Layer Chicken Farms - Poultry Farming Strategies of Layers and Broilers
Thursday, 10 January 2019 03:21

Empty chicken house management

The chicken house should be cleaned up always, and the empty chicken house also need cleaned . After the chickens are transferred out, in order to provide a safe environment for the future chicken flocks and surrounding chicken flocks, the house must be empty for at least 20 days. Management of key links such as cleaning, rinsing and disinfection.

Clean the material tower, feed storage room and trough to avoid waste of feed, and clear the chicken manure from the chicken house to ensure the chicken manure treatment in the chicken house. Chicken manure outside the chicken house. First clean it in a bag, clean it, rinse the road with clean water, and finally spray disinfection.

Clean the drinking water system, power supply system, cages and other equipment and facilities; protect the electrical equipment control switches in the house. When arranging the house, try not to remove the facilities and items from the house. It should be arranged, washed and disinfected in the house. If the facility or item must be removed, strict cleaning and disinfection should be carried out before removal to prevent contamination of other areas.

The poultry cage equipment can be washed 2 to 3 days after the house is finished. In the process of rinsing, according to the principle of first, then, after, after, after and after, to ensure the rinsing effect and work efficiency, at the same time, it can also save costs. After rinsing and finishing, check the working effect. If the rinsing is unqualified, it should be re-rinsed immediately. And check again.

After the house is washed clean, the water pipes of each floor should be adjusted to the appropriate height, and all the equipment in the house (including feeding, ventilation, scraping, lighting, drinking water, temperature supply, etc.) should be thoroughly overhauled, all preparations Do it.

In the process of raising chickens, the temperature of the chicken battery cages is one of the important factors that can affect the health of the entire flock. Regardless of the type of chicken, the demand for temperature is very high, and a slight inadvertent disease can occur. The temperature required for different breeding stages of the flock is also different. Chicken farmers are required to breed according to this standard, and the flock can grow better and produce higher benefits. And the majority of chicken farmers can set the temperature from the performance of the flock, what is it?


1, group performance

The proper temperature is that the chickens are evacuated and even, the body is stretched, and some chickens breathe as evidence. If they are piled away from the heat source, the respiratory rate will increase, especially if the chest breathing is increased, and the temperature is too high; if it is near When the heat source is piled up and the respiratory rate is lowered, the temperature is too low. However, the premise of this testimony is that the humidity is appropriate and the flock is healthy. If these two premises are lacking, they cannot be fully referenced.

 

 


2, individual performance

If we enter the chicken cages for sale, we find that many chickens are stretched, and the neck hair is reversed, the head is tied down or the neck is lowered, and the pneumonia is caused by low humidity and high temperature. If the hand is under the wing and the abdomen is hot, then the relatively low temperature needs to be supplied. Conversely, if the hand feels cold and the legs are blue, it is necessary to provide a higher temperature.

 

When the temperature of the house is within the set temperature range, according to the temperature table of the chicken, normal ventilation should be carried out in the house to ensure that the air in the house is fresh. The proper temperature in the house can make the body better. Stretching, if you find that the flock is breathing too fast or too slow, there is a problem with raising the house. In addition, if the flock is low or the neck is stretched, the chicken farmers should pay attention. The temperature that is too high or too low will cause discomfort in the flock and pneumonia. In addition, the chickens can be removed and the cause of the disease can be found. The majority of the chicken farmers can judge according to the actual situation of their own breeding.

 

 

Thursday, 24 January 2019 08:49

Environmental management of chicken farms

1. The chicken battery cages are not connected to each other to avoid cross-infection between the chickens and the chickens.

 

2. The farther away from other chicken-raising units, the better, thus reducing the risk of disease transmission;

 

3. All the houses must be thoroughly cleaned with high-pressure faucets. All tools in the house, such as electric fans, brooms, etc., must be cleaned;

 

4. Ensure that chicken farm personnel are not in contact with the outside flocks;

 

 

5. All chicken houses must be disinfected with a broad-spectrum cleaning agent that kills important pathogens;

 

6. Actively take measures to control rats, flies and stray animals. Once a mouse is present, use rodenticide or use a rodent-proof house to clear and control it;

 

7. When chickens of different ages are raised in the same chicken farm, the care of the chicken must start with the healthiest chicken feathers (usually the smallest chicken). Workers are not allowed to return to the chicken house from the big chicken house until the clothes and boots have been properly cleaned and disinfected;

 

8. If the dead chicken is found, the chicken house should be taken out immediately and disposed of immediately;

 

9. Workers must always wear clean clothes and boots when entering the house. Those who have been in contact with the big chicken-type laying hen must take a bath before entering the chicken house to save the person;

 

10. Non-essential personnel are not allowed to enter the chicken farm. Visitors must abide by the above rules;

 

11. Vehicles outside are not allowed to enter unless they are cleaned and disinfected.

In the process of raising chickens in laying hens, the farmers know that the hens need reasonable illumination, and the natural light often does not achieve good results. Therefore, when the chickens are illuminated, they need to use artificial lighting equipment for artificial replenishment. Reasonable illumination is beneficial to the growth and production performance of laying hens, so it is a very important task. The author reminds farmers to pay attention to the following four points in addition to the time to light and the number of lighting equipment:

 

1. The chicken farming equipment illumination should be stable: the time for the average farmer to choose to supplement the light for the laying hens starts from the age of 19 weeks. When the light setting time is set, the light should be slowly increased from short to long, increasing by half an hour every week. It is appropriate. Farmers should pay attention to the fact that when the light is increased to 16 hours a day, it should be kept in stable light, and then the daily light can not be long and short. The best way is to add light every morning and evening.

 

 

2. The intensity should be suitable: the farmers should pay attention to the light intensity of the lighting equipment. For normal laying hens, the required light intensity is generally 2.7 watts, but the multi-layer culture mode of the egg cage culture, so the bottom layer The flocks are not easy to feel the light, so it should be improved when setting the light intensity, generally 3.3 to 3.5 watts per square meter.

 

3. The illuminance should be uniform: the farmers should pay attention when installing the lighting equipment. We suggested that the bulbs installed in the chicken houses of the farmers should be 40 to 60 watts, and then the height of the lamps should be set at about 2 meters. The distance between the bulbs is recommended to be about 3 meters. In addition, the farmer should pay attention to the fact that if your house needs to install more than two rows of bulbs, you should cross them so that the light is even, the distance between the wall and the wall. Should be half of the bulb spacing, should also pay attention to replace the broken bulb at any time, wipe the bulb once a week to maintain the proper brightness in the house.

 

4. It is advisable to use red light: there are many kinds of light colors in the lighting equipment. Farmers should pay attention to the different light colors of the lighting equipment when they choose, and the wavelengths are different. Tests have shown that hens under red light have higher egg production rates than hens under other light conditions when other conditions are the same, so it is recommended that farmers choose red light equipment.

Don't ignore drinking water of chickens rearing in your chicken layer cage. Common water supply for sinks, the number of water additions is the same as the number of feeds; or sometimes the chickens are limited by the dung and the water is artificially limited, which is tantamount to the chickens. Water shortage seriously affects the digestion and absorption of other nutrients. Water is the cheapest among all nutrients, but it is also the source of life. Generally, the summer water ratio is 5-6:1, and the other seasons are 2-3:1 in battery cages for sale.

The environmental factors in the chicken house are very important for the growth and production performance of the chicken in the chicken cage. In addition to the conditions of temperature and light, the humidity in the house is also a very important indicator of the house environment, and the humidity in the house is generally maintained. At 50-60%, too high humidity will affect the air in the house, and it is easy to breed some bacterial bacteria that cause the chicken to get sick in chicken battery cages .

 


Hazard of excessive humidity:

Excessive humidity in the house causes the decomposition of feces to produce more harmful gases, causing frequent respiratory diseases in the flock. The humid environment is prone to cause coccidiosis, especially on the ground, and the humidity in the hot season is too high, which makes the chicken house hot and humid, and the chickens are prone to heatstroke. The brooding period coincides with the high temperature, which causes the chicks to suffocate and the humidity in the house is high, which is extremely unfavorable to the growth and production performance of the chickens in poultry farm equipment cost in nigeria.

 

 

 


Take measures:

Reasonable selection of the site of the chicken house, it is necessary to choose a place where the terrain is high and dry, which is conducive to drainage, flood control, ventilation, and quiet environment. The house should be built to face the south, in order to facilitate the insulation and moisture. Strengthen ventilation and ventilation, under the premise of moderate insulation, ventilation should be strengthened to avoid the gathering of moisture in the house. Maintain proper breeding density, high stocking density, and crowded chickens are not conducive to moisture protection. In particular, chickens that are raised on the ground should pay attention to this.

 

Prevent water leakage from drinking utensils and find that water leakage from drinking utensils should be sealed or replaced according to specific conditions; timely remove and dry the leaking water on the ground of the chicken house to eliminate the unfavorable factors of water vapor formation. The above is the hazard of excessive humidity in the house, and the measures to prevent moisture. Of course, the humidity is too high, but if the humidity is too low, the chicks will be dehydrated, grow slowly, and will increase the dust content in the air. If the humidity is too Low, spray water can be used to achieve the appropriate humidity.

 

 

 

Nowadays, there are more and more chicken farms using farming equipment. Because the use of automatic poultry farm equipment price in ghana can reduce labor and increase the economic income of farmers, then we ca n’t just use unmaintained equipment, which will shorten the life of the farming equipment. So how should we maintain the breeding equipment?

 

 

First of all, in order to ensure the service life of the equipment, users are required to regularly fill the transmission box transmission sprocket and gears with lubricating oil when they are used once a month; Lubricate the manure system and the central egg delivery system. Clean the egg transfer roller and the surface of the manure roller in time to prevent the accumulation of debris to swell the manure belt or break the roller shaft.

 

 

 


Farmers should timely clean up the impurities in the soft and broken egg collection trays in the farm. The ventilation system should be adjusted appropriately for side wall ventilation and roof ventilation according to the season. The laying hens of the lighting bulbs should always be kept clean, and the maintenance of layer chicken cages price in nigeria should not affect the light intensity.

 

 

The dung cleaning system of the layered laying hen cages has a unique structure. A vertical decontamination belt is set under each layer of chicken cages, so that the chicken dung of each layer of chickens will be scattered on the decontamination belt. Under the action of vertical flowing air, most of the water in the chicken faeces Outside the house, the water content of chicken manure is greatly reduced. When the manure is cleaned, because the manure removal belt is flat and smooth, the chicken manure removed from the house is granular. Such chicken manure can be sold directly to farmers or processed into compound fertilizers, which not only improves economic efficiency, but also avoids Environmental pollution. The chicken manure has been air-dried in layers in the house without fermentation, and each time it is cleaned up, the ammonia concentration in the house is extremely low, and the air in the house is fresh. Reduced incidence of disease.

Under the premise of consistent species of laying hens and feed ingredients, the most important indicator affecting the efficiency of broiler breeders is the laying cycle, followed by the feed-to-egg ratio, and again the feed price, egg production rate, egg weight, and dead scouring rate.

Of course, these indicators are not completely isolated, but are interrelated. The effective way to increase the efficiency of laying hens should first be to prolong the laying cycle; second is to design a reasonable level of metabolic energy in order to reduce the ratio of feed to eggs and control feed unit price.

Strengthen feeding and management of your layer chicken cages for sale, reduce the incidence of laying hens The health of laying hens must focus on the laying period, because this period is the most important stage for laying hens to achieve a good economic benefit, and it is also a period when laying hens are susceptible to disease.