Broiler Feeding System - Poultry Farming Strategies of Layers and Broilers

Using broiler battery cages to raising chicken is very convenient because it reduces the burden on most farmers, but it also places higher demands on farmers. Chicken living in cages also need to be managed. Some people will have some related problems. Today we will discuss the problems that should be paid attention to when raising broiler chicken with automatic breeding equipment.

  1. Matters needing attention in temperature

(1) Place the thermometer reasonably

In standardized chicken house breeding, the length and width of the chicken house are relatively large, and the temperature in the east, west, or north and south of the chicken house is inconsistent. Attention should be paid to the reasonable placement of thermometers. One thermometer should be placed in the east, middle, and west of the poultry chicken cages. Get the average temperature in the chicken house.

(2) Measures that change with the seasons

Need to cool down in summer. Breeders can use wet curtains and fans to reduce the temperature in the chicken house. At the same time, you should pay attention to the opening time of the wet curtain, to avoid the temperature in the chicken house is too low or the temperature in the chicken house is inconsistent, causing chickens to catch a cold.

 Temperature control in autumn. Because of the large temperature difference between day and night in autumn, the temperature in the chicken house should be adjusted to avoid the phenomenon of high and low temperature.

 In winter, heat preservation can be used to increase the temperature in the chicken house through heating or a blower.

  1. Pay attention to the problem of density

Pay attention to the density of broilers in cages. Actually, pay attention to the different feed intake of each cage chicken, adjust the number of chickens in each cage and achieve even feed intake.

  1. Matters needing attention in immunization

Raising broiler chicken in battery cages usually adopt drinking water immunization methods during immunization. When immunizing, attention should be paid to the vaccine dosage and drinking time. The drinking time should not be too long. Too long can easily reduce the efficiency of vaccine immunity.

Thursday, 18 April 2019 07:23

Broiler feeding management points of spring

1. Disinfection

The chicks are thoroughly cleaned and disinfected 5 days before entering the site, avoiding corrosive disinfectant such as caustic soda to prevent equipment damage, then fumigation with formaldehyde, and sealing the doors and windows. After 24 hours, the window is ventilated. Personnel must be strictly disinfected to avoid destroying the disinfection effect. The trough and drinking fountains are cleaned and disinfected. After the chicks arrive, the ground is cleaned every day to reduce the stimulation of the respiratory tract by dust and chicken fluff, and the chickens should be disinfected every other day. Several disinfectants can be used alternately, and the vaccination period should be avoided for more than 24 hours.

2. Temperature

There is a temperature difference between the three-layer chicken battery cages in the upper, middle and lower layers, and the lower the outdoor temperature, the greater the temperature difference. Brooding is generally at the highest level, because the highest temperature is the highest, which is conducive to saving heat. The chicks enter the field on the first day, the temperature is controlled at 33 ~ 34 ° C, but also according to the state of the chicks to adjust the temperature. When the temperature is suitable, the flocks are evenly distributed, active and active, and the appetite is strong; when the temperature is low, the neck is constricted and concentrated to the heat source. Squeeze each other, the body trembles; when the temperature is too high, the amount of drinking water increases, the appetite decreases, the breathing speeds up, and the neck feathers are soaked. In the first week, the temperature dropped to 30~C, and then decreased by 2°C every week. The density of three-dimensional culture was large, which was 1~2°C lower than the flattening temperature. It should avoid the heat stress and the food intake decreased.

 

 

3. Grouping

Three-dimensional cultured broiler chickens use the whole sports chicks. When the chicks are too dense, they should be grouped in time to ensure that the chicks are evenly weighted. The first group is usually 12 to 16 days old, and the group is too early. Because the body size is too small, it is easy to grow in the cage gap. Drilling also wastes space and wastes energy. The second grouping, at 25 to 28 days of age, adopts the principle of “remaining weak and not staying strong” when grouping, and the important young chicks are placed in the lower layer, and the weak chicks are left behind. In summer, due to high temperature, it can be properly caged in advance. In winter, due to the large temperature difference between the upper and lower layers of the cage, the poultry battery cages time can be appropriately postponed, and one more in the lower cage to reduce the temperature difference between the upper and lower layers.

4. Ventilation

The key to successful aquaculture is ventilation, reasonable ventilation, elimination of harmful gases, temperature control, and reduction of ascites, chronic respiratory diseases and colibacillosis. The density of the three-dimensional farming unit is large, so ventilation is more important. Within 24 hours after entering the farm, the chicks can be ventilated due to the large space of the whole sports. As the age of the chicken increases, the ventilation volume is gradually increased, and the position and size of the air inlet are adjusted. Day, night, cloudy, sunny, spring, summer, autumn and winter. It is necessary to constantly adjust in a timely manner to achieve the feeling of no smell, no glare, no oxygen deficiency and more comfort in the house, to create a good growth space for the chickens, enhance the body's disease resistance and reduce the occurrence of diseases.

With chicken market increasingly competitive, and farmers modernization consciousness gradually improve, more and more farmers to standardization, scale breeding mode, build the henhouse chicken farming became the caged equipment now farmers choose mode of breeding, so farmers in the building of the hen house should be how to build?

1. Site selection: avoid intensive farming areas with better water quality.

2. Feeding mode: cage raising in two stages: "raising young" and "laying eggs".

3. Chicken battery cages construction: it is recommended to raise 15,000 to 20,000 chickens per chicken coop, adopt closed chicken coop and broiler cage feeding equipment, cement floor, wall white cement batch white, automatic drinking water, feeding, ventilation, manure cleaning, etc.

First, the overall layout of the chicken farm:

1. General principles: from the perspective of facilitating epidemic prevention and organizational production. The divisional layout of the field area is the production area, office area, living area, auxiliary production area, and sewage treatment area.

2. Arrangement principle: According to the dominant wind direction, the topography and the flow direction are the living area, office area, auxiliary production area, production area and sewage treatment area. If the terrain is inconsistent with the wind direction, the dominant wind direction is dominant.


Second, the layout of the chicken farm: the overall plan should consider the factors such as the orientation of the chicken house, the spacing of the house, the road, sewage, fire prevention and epidemic prevention. The recommended design of 100,000 large-scale chicken farms is recommended to be arranged in 6 single or double row chicken houses. The single chicken house is 16,000 closed chicken houses. It is equipped with four rows of four aisles and three-tiered ladder cages. Curtains, ventilated windows, mechanical cleaning, mechanical feeding and automatic lighting, automatic drinking water system.

1. Single-roof house orientation: It adopts east-west or east-north (or west) 15 degrees, which is conducive to improving the winter temperature and avoiding summer solar radiation, using the dominant wind direction to improve the ventilation conditions of the house.

2. Chicken house spacing: two types of single-row houses and double-row houses. The spacing of the chicken houses is 10 to 20 meters for brooding and 10 to 15 meters for laying hens.

3. Chicken farm road: The chicken farm road is divided into two types: clean road and dirty road. The clean road is used for transporting feed, chicken and eggs in the field. The dirt is used to transport manure, dead chicken and sick chicken. The two must not be used interchangeably.

 

 

In many cases, because farmers do not properly grasp the knowledge of scientific feeding and management of chicken farms, it is easy to cause the early death of chicken farms, thus affecting the survival rate of chicks and further affecting the ultimate chicken efficiency. How do you scientifically avoid the early death of a chick when raising in poultry cages for sale.  

Drinking water must be timely: especially after long-distance transportation of chicks, be sure to drink water in time, otherwise it will cause dehydration. Take a free drinking method and drink 5% of sugar water for the first time.

The temperature should be appropriate. The chicks are sensitive to temperature and maintain a 35-32 reduction trend within 1-3 weeks after hatching, increasing with age, and decreasing 2-3 times per week thereafter.

The density should be appropriate. if the brood density is too high, there will be more harmful gases in the house, and it will produce worms; the brood density is too small, the brooding area and equipment are not fully utilized, resulting in waste. The average density for flat raising is 20 per square meter, and 40-50 per square meter for cage raising.

Saturday, 29 December 2018 02:23

Precautions for automatic feeders

The production and use of automatic feeders greatly solve the problems of large and medium-sized farmers who are difficult to feed the chickens in chicken battery cages, have a long time and labor intensity, and effectively improve the work efficiency. Then the automatic feeder should pay attention to the use. What are the matters?

What are the precautions for using the automatic feeder?

First, pay attention to timely inspection. The inspection is divided into three parts: the top of the feeder, the belt, and the motor. The automatic feeding machine can not place heavy objects on the top, and check whether the belt is loose. The main part of the feeding machine is the motor and the geared motor. Therefore, pay special attention to whether the motor has abnormal conditions, and if necessary, handle it in time.


Second, we must pay attention to clean up. Because the dust will be generated during the operation of the feeder due to the production of feed, if the dust remains on the machine, it will cause dust in the control box of the feeder, which may eventually lead to short circuit and affect the machine. Therefore, when using, remember to regularly clean the feeder.

Third, keep the lubrication between the feeders. If there is no lubrication between the gear chains, the components inside the feeder will wear out, which will affect the working effect and efficiency.

The number and size of broiler chickens raised in broiler battery cages is growing at an alarming rate. The density of cultivation per unit area is large, and the management level of the breeders is higher than that of the net culture. In fact, no matter what farming mode and breeding conditions, we manage. The primary task is to manage the chickens so that the chickens have a comfortable living environment so that the chickens do not get sick or get sick.

 

1. Strict control of temperature, ventilation and humidity

Appropriate temperature, light and good ventilation are especially important for the growth of caged broilers. Therefore, in the actual feeding process, it must be strictly controlled. About temperature control. The demand for temperature varies during the different stages of broiler growth. Generally speaking, before brooding, it is necessary to keep warm in advance, and raise the temperature in the house to 26 °C; in the brooding period, the method of high temperature brooding is adopted, and the temperature usually needs to be controlled at about 33 °C, and then it is lowered by 0.5 per week.

 

Control about ventilation. During the brooding period, because the temperature in the house is relatively stable, we usually realize the ventilation and ventilation in the house by controlling the opening and closing of the fan. About the control of humidity. The humidity control in the brooding period is preferably 60-65%. Increasing the humidity in the house can be achieved by placing several water-filled basins in the house and increasing the humidity in the house by evaporation. Increase the humidity inside the house. It is not recommended to sprinkle water on the ground or install nozzles to increase the humidity in the house. The humidity in the breeding house should be kept at 40-60%, and the suitable humidity is conducive to the normal growth of broilers.

Humidity should not be too high or too low. If the humidity is too low, it will cause dehydration of broilers, poor growth of feathers, dry skin, and dust in the air, which may easily induce respiratory diseases. If the humidity is too high in summer, it will cause the evaporation and heat dissipation of the chicken body to be blocked, the feed intake will decrease, the drinking water will increase, and cause heatstroke. If the humidity is too high in winter, the chicken body will lose heat too much, the feed intake will increase, and the feed consumption will increase. This leads to an increase in the ratio of meat to meat and increases the cost of farming.


 
2. Do a good job of cleaning and disinfecting caged houses

The cleaning and disinfection of the chicken house and the chicken battery cages should be thorough, without leaving a dead angle. In particular, it is recommended that the caged broiler has a high breeding density. It is recommended to use spray or fumigation to disinfect. When disinfecting, pay attention to the use of disinfectant. Strictly control the dosage of the disinfectant. In addition, after the disinfection is completed, it is necessary to open the doors and windows in time, and do a good job of ventilation.


 
3. Equipment use

Large and medium-sized chicken farms have advanced equipment, but with advanced equipment, it is not always possible to raise chickens. With the scale and automation, the failure of farming is not uncommon. The key lies in the organic of people and equipment. In combination, the operator must not only be familiar with the principle of the equipment, but also observe it carefully. Because the temperature of the thermostat and the temperature of the house have a certain error, the error value should be adjusted to the minimum, so that the temperature of the house can be adjusted. The temperature at which the chicken is most suitable for growth. In addition, the operator must be proficient in the use of the equipment and the feeding procedures of the chicken at various stages, and can promptly discover and repair the failure of the equipment. Once the equipment is used improperly or the equipment fails, it will Caused huge economic losses.

 

 

 

For broiler breeding, most farmers now use broiler cages for breeding. The use of broiler chicken cages to raise chickens is more conducive to the management of the chickens by the farmers, and it is also more conducive to the rapid growth of the chickens. However, if the farmers do not use scientific and reasonable breeding methods to raise chickens, it will be difficult for the chickens to grow well. Today, I will give a detailed account of several key breeding points that farmers should pay attention to when using broiler cages to raise chickens.

1. Group the chickens

When the three-dimensional broiler cages are used to raise chickens, they usually use whole sports chicks. When the density of chicks is too large, group them in a timely manner to ensure that the weight of the chicks is even. The first grouping is usually 12-16 days old. The grouping is too early. It is easy to drill through the gaps in the growing cage, and it will cause a waste of space and energy. The second grouping, at 25-28 days of age, this time grouping should place the heavier healthy parts in the lower layer, leaving the weak young. In summer, because the temperature is too high, grouping can be carried out in advance. In winter, the temperature is cold and the temperature difference between the upper and lower cages is large. You can appropriately delay the time of cage division, and put one more in the lower cage to reduce the temperature difference between the upper and lower cages.

2. Control of temperature

When the temperature outside the chicken house is lower, the temperature difference between each layer is greater. Under normal circumstances, brooding are placed on the highest level, because the highest level has a higher temperature, which is conducive to saving heat. On the first day the chicks enter the farm, the temperature should be controlled at 33-34°C, which can also be adjusted according to the state of the chicks. When the temperature is right, the chickens are evenly distributed, lively, and have a strong appetite. When the temperature becomes low, shrink the neck and bow back and concentrate on the heat source. Squeezing each other, their bodies tremble. When the temperature is too high, water consumption increases, appetite decreases, breathing speeds up, and there is water in neck feathers. In the first week, the temperature dropped to 30°C, and then dropped by 2°C every week thereafter. The use of chicken cages to raise chickens has a high density, which is 1 to 2°C lower than the normal temperature. It is necessary to avoid the phenomenon of heat stress in the flock that causes a decrease in feed intake.

3. Disinfect the chicken house

   The chicken house should be thoroughly cleaned and disinfected 5 days before the chicks are put into the house. Here, the farmers need to pay attention to avoid using caustic soda and other corrosive disinfectants for disinfection. After the chicks are in the house, the ground is cleaned every day, and the chickens are disinfected every other day.

4. Drinking water for chickens

   After the chicks are placed in the house, it is necessary to ensure that they can drink clean and sanitary water within 2 hours. For the first time the chicks drink water, use warm water at 25°C, add 5% glucose and 0.1% vitamin C to the water, and rinse the drinking fountain frequently. Drinking water should not be interrupted throughout the brooding period. From the second day of brooding, add drugs to prevent pullorum in the drinking water.

The above is the summary to the farmers today, in the process of using broiler feeding cages to raise chickens in Uganda, the main points for the management of chicken flocks. I hope that through today's description, farmers can pay more attention to these points in their future breeding work.

For major chicken farmers who use Fully automatic poultry farming equipment for chicken, the disinfection of chickens is an indispensable part of the breeding process. Reasonable disinfection can reduce the prevalence of chickens and strengthen the environmental sanitation of the chicken coop. How to disinfect chickens? , What are the steps of disinfection? Broiler cage manufacturer Dajia Machinery summarized the key steps of disinfection of chickens, and now I will share them with farmers.

 

Cleaning the chicken house: Before disinfection, in order to achieve a better disinfection effect, farmers need to clean the chicken house first, because cleaning can clean the dust, feces, residual feed and other dirt on the surface of the chicken house. It can kill the dirt and bacterial pathogenic microorganisms in the deeper part of the chicken house during disinfection, and achieve a better disinfection effect.

 

The second step of disinfection is to wash the chicken house: For farmers who disinfect the empty chicken house, they should also pay attention to washing the chicken house after cleaning the chicken house. This is to clean the chicken house thoroughly and use the disinfectant solution. To play a good effect, thoroughly scrubbing the chicken house can ensure the effectiveness of the disinfectant. Therefore, after the dirt on the ground is soaked and softened in water, it should be scrubbed with a hard brush. It is better to use a power spray pump to scrub it at high pressure.

 

 

 

 

The third step of disinfection is to wait for the chicken house to dry: if the chicken house of the farmer is washed, it cannot be disinfected immediately. You need to put the chicken house aside for a few days and wait for it to be disinfected after drying. Otherwise, disinfect with water. Who will dilute it and fail to achieve a good disinfection effect.

 

 The fourth step of disinfection is to prepare disinfectant drugs: there are many methods of disinfection. After the farmers choose the disinfection method, they must prepare the disinfectant drugs according to the proportions in the disinfectant instructions.

 

The fifth step of disinfection: disinfection: After the above work is completed, the farmers will start disinfection. When disinfecting, pay attention to the comprehensiveness of disinfection, and cover all corners of the chicken house, such as the roof, ceiling, walls, and fixings. Facilities, grounds, etc. must be properly disinfected so that better results can be achieved. Be careful not to miss the blocked parts.

 

The above is the steps of how to disinfect chicken raised by broiler cage manufacturers for farmers. I hope that the above description can bring some help to farmers.