Layer Chicken Farms - Poultry Farming Strategies of Layers and Broilers

Nowadays, there are more and more chicken farms using farming equipment. Because the use of automatic poultry farm equipment price in ghana can reduce labor and increase the economic income of farmers, then we ca n’t just use unmaintained equipment, which will shorten the life of the farming equipment. So how should we maintain the breeding equipment?

 

 

First of all, in order to ensure the service life of the equipment, users are required to regularly fill the transmission box transmission sprocket and gears with lubricating oil when they are used once a month; Lubricate the manure system and the central egg delivery system. Clean the egg transfer roller and the surface of the manure roller in time to prevent the accumulation of debris to swell the manure belt or break the roller shaft.

 

 

 


Farmers should timely clean up the impurities in the soft and broken egg collection trays in the farm. The ventilation system should be adjusted appropriately for side wall ventilation and roof ventilation according to the season. The laying hens of the lighting bulbs should always be kept clean, and the maintenance of layer chicken cages price in nigeria should not affect the light intensity.

 

 

The dung cleaning system of the layered laying hen cages has a unique structure. A vertical decontamination belt is set under each layer of chicken cages, so that the chicken dung of each layer of chickens will be scattered on the decontamination belt. Under the action of vertical flowing air, most of the water in the chicken faeces Outside the house, the water content of chicken manure is greatly reduced. When the manure is cleaned, because the manure removal belt is flat and smooth, the chicken manure removed from the house is granular. Such chicken manure can be sold directly to farmers or processed into compound fertilizers, which not only improves economic efficiency, but also avoids Environmental pollution. The chicken manure has been air-dried in layers in the house without fermentation, and each time it is cleaned up, the ammonia concentration in the house is extremely low, and the air in the house is fresh. Reduced incidence of disease.

Studies have shown that within a certain range, the content of some trace components in eggs is significantly affected by chicken feed. The content of nutrients varies, which affects the quality and size of the eggs.

Protein and amino acid levels in feed, protein intake is the main nutritional factor that affects egg size. Adjusting the protein level of the diet can change the size of the egg. Each one increase or decrease in dietary protein levels, such as from 16% to 17% or 15%, can increase or decrease the weight of the egg by approximately 1.2 grams. In practice, it is best not to increase or decrease the protein by more than 1 percentage point each time. Amino acid nutrition is the essence of protein nutrition.

The effect of dietary energy levels on egg weight is mainly through feed intake. If the daily energy intake of layer hens is lower than the lower limit of the above values, the egg production and egg weight will be affected, and thus affect the protein's Food intake (or protein savings) allows hens to have higher protein levels for maintenance, egg production and increased egg weight.

Essential fatty acids play an important role in the factors that affect egg weight. Linoleic acid is involved in fat metabolism, so it affects the size of the egg through its effect on the yolk.

Higher temperatures in summer can lead to reduced appetite and reduced feed intake. As a result, the metabolic capacity of the chicken in layer battery cage, the nutrient intake of protein, vitamins and minerals is seriously insufficient, resulting in a decline in production performance. Therefore, dietary formula must be adjusted to meet heat stress. To meet the nutritional needs of chickens.

 

The caloric content of various nutrients varies greatly during digestion. Protein produces the most heat, and fat produces the least amount of heat. In order to reduce the heat dissipation burden of the chicken, the crude protein level should be reduced as much as possible to ensure the essential amino acid content and amino acid balance. Avoid excessive protein and increase the proportion of fat feed by adding fat. Heat stress in laying hens leads to reduced feed intake, resulting in insufficient energy intake.

 

 

 

 


Adjust the paper feed mode and lighting time. In the summer, the temperature is higher at noon, the appetite of chicken is low, and the temperature is suitable in the morning and evening. Chicken has a strong sense of hunger. At this point, the feed stimulates appetite, increases feed intake, and has a lower peak heat production. Time, because the maximum heat production related to digestion is 3-5 hours after feeding, should be avoided after 9 am to meet the nutritional needs of chicken production or growth, improve its anti-stress ability, broilers can rest the lighting system at night , low light illumination for 1 hour, light off for 2-3 hours, and so on. Egg laying hens can turn on the lights around 1 am, let the chickens heat up, drink water and feed, and the chickens start laying eggs when they are bright, so as to avoid laying eggs at high temperatures at noon. And reduce heat stress. It is estimated that 80-90% of consumption is consumed when it is cool. For free-fed broilers, two feeds can be supplied at the same time, one material is normal, the other material has a low nutrient concentration, and the chicken can be selectively eaten as needed. Tests have shown that this method can improve weight gain and feed compensation. Reduce the cost of feeding and mortality of poultry farming equipment for sale.

 

 


During heat stress, 80% of body heat is dissipated by evaporation. Try to stimulate the chicken to drink plenty of water to ensure that the drinking water is adequate and cool. Since low temperature water can carry away more heat in the body, it can relieve heat stress and reduce heat stress. The adverse effects of heat stress on feed intake. However, drinking water must be hygienic, preferably deep well water. When the house is exposed to high temperature and high humidity (temperature exceeds 35 ° C, humidity exceeds 70%), the following measures should be taken to prevent acute death. Close the wet curtain and turn on all fans to remove moisture from the house. When the humidity exceeds 80%, the side windows and doors in the front half of the house should be opened immediately, so that the air inlet area is larger than twice the area of ​​the air outlet to achieve rapid dehumidification for poultry farm equipment suppliers.

The use of a full range of chicken equipment is becoming more and more popular in the chicken industry, and its advantages in the breeding process are becoming increasingly clear. Now, we will not introduce the advantages of the farmers in use. Today, we mainly bring farmers to understand some of the equipments included in the complete chicken equipment, so that farmers can know what to do when they purchase equipment. Easy to buy.

Chicken battery cage: Chicken battery cage is the most basic equipment in the complete chicken equipment is also a must. Whether it is raising broilers or laying hens, you need to buy them. When using cages, the amount of culture can be increased and the area of the house can be saved.

Manuring system: The manuring system mainly refers to the manure removal machine. The manure removal machine is divided into a scraper manure removal machine and a belt manure removal machine. Both types of manure removal equipment can clean the faeces in the house and reduce air pollution. When the farmer purchases, he can choose the appropriate type of manure removal machine according to his own feeding situation.

 

 

Feeding system: Poultry feeding equipment refers to the feeding machine. Farmers can feed the prepared feed with comprehensive nutritional value directly. The feeding machine can also control the feeding amount of the feed and ensure the chickens. The uniformity of the diet.

Ventilation and cooling system: The main ventilation and cooling system used in the house is the fan and the wet curtain. The scientific installation method uses the negative pressure to reduce the temperature inside the house. This will create a good living environment for the flock.

The egg-colletor: The egg-collector machine is mainly used in the equipment for breeding laying hens. The egg-collector machine can help the farmers to raise eggs, increase the number of eggs, and reduce the breakage rate of the eggs, thereby improving the economic benefits of the farmers.

The above is an introduction to the various equipment in the complete chicken equipment. I hope that through the introduction today, the farmers can provide some help for the equipment.

Because broilers grow fast, metabolism is high, and they are high-density breeding, as the chickens continue to grow, more and more fresh air is needed, and more feces are discharged, and the more harmful gases are produced. The more gases that are most harmful to chickens, the ammonia and hydrogen sulfide for battery cage system in poultry.

Ammonia is a colorless gas with a strong pungent odor. It has a small specific gravity and generally rises to the top in a warm house. However, since ammonia is produced on the ground and around the chicken, the content of the ground in the chicken house is also high, especially When the house is wet and poorly ventilated, the concentration of ammonia in the house is higher. Chicken is particularly sensitive to ammonia. Ammonia has a stimulating effect on the mucous membrane of chickens, which can cause mucosal congestion and edema of the conjunctiva and upper respiratory tract. Pathogens fly through the upper respiratory tract and lung infections to the chest and abdominal airbags, causing respiratory disease in chickens, and the feed intake is reduced, which not only affects the growth and development of chickens, but also reduces the resistance of chickens to diseases, chickens and diseases. The incidence of chicken venomosis is increased and the production performance is greatly reduced in battery cage for layers.

In the process of raising chickens, the temperature of the chicken battery cages is one of the important factors that can affect the health of the entire flock. Regardless of the type of chicken, the demand for temperature is very high, and a slight inadvertent disease can occur. The temperature required for different breeding stages of the flock is also different. Chicken farmers are required to breed according to this standard, and the flock can grow better and produce higher benefits. And the majority of chicken farmers can set the temperature from the performance of the flock, what is it?


1, group performance

The proper temperature is that the chickens are evacuated and even, the body is stretched, and some chickens breathe as evidence. If they are piled away from the heat source, the respiratory rate will increase, especially if the chest breathing is increased, and the temperature is too high; if it is near When the heat source is piled up and the respiratory rate is lowered, the temperature is too low. However, the premise of this testimony is that the humidity is appropriate and the flock is healthy. If these two premises are lacking, they cannot be fully referenced.

 

 


2, individual performance

If we enter the chicken cages for sale, we find that many chickens are stretched, and the neck hair is reversed, the head is tied down or the neck is lowered, and the pneumonia is caused by low humidity and high temperature. If the hand is under the wing and the abdomen is hot, then the relatively low temperature needs to be supplied. Conversely, if the hand feels cold and the legs are blue, it is necessary to provide a higher temperature.

 

When the temperature of the house is within the set temperature range, according to the temperature table of the chicken, normal ventilation should be carried out in the house to ensure that the air in the house is fresh. The proper temperature in the house can make the body better. Stretching, if you find that the flock is breathing too fast or too slow, there is a problem with raising the house. In addition, if the flock is low or the neck is stretched, the chicken farmers should pay attention. The temperature that is too high or too low will cause discomfort in the flock and pneumonia. In addition, the chickens can be removed and the cause of the disease can be found. The majority of the chicken farmers can judge according to the actual situation of their own breeding.

 

 

In the process of raising chickens, in addition to selecting reliable poultry equipment manufacturers. Experts believe that strengthening winter management is an important part of increasing egg production rate. Now let's talk about the management of chicken raising in winter.

 

In winter, the temperature is low, and the chicken consumes a lot of heat, so it is necessary to eat more feed. When the room temperature is lower than -5 °C, the chickens gather in a group, do not like activities, walk slowly, and the laying hens will also stop production. Below -10 ° C, the cockscomb will freeze. Other feeding and management conditions remain unchanged. If the room temperature can be raised to about 10 °C, the egg production rate can be increased. However, the room temperature is too high, and when the temperature difference between indoor and outdoor is very different, it is easy to cause a cold when the chicken is placed outside.

 

 

Therefore, the most suitable temperature in the room should be controlled at about 5 °C, so that the drinking water does not freeze, the chicken can disperse the activity, and the normal egg production is maintained. The method of heat preservation mainly makes the house tight, and there is no place for ventilation. It can also be densely fed and a windproof fence on the outside of the house and the playground. Thus, when the outdoor temperature is not lower than -30 ° C, the night temperature in the house can be maintained at 2 ° C - 3 ° C, 5 ° C - 7 ° C during the day, without burning fire for temperature. In areas where temperature is required, a fire wall can be built in the house to balance the temperature.

 

In winter, it is also important to keep the air fresh inside the house. Otherwise, due to lack of oxygen, it will affect the metabolism of the chicken and the egg production rate will decrease. Therefore, the vent should be opened frequently during the day. When the sun is sunny and the climate is warm, you can open the small window and then open the big window for ventilation. If the outdoor temperature is around 0 °C, the chicken can also be released from the house.

 

In winter, it is mainly based on house feeding, it is easy to accumulate manure, and the humidity in the house is high, which affects the health of the flock and the quality of the eggs. In order to keep the ground dry, a small amount of lime can be smeared when changing the grass.

 

In winter, not only should you pay attention to adequate nutrition, but also with a high-calorie grain feed. Long winter nights can increase the amount of feed when feeding the last pellets.

 

Drinking water should be kept warm, especially if you drink warm water in the morning to promote warming and promote exercise. In order to make the chickens exercise more, you can often feed the pellets in the sports field, or hang cabbage, radish, etc., so that the chickens can eat freely and run more. Conditional can be installed in the house to increase the light, one to warm, and the other to stimulate activities to promote egg production. Generally, the time between artificial lighting and daylighting is not less than 13 hours - 14 hours. Every other week, one-thousandth of potassium permanganate water is supplied in the morning, which can prevent chicken stomach and cornea from being ulcerated, and improve the rate of love and hatching.

For chicken farmers, the peak period of egg production will always be encountered at some stage of the year. Under normal circumstances, laying hens begin their pre-production period from the age of 16 weeks, and enter the peak of laying eggs at the age of 25 weeks. Whether the feeding and management status during the peak period of laying hens meets the requirements of chicken growth and egg production will have a great influence on the egg production during the entire production period. Therefore, for chicken farmers, it is very important to manage the layer chickens during production.

It is advisable to complete the laying of the laying hens before the age of 18 weeks in order to make the chickens familiar with the environment as soon as possible. In order to adapt to the increase of chicken body weight, growth of the reproductive system and the demand for calcium, the laying hens can be fed at the age of 18 weeks and the culmination at the age of 20 weeks. The most suitable temperature for laying hens is 13°C~23°C. In winter, it is better to keep above 10°C. In summer, it is better to keep below 30°C. Maintain indoor air circulation and prevent various noises. Keep the environment and feeding, drinking, lighting and other stability.