical sites to purchase drugs.

 

4. Ensure that the drinking water of the chickens is clean. If the drinking water of the chickens is not clean, the water contains impurities or other germs, and the chickens will suffer discomfort after drinking, so it is necessary to ensure that the water consumed by the chickens is clean and pollution-free.

 

5. The high temperature in summer and the increased water consumption of the chickens will also cause the chickens to diarrhea. If this is the reason for the farmers, although they can be assured, take timely measures to reduce the temperature inside the house.

Eggs are rich in protein and are an indispensable food in people's lives. Moreover, many people choose to raise chickens, and the egg production rate of hens directly affects economic returns. So what is the reason for the low egg production rate of hens? So how to improve the laying rate of hens in chicken battery cages ?

1. Poor variety. The purchased chicken breeds are poor and miscellaneous, have poor disease resistance, low survival rate and low production performance.

2. The feed mix is ​​not scientific. For example, if the feeding amount is insufficient, the feed is single, the collocation is unreasonable, and the feeding method is improper, etc., the laying rate of the hen is low.

3. There are problems in management. If there is insufficient water supply and poor water quality, management problems at various stages are not in place. The chicken house does not provide a suitable environment for growth and development, which will greatly reduce the growth and development potential of the chicken, resulting in low egg production performance and low egg production rate.

4. The density is high, and the poor sanitary conditions of the chicken house result in low egg production rate of the hen.

5. Improper management of the laying period. The hen should pay special attention to these points during the laying period:

(1) Change in temperature. Free-range chickens are greatly affected by the environment and cannot control temperature changes. When the temperature is less than 0 ° C and higher than 30 ° C, the chicken lays off production. In addition, when the temperature difference within 1 day exceeds 8 °C, it will affect the egg production of the flock.

(2) The lighting is unreasonable. Unreasonable illumination can lead to dysfunction of the physiology of laying hens, which affects the normal performance of laying performance.

(3) Environmental mutations. Wind and rain, external noise, vaccination, improper refueling, and animals entering the house can cause a drop in egg production rate, accompanied by a decline in egg quality.

(4) The elimination is not timely. The ills that are not in compliance with the standards, the weak, the disabled, and the low-yield or discontinued hens are not allowed to be eliminated, which affects the egg production of the chickens.

6. Unreasonable drugs and vaccines result in low egg production rate in hens.

7. Poor hygiene and disinfection awareness. The farm environment is dirty, chaotic, poor, and the disinfection awareness is poor, which poses hidden dangers for the spread of the disease, resulting in low egg production rate of the hen.

1. Effective ventilation

Many farmers often use improper methods to ventilate the house. For example, installing an electric fan in the house directly blows the chicken. In fact, this method does not have much cooling effect. Because the chicken itself does not have sweat glands, it is only a hair dryer, no sweat evaporation does not take heat, and most of them are installed ceiling fans, the wind blows from top to bottom, which further prevents the rise of hot air and hinders the entry of low temperature air. Circulating hot air in the house is more likely to raise the ambient temperature. Although some farmers know to blow air from the outside to the inside, or ventilate the air outside the house, they do not know which fan should be blown inward, and which fan should be blown outwards, and the result is not good. In fact, this is not difficult to grasp, because the hot air in the house flows upwards, and the cold air flows below. As long as the fan that blows the hair in the house is installed below, the upper side can be exhausted outwards, so that it can form effective convection and take away part of the heat of the chicken body, which will have a good cooling effect.

2. Water spray cooling

Many farmers know that water spray can cool down, but I don't know how to use it. Sometimes the method is wrong, and it also plays the opposite role. First of all, we should understand the principle of water spray cooling. Water spray cooling is the use of liquid water to evaporate in the air, using evaporation and heat absorption to cool down, so it is necessary to consider this aspect when spraying water. First of all, the use of water evaporation, it is necessary to make water fog, which not only increases the surface area of the water, but also does not cause large drops of water to fall on the chicken, causing stress, or the formation of "falling chicken." The time of spraying water should be effective only when it is dry and windy. This is also conducive to the evaporation of water, and can not be carried out in the "sauna day" of high temperature and high humidity. That is just to increase the humidity, the water in the air is saturated, there is no evaporation, and the cooling effect is not achieved, and there is an opposite effect. At this time, it is sufficient to strengthen the effective ventilation.

3. Drinking water at the right time

Every time the high temperature comes, there are cases where the farmer has died of chicken due to lack of water. In addition to the common problems of water shortage, water leakage, water blocking, etc., another important reason is that due to the hot weather, individual chickens occupy the drinking water position. For example, when drinking water in a hanging pot, one or two chickens climbed onto the hanging pot, and other chickens could not drink water, causing water shortage and death. Therefore, the hotter the weather, the more often farmers should go to the house to observe and find problems in a timely manner.

4. Reasonable exercise

In the hot summer months, especially before the onset of heavy rain or during the high temperature and high humidity period in summer, the air pressure is particularly low. Individual chickens that are left untouched for a long time are likely to cause hypoxia death, which usually occurs in the afternoon or evening. Therefore, it is necessary to observe the chicken house frequently to make the chicken move in the chicken battery cages, which can reduce death and reduce losses.

 

 1.Liver and kidney health care

  Human liver and kidney are very important, and the liver and kidney of the chicken are also important, because liver and kidney function is related to detoxification and metabolism. Therefore, paying attention to the liver and kidney health care of the chickens can make the chickens more energetic and the blood more smooth in poultry   cage equipment.

  2. Intestinal health care

  The intestine is the largest immune organ of the chicken. The intestinal tract is not good. The health of the chicken is definitely not guaranteed. Even if it is not ill, it will become sick due to absorption problems. Gut care can even be said to be one of the most important things to raise chickens.

  3. Different seasons of health care

  This is actually easier for chicken farmers to understand, and generally not to make mistakes. Summer and winter, the health care for the chickens is definitely not the same. Winter protection, summer heat stress, drinking water, light, diet, ventilation, additives, etc. need to make correct adjustments. In spring, summer, autumn and winter, chickens are also susceptible to different diseases. Chicken farmers should have targeted preventive health care.

  4. Health care should start from the chicken

  The health care of the chicks must not be ignored, because the health of the chicken needs to lay a good foundation from the chicken stage. This good foundation is mainly manifested in the improvement of immune organs, the enhancement of immunity, the normal development of the intestines and organs. Chicken farmers usually use   microecological preparations and some immune-enhancing drugs and nutrients to care for the chicks.

  5. Mycotoxins are the source of all diseases of chicken

  This statement is not necessarily accurate, but the effect of mycotoxins on the health of the flock cannot be overstated. Mycotoxins, even if they do not directly damage the health of the flock, cause immunosuppression, making the flock more susceptible to disease. Therefore, adding mold remover to the feed is something that chicken   farmers must not ignore. After all, the mildew of corn pea meal may not be visible to the naked eye.

In recent years, with the rapid development of the chicken industry, many people have begun to use poultry farming equipment to raise chickens, and many new problems have begun to plague farmers. If farmers want to achieve better economic benefits in raising chickens, the following issues should be regulated.

Poor management

1. The disinfection system is not perfect. The vast majority of chicken farmers lack understanding of the concept of disinfection system, 90% of professional housing is very strict, but there is no disinfection pool at the door of the chicken house; 80% of professional households do not wear disinfection suits and shoes at all; 30% Professional households are closely related to their neighbours, and they are allowed to enter and exit the chicken house. The internal and external environment is poor. 50% disinfection method is single, only focusing on air disinfection, not paying attention to drinking water and feed disinfection, while most of the water used by village farmers is polluted on the surface. Well water.

2. Ignore elimination and overemphasize the survival rate. On the one hand, some farmers do not eliminate weak chickens and chickens in the reserve chickens. On the other hand, they ignore the elimination of old and low-yielding hens, and do not pay attention to calculating the ratio of input to output, thus affecting economic benefits.

3. The faeces are piled up, and the sick and dead chickens are thrown. 80% of the professional households did not harmlessly treat sick and dead chickens. They were thrown upside down on the roads, behind houses, in idle areas, and encountered rainwater. The manure flowed through the ground, seriously polluting the surface water, and infected with the pathogens. Some farmers often slaughter chicken at the door of the chicken house, or throw the dead chicken to dogs and cats at random, without disinfection, which may easily cause outbreaks in the flock.

Disease prevention and control is not standardized

1. There is no corresponding measure for the epidemic prevention of diseases. Vaccines are not required during transportation, storage, and use, and the immunization program is arbitrarily changed.
 
2. Disease, healthy chicken polyculture. When individual chickens appear in the flock, they simply focus on treatment, neglect isolation and prevention, and create conditions for the spread and epidemic of the disease.

3. Despise disinfection. Individual chicken farms and chicken farmers cannot correctly understand the importance of disinfection, and only one-sided pursuit of reducing the cost of breeding, ignoring the disinfection work, leaving hidden dangers to the outbreak of the disease.

 

The temperature in summer is high. If the humidity in the chicken battery cages is large, the density of the flock is too large, and the ventilation is poor and the drinking water is insufficient, the chicken is prone to high temperature disease.

First, heat stroke

Young chicks are very sensitive to direct sunlight, especially young chicks that have just hatched for a few days, and are more prone to heat stroke during the hot summer months. The lack of drinking water equipment or drinking fountains is too small, the chicken house is small, surrounded by tall walls, around the chicken house or even the roof is closed by plastic film, which is the cause of heat stroke in young chicks and adult chickens.

Second, the production of thin shell eggs

When the temperature is as high as 32 ° C or above, the appetite decreases due to heat dissipation of the chicken. At the same time, the high temperature can make the chicken thyroid function disorder, the absorption of calcium is reduced, and it is easy to produce shellless eggs or thin shell eggs.

 For the above reasons, the following points should be noted in prevention and control:

1. Ensure ventilation and supply plenty of water; reduce the stocking density in summer and try to let the chicken rest.

2. For heatstroke sick chickens, first transfer to a cool and ventilated place, place the chicken legs in a cold water basin, use a needle to pierce the cocks or the inner blood vessels of the wings, and administer 10 ml of normal
saline. If the flock is difficult to transfer, ventilation should be strengthened, cold water should be poured on the outer wall and top of the chicken house, and the chicken should be fed with broken watermelon skin.

3. Add 2% eggshell powder and supplement a sufficient amount of vitamin D on the basis of the normal daily food intake of the laying hens.

Friday, 12 April 2019 09:10

How to Feed Chickens with medicine

 

In the process of raising chickens in poultry cages for sale, chickens will inevitably become sick. Scientific medicine can avoid costs and improve breeding efficiency. How to feed chickens?

 1, ,staged

Some diseases occur with specific time and conditions, and should be targeted according to the law.

2, timeliness

The opportunity to use drugs is crucial, and the disease should be used at an early stage. If the time is too long, it is often not effective.

3, accuracy

At present, there are many kinds of medicines, and there are many kinds of medicines for the same kind of diseases, but the effect will be different for a specific chicken group. Therefore, the drug susceptibility test should be done again, and the history of drug use and the experience of the breeder should be used.

4, choose a drug with high safety, so as to avoid the toxicity of some drugs, too strong side effects on the chicken body to produce a bad reaction.

5, the goal of medication is to reduce the growth of benefits, the choice of drugs should be based on economics as a basis for thinking. In the case of the same preventive effect, it is better to choose a drug that is cheaper and has no other disadvantages.

Chicks generally refer to chickens that were born less than 50 days old. Chicks have young bodies, incomplete development of body functions, sensitive nervous system, high sensitivity to external changes, incomplete intestinal development, and poor resistance, but chicks have the characteristics of strong metabolism and rapid growth. Objective factors such as the environment in which the chicks live and the equipment of the feed have a great impact on the growth and development of the chicks. In the actual production environment, the breeder should adopt appropriate breeding management techniques for the characteristics of the chicks to provide a good environment for the healthy growth of the chicks.

1. Selection of chick breeding grounds

The growth and development of chicks is closely related to their living environment. Therefore, the selection of breeding sites is crucial. Whether the chicks can grow healthily and vigorously, the quality of the breeding ground plays a vital role. The breeding ground should be chosen in a sunny place to ensure that the chicks can get to the sun and disinfect the body of the chicks. On the other hand, breeding grounds should not be chosen where the wind is too strong, otherwise the chicks are prone to illness. The breeding ground should also have the requirements of quietness, comfort and sanitation. In addition, in the cage of the chicken, there should be an activity room to ensure that the chicks can move normally and have enough space for exercise.

2. Feeding of chicks

Freshly shelled chicks have enough yolk for their nutrition in their own body. Therefore, it is not necessary to prematurely feed the chicks. Generally, the chicks are fed after 3 hours of full drinking. The correct choice of feeding time is of great significance for promoting the growth and development of chicks and improving the body's defense mechanism. Eating too late will increase the energy consumption of the chicks. If you start eating too early, it will increase the gastrointestinal burden of the chicks. In addition, in the feed preparation process of the chicks, the current use method should be adopted, and a little garlic juice can be added to the feed of the chicks to disinfect and sterilize.

There are many factors affecting the growth and development of chicks, such as genetics, nutrition, and environment. In the case of a small gap in the overall nutritional level of the farm, the farm environment has become the key to determining the success of the farm. Among the many environmental factors, the temperature, humidity, ventilation and lighting of the house are the most important, and it is the most difficult part of daily management. In order to save farming space and improve breeding efficiency, large-scale chicken farms usually adopt a caged approach. The level and location of the chicken battery cages are different, and the surrounding microenvironment (temperature, humidity, light, ventilation) will also vary.

1) Material: low carbon steel galvanized cold drawn steel wire, galvanized and delicate, corrosion resistant.

2) High-quality plastics can overcome the inflammation of the broiler's chest caused by the hard bottom of the cage.

3) Ample light, air circulation, and free drinking water.

4) It saves labor, materials, materials, management, observation, disinfection, decontamination, and easy operation.

5) Rugged, beautiful and easy to use, save space.