Chicken Farming Information for Chicken Breeds

① Production performance: The higher the production level, the greater the water requirement of the chicken. For example, adult chickens drink more water than chicks; among chickens of the same weight, young chickens develop water deficiency faster than adult chickens; laying hens drink more water than non-laying hens.

② Feed structure: Some feeds such as rye, bran and certain minerals such as table salt can cause chicken loose stools, so the water requirement increases. Excessive protein levels in the diet can increase drinking water. Because too much nitrogen in the chicken must be excreted from the kidney, and the chicken has the worst concentration of urine, it is necessary to increase the drainage to excrete more nitrogen, thereby increasing the water requirement. The increase of crude fiber content in the feed and the increase in the amount of feces in the chicken also increase the water requirement.

③ Ambient temperature: Under the production conditions of broiler cages, due to changes in the ambient temperature, the amount of water consumed by the chicken has changed significantly. High temperature (above 30℃) usually increases the amount of drinking water. When the ambient temperature increases by 1°C, the amount of drinking water can increase by about 7%; when the temperature is low (below 10°C or less), the amount of drinking water decreases. When the temperature of laying hens is increased from below 10℃ to above 30℃, the drinking water volume can be doubled. In addition, the temperature of drinking water can more affect the amount of water consumed by chickens. Chickens like to drink cold water instead of drinking water above ambient temperature, and refuse to drink water above 45℃.

④Water quality: When using broiler cages to raise chickens, chickens have strict requirements on water quality. There are fewer impurities in the water, and the pH is between 6.0-8.5. If there are more impurities in the water, especially when the water contains more soluble minerals, it will cause the chicken's palatability to the water to be reduced, thereby reducing the amount of drinking water. In addition, the use of certain drugs in water can also reduce the amount of water consumed by chickens. Therefore, chickens should be given fresh, cool and clean drinking water.

Published in Broiler Feeding System

The summer weather is hot, and the egg production rate will drop, especially after entering the sky, so the farmers need to do the following management to ensure the egg production rate of the laying hens in summer.

Feeding management points

1. Pay attention to the weather forecast, pay attention to the high temperature and high humidity weather, especially after the rain, the higher humidity will cause the wet curtain to cool down and increase the heat stress.

2. Reduce the density of chicken battery cage feeding. Appropriately reduce the number of replenishment, timely eliminate residual, weak, sick chicks, expand the group as early as possible, reduce the stocking density.
3. Adjust the feeding time. After 2-4 hours of feeding, the heat production increases, so high temperature weather avoids feeding during high temperature period, and feeding time avoids high temperature period, preferably before 8 am and after 5 pm. Pay attention to the mildew and deterioration of the feed to prevent poisoning or intestinal diseases, daily cleansing and limiting light once.

4. Strengthen night ventilation and cool down. Conducive to the chickens to dissipate the heat during the day, increase feed intake.

5. Adjust the waterline in time to ensure sufficient clean drinking water. In high temperature weather, the chickens need a large amount of water to ensure that the chickens have sufficient water, and the lower drinking water temperature can lower the body temperature.

6. Timely supplement electrolytes and vitamins. The flock has a large amount of respiration, and at the same time, it has a large amount of drinking water, which is easy to cause imbalance of the acid-base balance. At this time, the electrolyte should be replenished in time; at the same time, the compound vitamin is supplemented to improve the body's ability to resist heat stress.

7. Reduce the stocking density. Laying hens are particularly afraid of heat. In summer, people should reduce the stocking density of chickens in time according to the rising temperature. The density of flocks should be based on ambient temperature, humidity and the type of house. In the hot summer, reducing the stocking density can effectively reduce the small ambient temperature in the house, which is of great significance in production practice. When captive laying hens enter the summer, it is advisable to raise 5 per square meter; after entering the volts, it can be reduced to 4 per square meter.

The above points are the advantages of raising chickens in poultry battery cages described by the author. Generally, the breeding quantity is less than 1,000. It is best for farmers to use flat or free-range breeding. This breeding method is the most cost-effective and can quickly return to cost. If the breeding volume is more than 3,000 or more, then the author recommends the use of layer chicken cages, which is convenient and labor-saving.


Published in Layer Chicken Farms