Layer Chicken Farms - Poultry Farming Strategies of Layers and Broilers

Farmers can choose the right brooding season in order to facilitate the grazing of ecological chickens. The best season of farming is in March to May, when the survival rate of brooding is high. By the middle chicken stage, due to suitable temperatures and long hours of outdoor activities, it can be fully exercised and exercised, resulting in strong physique, which is very beneficial to natural grazing, feeding and prevention of natural enemies in the future. Spring chicks are sexually mature and have long duration of egg production, especially chicks hatching in early spring.

Feeds on ecological chickens must be organic feed. Therefore, when planting ecological chicken feed ingredients, it must comply with the requirements of organic foods, and animal feeding supplements that are artificially supplemented must also comply with the standards for the production of organic foods. It is forbidden to add chemicals during the production of artificial feed to ensure the quality of ecological chickens. The quality of natural feeds depends on the natural environment. There are natural forages, mature fruit and various natural insects. Only ecological chickens have enough natural feed and nutrition to produce high-quality products with high nutritional value and nourishing properties.

In the process of raising chickens, the temperature of the chicken battery cages is one of the important factors that can affect the health of the entire flock. Regardless of the type of chicken, the demand for temperature is very high, and a slight inadvertent disease can occur. The temperature required for different breeding stages of the flock is also different. Chicken farmers are required to breed according to this standard, and the flock can grow better and produce higher benefits. And the majority of chicken farmers can set the temperature from the performance of the flock, what is it?


1, group performance

The proper temperature is that the chickens are evacuated and even, the body is stretched, and some chickens breathe as evidence. If they are piled away from the heat source, the respiratory rate will increase, especially if the chest breathing is increased, and the temperature is too high; if it is near When the heat source is piled up and the respiratory rate is lowered, the temperature is too low. However, the premise of this testimony is that the humidity is appropriate and the flock is healthy. If these two premises are lacking, they cannot be fully referenced.

 

 


2, individual performance

If we enter the chicken cages for sale, we find that many chickens are stretched, and the neck hair is reversed, the head is tied down or the neck is lowered, and the pneumonia is caused by low humidity and high temperature. If the hand is under the wing and the abdomen is hot, then the relatively low temperature needs to be supplied. Conversely, if the hand feels cold and the legs are blue, it is necessary to provide a higher temperature.

 

When the temperature of the house is within the set temperature range, according to the temperature table of the chicken, normal ventilation should be carried out in the house to ensure that the air in the house is fresh. The proper temperature in the house can make the body better. Stretching, if you find that the flock is breathing too fast or too slow, there is a problem with raising the house. In addition, if the flock is low or the neck is stretched, the chicken farmers should pay attention. The temperature that is too high or too low will cause discomfort in the flock and pneumonia. In addition, the chickens can be removed and the cause of the disease can be found. The majority of the chicken farmers can judge according to the actual situation of their own breeding.

 

 


Should buy some chicks with a higher survival rate and higher disease resistance and good production performance in chicken farm equipment.

To buy better quality feeds, it is better for chicks to grow and develop. There is also a scientific and rational allocation to avoid some diseases. If you use some poor quality feed, it will cause the chicken to become sick. The feed intake is reduced, and the egg production rate is relatively low. Regular use can cause chicken diarrhea, death, and reduced income.

 

 

First of all, we must first develop a scientific and rational immunization step, and fully investigate, so that it will be implemented faster, and we must choose a regular manufacturer to buy a vaccine. Remember to disinfect in time. For example, the disinfection of water lines and the disinfection of chicken farms, due to the frequent addition of some vitamins in the waterline, will cause the formation of pathogenic microorganisms inside the waterline to grow and multiply, resulting in drinking water pollution. Usually, you can use drugs suitable for drinking water disinfection, and disinfect the drinking water three times a month for 3 to 4 hours. Disinfection should be carried out by alternately selecting disinfectants of several different compositions to avoid drug resistance.

Keep the proper temperature in the chicken house. If the temperature is too high or too low, it will affect the egg production rate. In the summer, it is necessary to prevent the heat from cooling in the winter and strive to reduce the temperature. And reasonable lighting, suitable ventilation can adjust the indoor temperature, humidity, reduce the concentration of harmful gases, supplement the role of oxygen, increase the body resistance, reduce the incidence of respiratory diseases. Timely elimination of low-yield chickens and increase egg production rate.

Ventilation in the house is a daily and important thing, and now the chicken factory is a closed chicken house, so the farmers will use some ventilation chicken automated poultry equipment in nigeria to properly ventilate the chicken house, the chicken The harmful gases from the house are discharged, so that the flocks can breathe fresh air. How should the house be properly ventilated?

 


First, to ensure the tightness of the house: the premise of using the equipment for effective ventilation is that the tightness of the house is better, because only the closed house can use the equipment to let fresh air enter the house. Therefore, this requires farmers to pay attention to the inspection of the tightness of the house, for the poorly sealed house, to find the place where the air leakage is serious, especially the front and rear doors, the slab and the water curtain In other places, in addition to the high temperature period, the vertical ventilation system is mainly used, and the wet curtain cooling system is used.

 

 

 

Second, to ensure the matching of the chicken group demand and ventilation in the chicken house: the farmers will choose to use the chicken equipment fan equipment for equipment ventilation, and then use negative pressure ventilation to improve the wind speed inside the house and ensure the ventilation effect. When using longitudinal ventilation (especially when using a wet curtain), close the small windows of the house. If you open the small window, the wind speed will be unevenly distributed.

 

Third, the use of air inlets and water curtains should be matched with the fan: the number of fans and wet curtains for chicken equipment should match the house to obtain good ventilation and cooling effect. The size of the air inlet should be matched with the fan, the purpose is to make the chicken The ventilation is even and effective, and the static pressure inside the house is appropriate.

 

Fourth, create a suitable somatosensory temperature: farmers should pay attention to whether the ventilation management of the house is effective, whether the chicken is comfortable, not only the temperature displayed by the thermometer and the thermostat, must be judged according to the somatosensory temperature of the chicken and the performance of the flock : So farmers can go to the type H of bettery cage system to observe the flock and see how their mental state.

 

When using poultry farm cage to raise chickens in the farm, pay attention to many details. The water supply must be normal in the whole process of chicken feeding, no water leakage, no blockage, no pollution. This requires thorough cleaning of the water line before cleaning the chicken, wiping the cup, checking the nipple installation and water leakage. A simple leak phenomenon is not the result of management slack. This shows that we have fewer visits to and from the house, and the work in the house is not fine enough. If the water leaks too much on the ground, it will cause a chain reaction, which will increase the humidity in the house. Under high temperature, the chicken manure is mixed with the feed and fermented rapidly to produce a thick ammonia gas. Excessive concentration of ammonia will damage the respiratory mucosa of the chick, the respiratory tract. The mucous membrane is the first barrier against the invasion of foreign evils. Once damaged, the chicks are completely filled with pathogens, and the immune system is overwhelmed by a variety of pathogens. The end result is a mixed infection in poultry cage equipment.

 

The fully automatic material line saves labor and improves work efficiency, which does not mean that you no longer pay attention to the feeding problem. In the process of breeding, there must be no leakage, no material, no mold. For example, there is only one reason for the missing material problem, that is, the tray is not installed. If the breeder's work is done with enough care, check the number of times before loading, and fix the position probe after each expansion. The above problems will be solved. If the most basic water and materials in the house are insufficient, it can be imagined that other equipment in the house can operate smoothly.

 

 

 

 

 

Temperature, humidity and ventilation. Those who are engaged in farming know that temperature, humidity and ventilation are closely related and contradictory. Especially in the winter and spring seasons, the temperature is low, the humidity is relatively small, and at the same time, enough fresh air is supplied to the house. If the ventilation is too large, the temperature and humidity will decrease greatly; if the ventilation is too small, the air quality in the house will be poor. In summer, the temperature and humidity are too high, and it is often necessary to increase ventilation to reduce the humidity in the house and the somatosensory temperature of the chicken. As far as the current season is concerned, although it is a beautiful season for spring blossoms, the temperature difference between day and night is large, and there are many windy weathers. So how to adjust the fan and small window, adjust the temperature inside the house evenly, and the humidity and sufficient oxygen in the house. It has become a key task.

 


When the temperature is high during the day, ventilation can be increased, and the ventilation time is twice or even greater at night. Sufficient fresh air is clearly beneficial to alleviate the symptoms of respiratory diseases. In the evening, everyone eats and rests. When everyone is most relaxed, the temperature begins to decrease. At this time, the small window should be adjusted in time to prevent the cold air from being fully warmed up on the chicken. This way the chicken will only feel more comfortable and there is no feeling of quenching. In the windy weather, whether the small windows of the north and south walls have been adjusted accordingly to avoid inconsistent air intake in the north and south walls. Try your best to minimize stress, and the chicken will naturally not catch a cold. Stress is the source, and viruses such as colds are fueling the waves. When you have not responded in time, they will push the flocks to the abyss step by step.

 

Because broilers grow fast, metabolism is high, and they are high-density breeding, as the chickens continue to grow, more and more fresh air is needed, and more feces are discharged, and the more harmful gases are produced. The more gases that are most harmful to chickens, the ammonia and hydrogen sulfide for battery cage system in poultry.

Ammonia is a colorless gas with a strong pungent odor. It has a small specific gravity and generally rises to the top in a warm house. However, since ammonia is produced on the ground and around the chicken, the content of the ground in the chicken house is also high, especially When the house is wet and poorly ventilated, the concentration of ammonia in the house is higher. Chicken is particularly sensitive to ammonia. Ammonia has a stimulating effect on the mucous membrane of chickens, which can cause mucosal congestion and edema of the conjunctiva and upper respiratory tract. Pathogens fly through the upper respiratory tract and lung infections to the chest and abdominal airbags, causing respiratory disease in chickens, and the feed intake is reduced, which not only affects the growth and development of chickens, but also reduces the resistance of chickens to diseases, chickens and diseases. The incidence of chicken venomosis is increased and the production performance is greatly reduced in battery cage for layers.

Wednesday, 26 December 2018 03:03

Suggestions for building a chicken house

The chicken house has two types: open house (common house) and closed house.

The common form of open house is that there are walls on all sides, large windows on the south wall and small windows on the north wall. All or most of these houses are naturally ventilated and naturally lit, and the temperature and humidity in the house vary substantially with the seasons. Ventilation and lighting equipment is often required in this type of house to supplement the lack of ventilation and lighting under natural conditions.

Closed house is also known as a windowless house. The roof of the chicken house is well insulated from the four walls, and there is no window on all sides. The interior environment is adjusted by manual or instrument control. Artificial ventilation and light are used in the house to control the temperature, humidity and air composition of the house by changing the amount of ventilation.

So what are the structural requirements of the various parts of the house?

The foundation should be deep and strong. The floor of the chicken house should be 20~30 cm higher than the outside, moisture-proof, flat, easy to clean and disinfect.

The material with good thermal insulation effect is selected, and the heat insulation performance is good, which can protect poultry farming equipment.

Roof: In addition to the single-sloping roof of the chicken house with a small span, the double-slope type is generally used.

  •  Do not mix the feed water with porridge-like chicken. Thinners tend to dilute the digestive juices and reduce the activity of various digestive enzymes, resulting in incomplete feed digestion, poor nutrient absorption, and even indigestion, which greatly reduces feed utilization. Chickens are also prone to fat deposits because of their thinner skin, and their subcutaneous fat is too thick to cater to consumer preferences.
  • Try to use a free drinking fountain, or plastic cover drinking fountains, such as the use of plastic cover drinking fountains best hanging up, to the chicken can drink water is appropriate to ensure that the chicken has sufficient clean drinking water.

  • When the weather is hot, it can be fed in the morning and in the evening and it can improve the feed intake of chickens. Wet material can be used at noon, and the ratio of material to water is suitable for 1:0.5-2. The degree of opening is better. Generally, feeding dry materials in the morning and feeding wet materials at noon can stimulate chickens to eat more food.
  • When your chickens run into high temperature, you can add glucose and vitamin C to your drinking water, which can increase the energy lost due to lack of feed intake. It can also enhance the chicken's physique and anti-stress ability. It also has certain auxiliary treatment effects on high fever.