Broiler Feeding System - Poultry Farming Strategies of Layers and Broilers
Friday, 25 October 2019 06:53

Broiler Breeding Technology in Chicken Farm

More and more farmers are beginning to develop the breeding industry. Large-scale breeding of chickens requires the use of Poultry Rearing Equipment, such as broiler cages, dung removal equipment and feeding equipment. However, in addition to these breeding equipment, if you want to raise chickens well and bring economic benefits to yourself, you still need certain breeding technology. The following are the key points of broiler breeding technology.


First of all, large-scale farming requires a farm. We need to know where is the best place for chicken farm construction. The selection of chicken farm site is directly related to the epidemic prevention status and economic benefits of chicken farms. According to the size of the breeding scale and the resource conditions, it is necessary to have a clear view of the convenient transportation of the chicken coop, sufficient water resources and guarantee the power supply. Electricity is required for lighting, water supply, temperature supply, ventilation, etc. in the chicken farm, so the chicken farm requires sufficient power supply. Environmental conditions are good and there is room for development.




Chicken coops are places where chickens live healthily. When building chicken coops, attention should be paid to the performance of heat preservation, heat insulation, ventilation and lighting, moisture prevention, ease of production and operation, disinfection and epidemic prevention, etc. At present, there are many types of buildings in chicken coops, which can be divided into two categories: open type and closed type according to different building structures and performances. Closed henhouse is also called windowless henhouse, because it is relatively closed to the outside world, has the function of temperature isolation and shading, and can adjust and control the internal environment of the henhouse. It has greater advantages than open henhouse, but it has high cost and large infrastructure investment.


Broilers for meat are more suitable for high-density feeding, and the feeding amount depends on the effective feeding area of the chicken house and the appropriate feeding density in battery cage for chickens. However, in actual production, the amount of breeding is restricted by many factors. The first is the number of breeders, the second is the feed supply capacity and the source of chickens, and the third is the area of chicken houses. Under the condition that there is no problem with the first two, the feeding amount depends on the area of the chicken coop.


There are two types of ventilation in chicken coops: mechanical ventilation and natural ventilation. There are mainly two types of mechanical ventilation in closed chicken coops, namely, horizontal ventilation and vertical ventilation. These are the key points of raising chickens in the poultry house, hoping to help farmers build a suitable chicken farm.


Nowadays, automatic chicken raising equipment are emerging in endlessly. Many farmers will rely on some automatic chicken raising equipment to raise broilers to improve work efficiency and reduce labor intensity. Although chicken raising techniques and methods have improved, many farmers still cannot get good benefits. In order to help the majority of farmers improve their scientific management level and achieve better economic benefits, let’s discuss some things that need to be paid attention to when using automatic breeding equipment to raise chickens.

  • Choose the automatic chicken raising equipment that suits you: Among the modern chicken breeding equipment, the types of automatic chicken raising equipment include: automatic feeding machine, automatic manure cleaning machine, automatic egg picker, fan wet curtain, automatic drinking water equipment, etc. Commonly  automatic chicken raising equipment, farmers can choose the required automatic chicken raising equipment according to their actual needs and capital budget to assist in raising chickens, and improve the efficiency of chicken raising.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       
  • Learn to operate modern automatic chicken farming equipment: it is a relatively large-scale mechanized equipment that requires operation and maintenance. Therefore, whether it is operated by the farmers themselves or by the staff, they must pay attention to learning the correct operation method. Different equipment operation methods are It is not the same. Only reasonable and scientific operation can ensure the good effect and efficiency of the equipment, and can guarantee the life of use, and also pay attention to regular maintenance and maintenance of the automatic chicken breeding equipment, so that the problem can be found in time Timely solution these problems can guarantee and extend the service life of the equipment.
  • Maintain the environment of the chicken house: the chicken coop is well maintained, and the chicken flock can reduce the occurrence of diseases. Because the chicken house has chicken flocks and some automatic chicken raising equipment, there will be a lot of manure, feed, dust, ammonia and other pollution. The existence of materials and harmful gases will seriously affect the health of the chicken flock. Therefore, if you want to ensure the sanitary environment of the chicken house, it is necessary to clean, disinfect and ventilate frequently. If you do these three points, you can maintain the hygiene of the chicken house.

The main points of how to raise chickens using chicken raising equipment are described for the majority of farmers. It is also a few tasks that farmers need to pay attention to in the process of raising chickens. I hope that the above description can help the majority of farmers to raise chickens in a scientific and reasonable manner. Improve economic efficiency!


Broiler cage equipment and caged chicken equipment are directly related to the efficiency of the farmers. Many chicken farmers' brooding, rearing and layer houses are out of proportion. And they do not meet the requirements. The rearing area is often too small, the rearing density is too large, and the feed and drinking troughs are not enough. It can be said that this is a common problem common to chicken farmers, and it is also one of the important factors affecting the economic benefits of laying hens. There are also chicken farmers who raise more chickens, use fewer houses or have no extra houses for chickens. Putting the chicks into cages prematurely is unfavorable to the growth and development of the young and will eventually affect the laying performance of the hens. For laying hens, the harvest is after the hens start to produce.

The equipment for raising chickens is inferior and mismatched. The equipment for raising chicks, brooding chickens and laying hens has specifications and ratio requirements. The equipment should be matched to facilitate the normal growth and development of the chicken group and reasonable turnover, and give full play to the utilization and operation rate of the equipment, so that the depreciation expenses allocated to each hen or each kilogram of eggs can be more reasonable, thereby reducing Cost of production. 




Nowadays, laying hens are mostly raised in cages, and chicken cages are indispensable equipment, and chicken farmers generally pay more attention to it. However, they lack the ability to discern the quality of chicken coops, and tend to be low-priced when they are purchased. Cage is a place for hens to live, produce and sleep. Its quality cannot be ignored. The quality of the bottom of the cage, the width and slope of the cage are especially important. Another common problem worth noting is that chickens are not installed in cages. When the brood survival rate is high, the number of surviving hens exceeds the budgeted transfer number, or the hens that are too light are reluctant to eliminate hens that are too light. In this case, they are often overloaded. According to statistics, when the number of hens per cage increased to 5, 22.5% of the hens died before 305 days of age. According to the production report statistics accumulated by the author over the years, the egg production rate of chicken flocks whose cage density exceeds the prescribed standard is 5% to 15% lower than that of normal chicken flocks.

Therefore, the purchase agency can not only talk about cheapness, but needs to consider quality first

In the process of developing poultry farming projects in broiler chicken cages, it is hoped that the nutrients contained in each feed that chickens eat are balanced. Otherwise, the flock will suffer from malnutrition, nutrient deficiency or poisoning. Therefore, the feeding formula of the chickens in the automatic broiler cage can be stirred evenly to meet the nutritional needs of the chickens.


There are two methods of feed mechanical mixing and manual mixing. As long as it is used properly, satisfactory results can be obtained.


  1. The broiler cage feed is mechanically mixed, using a broiler cage mixer. Commonly used broiler cage mixers are vertical and horizontal.


The vertical mixer is suitable for mixing powdered feed with a water content of less than 14%. If the water content is too high, it is difficult to mix evenly. This kind of broiler cage mixer requires small power and is easy to maintain, but the mixing time is long (generally 10-20 minutes per batch), which is suitable for chicken farmers and small chicken farms.


The horizontal mixer can mix the broiler cage feed evenly in areas with relatively humid climates or when strong viscous ingredients (such as grease) are added to the feed. The machine has a short mixing time, 3-4 minutes per batch, and is mainly used in some feed processing plants. No matter what kind of broiler cage mixer is used, in order to stir evenly, the charging amount must be appropriate. Too much or too little charging cannot be uniform. Generally, 60%-80% of the capacity is suitable for charging. The mixing time is also an important factor related to the mixing quality. The mixing time is too short, but it is not the longer the better. If the mixing is too long, the feed will be mixed evenly and then cause stratification due to excessive mixing.



  1. Manual mixing is the main method of feed mixing when raising chickens at home.


When mixing, be careful and patient to prevent some trace ingredients from clumping and agglomerating. Uneven mixing will affect the feeding effect.


When manually mixing chickens in battery cages for broiler, special attention should be paid to some trace components that account for a small proportion in the diet but will seriously affect the feeding effect. Such as salt and various additives. If the mixing is not uniform, the feeding effect will be affected in the light, and the chickens will be poisoned or even die in serious cases.


For such trace components, the broiler cage feed must be fully crushed when mixing, and there should be no agglomeration. The agglomerates may be poisoned after being eaten by the chickens. Secondly, due to the small amount of such ingredients, they cannot be directly added to bulk feed for mixing, but should be pre-mixed.


The method is: take 10%-20% of the concentrate (which is a large proportion of energy feed, such as corn) as a carrier, and stack it in addition, and press the feed of the next shovel on the feed put down by the previous shovel, that is, go all the way to the feed. The feed is placed on the top, and the feed flows around the center point to form a cone, so that various broiler cage feeds have the opportunity to mix. Repeat this 3-4 times to achieve the purpose of mixing evenly, and the premix is ​​ready. This premix is ​​then added to the whole feed and mixed 3-4 times in the same way to achieve the purpose.

The efficient breeding of broilers can not be separated from the rich chicken breeding experience of broiler farmers, but also can not be separated from the scientific use of broiler breeding techniques, and the efficient feeding of broilers is an important guarantee for the success of broiler breeding.

Insist on the advanced breeding method to leave the ground chicken, can be raised on a net bed. The nets are raised flatly, and the meshes are of a moderate size, so that chicken eyes can't leak through the mesh, and chicken droppings can be leaked. You can make or purchase a commercially available plastic net bed. As a result of leaving the ground, the pathogen has lost a breeding hotbed and can effectively control the occurrence and spread of chicken coccidiosis and ferret disease. The implementation of off-site feeding is mainly used to prevent ground infection, convenient and feasible, and strong operability.

Wednesday, 26 December 2018 06:45

What are the advantages of broiler cages?

Experiments show that the technical advantage of commercial broiler cages is significantly better than the flat to raise. Not only can increase the number of breeding, improve production performance, save production costs, bring significant economic benefits to farmers, but also save land resources, reduce environmental pollution, improve product quality, and create huge social benefits.


In recent years, a more advanced broiler breeding model, broiler cages, is quietly emerging. What advantages does broiler cages have?


The advantages of broiler cages are:


1. High level of automation: automatic feeding, drinking water, decontamination, wet curtain cooling, centralized management, automatic control, energy saving, reduced labor costs, greatly improving the breeding efficiency of farmers.

2. chicken flock prevention, effective prevention of infectious diseases: chickens do not touch the feces, can make the chickens grow stronger, provide a clean and warm growing environment for the chickens, the chickens are healthy and balanced.

3. Compared with the flat raise, the density of the stock is increased by more than 3 times, the utilization rate of the surface area of ??the house is improved, and the land can be saved.

4. Saving feed: meat cages increase the growth rate and feed conversion rate, chickens are kept in cages, the amount of exercise is reduced, energy consumption is less, and waste materials are reduced. According to the experiment, cage cultivation can effectively save more than 25% of the cost of farming. The ratio of feed to meat in net or flat chicken is generally between 1.75 and 1.8:1, while the ratio of caged meat to meat is at least 1.61:1 and the highest is 1.7:1.

5. Reduce the cost of medicines, at the same time can effectively control the occurrence of the disease, because the chicken does not touch the feces, and the use of closed houses, isolated from the outside, reduce the spread of disease; indoor comfortable environment is also suitable for the healthy growth of chicken.

6. Save time: It is convenient for breeding users to manage livestock and poultry, saving more time to deal with other things; using a fully enclosed and fully automated farming mode, two people can manage a chicken house with 3-4 million chickens, which is very economical. Artificial.

Therefore, on the whole, the advantages of cage farming benefit are more and more obvious. In the previous model of land raising and net broiler chicken, the profit of broiler farming was less and less, and many large-scale farming or group with funds, even small-scale Farmers have changed their own chicken houses into cages to further increase the scale and land utilization rate, and improve the breeding efficiency through scale effect.

How to raise broilers for moving chicken sheds? With the occurrence of irresistible factors from time to time, the use of the original fixed chicken house is often prone to significant economic losses. In order to avoid the limitations of the fixed chicken house, mobile chicken sheds have emerged in recent years. This kind of house construction can not only To meet the needs of farmers breeding chickens, the key to it can make up for the lack of fixed chicken house, easy to move.

The so-called mobile chicken shed is actually an easy-to-remove, easy-to-move hut built with bamboo, wood, and thin-film materials. The construction of the shed can be made on the spot: a bamboo or wood strip is used to build a length of 8 meters, a width of 1.2 meters, and a height of 2.2. The frame of the rice, with a door in the middle, a door with a width of 0.8 meters (without leaving windows on both sides), and using an old nylon net or fishnet to enclose and fix it around and at the top and covered with a thick black film. The floor of the chicken shed is laid with bamboo or branches at centimeter intervals, and then the bottom is raised with a brick to a height of 10-15 cm, and the moving chicken shed can be put into use. Each chicken shed should be placed on a grassy slope that is sheltered from the wind, has a flat surface, and does not accumulate water. It is best to use woods or orchards. Grasses are planted and sprinkled with sand.

In early spring, it is easy to bring discomfort to the chickens in the broiler farms. At this time, the farmers must pay special attention to the rearing and management of the chickens in the broiler farms, and master the necessary broiler breeding techniques to achieve the guarantee of broiler farms. The healthy development of the broilers can lead you a bright feature.

The chickens should ensure that they can drink water within 2 hours after entering the house. For some weak seedlings, artificial drinking can be used to make them drink water. The purpose is to let the chicks learn to drink as soon as possible. The first time the chicks use water at 25°C, add 5% dextrose and 0.1% vitamin C to the water. The waterer should be washed frequently. During the entire brooding period, the drinking water should not be interrupted. From the second day of the brooding, the drinking water should be added. drug.