Layer Chicken Farms - Poultry Farming Strategies of Layers and Broilers
Friday, 07 December 2018 03:02

chicken house Construction Suggest

The construction of the chicken house is related to the breeding work of the chickens in the back. The scientific and reasonable chicken house can play a role in improving work efficiency and management convenience. Now I would like to
suggest the construction of the battery cage system for layer as follows:

layer chicken cage for ordinary window chicken houses

The chicken house has windows, which can use natural light and natural ventilation to save production costs. Generally, there is no mechanical ventilation device, and most of the brick and wood structure is used. The building form is
basically the same as that of common civil buildings, but it is often opened at both ends. Floor window and roof vent cap.
The construction cost of such a house is medium, and the environmental control efficiency is general. When the person controls the illumination, it is difficult to shorten the illumination time. Thorough disinfection is more difficult
and suitable for small-scale professional households.

Wednesday, 21 August 2019 09:11

Light management of chicken flocks

Light is an important environmental factor affecting chickens. It is necessary to know that suitable light can stimulate the secretion of sex hormones in hens, enhance the activity of ovaries and fallopian tubes, accelerate the formation and discharge of eggs, and the development of fallopian tubes, thereby improving the production capacity of hens. We should pay attention to these techniques when using chicken poultry cage equipment to raise chickens.

 


Do not reduce the lighting time during the laying period. The first time of adding light is 18 to 19 weeks old, and the light is generally started by the standard weight of 18 weeks old. For example, the standard weight of 18 weeks of age is 1.55 kilograms, that is, the light stimulation is started with the weight of 1.55 kilograms, but no later than the end of 19 weeks. The addition period is determined according to the weight of the chicken group, and it is generally preferred once a week. The time for adding light shall not exceed 1 hour, and the period of addition shall not be more than twice a week, nor less than two weeks. According to the light cycle to determine the duration of the light, generally the first two light stimulation is better, if the light is applied once a week, it is recommended to add light for the first two times, and then increase by half an hour every week until 14~16 hours; If you add twice a week, split the one-week addition time into two. The peak lighting time must not be less than 15 hours. The upper limit of the illumination time is 16 hours, and constant illumination is applied when the upper limit is reached.

 

Be sure to consider the consumption and increase of the flock before adding light. The increase in illumination is mainly due to the fact that the chicken population does not meet the standard and needs to stimulate the flock to feed, thereby increasing the weight of the chicken population. Lighting management must take into account the effects of natural light length and seasonal factors to develop a reasonable lighting program. When supplementing the light, the power supply should be stable, and the floor area should be about 3 watts per square meter.

 

 

 


Brooding period. Both chicks and broiler chickens are in a growing period. At this stage, light management should promote the healthy growth of chicks and have a high survival rate, but prevent hens from reaching sexual maturity prematurely. Chicks can grow well under low light intensity, but in order to make them eat and drink as early as possible, the first week of light can reach 12 hours per day, and the light intensity can be larger.

 


Breeding period (7-20 weeks old). The main purpose of light management is to control growth and development, and to achieve sexual maturity at the appropriate age. Premature sexual maturity, not only the egg weight is small at the time of opening, but also due to insufficient maturity, it will be discontinued shortly after the start of production, and then it will not be stable and high yield. From the stage of young chicks to 10 weeks of age, the length of light duration does not have much effect on sexual maturity, while the age of 10-18 weeks is critical.period. The lighting time is short during this time. Chickens raised in closed houses are completely artificially illuminated, and the duration and intensity of light can be controlled.

 

Laying period. The principle of light management during laying period is to enable hens to start production and reach a peak at the right time, giving full play to their egg production potential. Therefore, the illumination time should be long, and it should not be gradually shortened, and the illumination intensity should not be weakened. During the laying period, it is generally used with increasing or constant illumination, but not less than 14 to 17 hours of light per day. Laying hens are very sensitive to light hours. Generally, they start from 21 weeks of age, and give chickens 13 to 14 hours a day. After that, they increase by 30 minutes per week and increase to 17 hours to maintain the peak of egg production.

 

After determining the addition period, do not change it at will. In the process of adding light, if there is a large difference between the actual body weight and the standard body weight, the lightening interval can be appropriately extended, but it must not be longer than two weeks at the latest. From the beginning of the light to the peak of the egg production, it is generally better to stimulate it continuously for more than eight times. The light intensity should not be arbitrarily changed during the addition of light, which has an effect on the growth and development of the chicken in the automatic poultry farming cage.

 

 

In summer, the temperature is getting higher, and the chicken's condition will be affected as the temperature rises. For poorly broiled chickens, feed intake will drop significantly, greatly affecting chicken health and egg production. How to adopt a reasonable method in the summer and adjust feed nutrition so that the health of the chicken and bring more production is a topic of concern for many farmers.

 

The addition of oils and fats in feeds can change the palatability of feed, prolong the stay of feed in the digestive tract, and increase the feed intake and digestion and absorption of laying hens. When adjusting the feed formulation, the protein content should not be increased but rather reduced. The content in the feed should be increased accordingly in accordance with the reduction in dietary intake.

Because broilers grow fast, metabolism is high, and they are high-density breeding, as the chickens continue to grow, more and more fresh air is needed, and more feces are discharged, and the more harmful gases are produced. The more gases that are most harmful to chickens, the ammonia and hydrogen sulfide for battery cage system in poultry.

Ammonia is a colorless gas with a strong pungent odor. It has a small specific gravity and generally rises to the top in a warm house. However, since ammonia is produced on the ground and around the chicken, the content of the ground in the chicken house is also high, especially When the house is wet and poorly ventilated, the concentration of ammonia in the house is higher. Chicken is particularly sensitive to ammonia. Ammonia has a stimulating effect on the mucous membrane of chickens, which can cause mucosal congestion and edema of the conjunctiva and upper respiratory tract. Pathogens fly through the upper respiratory tract and lung infections to the chest and abdominal airbags, causing respiratory disease in chickens, and the feed intake is reduced, which not only affects the growth and development of chickens, but also reduces the resistance of chickens to diseases, chickens and diseases. The incidence of chicken venomosis is increased and the production performance is greatly reduced in battery cage for layers.

If the number of chickens raised by the farmers is large, then the cost of raising chickens will be high. For example, Chicken Breeding Equipment should be use, and chicken feed should be used. For better economic benefits, how many farmers can improve production performance. , reduce the cost of feeding?

 


Different breeds of chickens can be raised according to different stages, making full use of local cheap feed resources and self-preparing chicken feed, which can reduce feed costs. After all, the price of the feed itself is very expensive, and there is the economical use of chicken feed. Because of the use of the chicken cage, the structure of the chicken's trough should be reasonable. The upper edge of the trough should be edged and concave to prevent splashing of the feed. Use the trough should pay attention to adjust the height with the growth of the chicken, so that the trough is always 2 to 3 cm higher than the chicken back.

 

 

 


Chicken feed is less to feed, and can not be overfilled at one time. Otherwise, the chicken in the chicken cage will be wasted, which is also a waste of cost. Timely elimination of chickens of no value to reduce the cost of feeding, low yield and no laying hens, but also timely elimination. Pay attention to the prevention of disease management, improve the disease resistance of chickens, and reduce the cost of treatment. At the same time, do a good job in the hygiene of the feeding equipment, create a good growth for the chicken, and ensure stable production and high yield.

 

The most suitable temperature for chicken laying is 13 °C ~ 21 °C. If the house temperature is lower than 8 °C in winter, 1.5 kg of feed per 100 chickens per day, and the egg production rate is reduced. In summer, the climate is hot and the chickens eat less feed, but the egg production rate also drops. Therefore, adjusting the temperature inside the house is also important for reducing feed consumption. Keeping the feed and feed in a safe place is easy to cause mold. It is also a waste to purchase or formulate too much feed in one time and leave it for a long time, which will cause a decline in nutritional value. In addition, to prevent rats and birds from entering the poultry cage equipmentto steal feed.

 

 

These are some of the ways to reduce the cost of raising chickens, and hope to bring benefits to farmers. Increase farming efficiency

 

Don't ignore drinking water of chickens rearing in your chicken layer cage. Common water supply for sinks, the number of water additions is the same as the number of feeds; or sometimes the chickens are limited by the dung and the water is artificially limited, which is tantamount to the chickens. Water shortage seriously affects the digestion and absorption of other nutrients. Water is the cheapest among all nutrients, but it is also the source of life. Generally, the summer water ratio is 5-6:1, and the other seasons are 2-3:1 in battery cages for sale.

Thursday, 10 January 2019 03:21

Empty chicken house management

The chicken house should be cleaned up always, and the empty chicken house also need cleaned . After the chickens are transferred out, in order to provide a safe environment for the future chicken flocks and surrounding chicken flocks, the house must be empty for at least 20 days. Management of key links such as cleaning, rinsing and disinfection.

Clean the material tower, feed storage room and trough to avoid waste of feed, and clear the chicken manure from the chicken house to ensure the chicken manure treatment in the chicken house. Chicken manure outside the chicken house. First clean it in a bag, clean it, rinse the road with clean water, and finally spray disinfection.

Clean the drinking water system, power supply system, cages and other equipment and facilities; protect the electrical equipment control switches in the house. When arranging the house, try not to remove the facilities and items from the house. It should be arranged, washed and disinfected in the house. If the facility or item must be removed, strict cleaning and disinfection should be carried out before removal to prevent contamination of other areas.

The poultry cage equipment can be washed 2 to 3 days after the house is finished. In the process of rinsing, according to the principle of first, then, after, after, after and after, to ensure the rinsing effect and work efficiency, at the same time, it can also save costs. After rinsing and finishing, check the working effect. If the rinsing is unqualified, it should be re-rinsed immediately. And check again.

After the house is washed clean, the water pipes of each floor should be adjusted to the appropriate height, and all the equipment in the house (including feeding, ventilation, scraping, lighting, drinking water, temperature supply, etc.) should be thoroughly overhauled, all preparations Do it.

First of all, chicken can obtain higher economic benefits. Self-made feeds: At present, the prices of commercial compound feeds produced by the feed processing sector are relatively high. Farmers may purchase full set of chicken In order to reduce costs, it is best for farmers and chicken farmers to feed their own chicken. Use local produce or self-cultivated food and other agricultural and sideline products for food preparation and try to be as comprehensive as possible.

Secondly, purchase of finished feed and then re-preparation: In order to spend less to feed, you can buy a lower price of compound feed. However, due to its poor quality, in order to ensure the nutritional needs of chicken, you can add some homemade soybean cake, cottonseed cake, peanut cake and so on. You can also purchase more fish meal, blood meal, bone meal, amino acid, and other additives, and feed it evenly with the feed.

Thirdly, as the season changes, the feed intake of chickens will also change. In summer and autumn, where the temperature is higher, the feed intake of the chicken is reduced, and the protein feed and amino acid content of the diet should be appropriately increased. When the winter chickens are in season, the food intake will increase, the protein feed and amino acids in the diet should be reduced appropriately, and the amount of roughage should be increased appropriately to save costs.