Broiler Feeding System - Poultry Farming Strategies of Layers and Broilers

In many cases, because farmers do not properly grasp the knowledge of scientific feeding and management of chicken farms, it is easy to cause the early death of chicken farms, thus affecting the survival rate of chicks and further affecting the ultimate chicken efficiency. How do you scientifically avoid the early death of a chick when raising in poultry cages for sale.  

Drinking water must be timely: especially after long-distance transportation of chicks, be sure to drink water in time, otherwise it will cause dehydration. Take a free drinking method and drink 5% of sugar water for the first time.

The temperature should be appropriate. The chicks are sensitive to temperature and maintain a 35-32 reduction trend within 1-3 weeks after hatching, increasing with age, and decreasing 2-3 times per week thereafter.

The density should be appropriate. if the brood density is too high, there will be more harmful gases in the house, and it will produce worms; the brood density is too small, the brooding area and equipment are not fully utilized, resulting in waste. The average density for flat raising is 20 per square meter, and 40-50 per square meter for cage raising.

星期四, 18 4月 2019 07:23

Broiler feeding management points of spring

1. Disinfection

The chicks are thoroughly cleaned and disinfected 5 days before entering the site, avoiding corrosive disinfectant such as caustic soda to prevent equipment damage, then fumigation with formaldehyde, and sealing the doors and windows. After 24 hours, the window is ventilated. Personnel must be strictly disinfected to avoid destroying the disinfection effect. The trough and drinking fountains are cleaned and disinfected. After the chicks arrive, the ground is cleaned every day to reduce the stimulation of the respiratory tract by dust and chicken fluff, and the chickens should be disinfected every other day. Several disinfectants can be used alternately, and the vaccination period should be avoided for more than 24 hours.

2. Temperature

There is a temperature difference between the three-layer chicken battery cages in the upper, middle and lower layers, and the lower the outdoor temperature, the greater the temperature difference. Brooding is generally at the highest level, because the highest temperature is the highest, which is conducive to saving heat. The chicks enter the field on the first day, the temperature is controlled at 33 ~ 34 ° C, but also according to the state of the chicks to adjust the temperature. When the temperature is suitable, the flocks are evenly distributed, active and active, and the appetite is strong; when the temperature is low, the neck is constricted and concentrated to the heat source. Squeeze each other, the body trembles; when the temperature is too high, the amount of drinking water increases, the appetite decreases, the breathing speeds up, and the neck feathers are soaked. In the first week, the temperature dropped to 30~C, and then decreased by 2°C every week. The density of three-dimensional culture was large, which was 1~2°C lower than the flattening temperature. It should avoid the heat stress and the food intake decreased.

 

 

3. Grouping

Three-dimensional cultured broiler chickens use the whole sports chicks. When the chicks are too dense, they should be grouped in time to ensure that the chicks are evenly weighted. The first group is usually 12 to 16 days old, and the group is too early. Because the body size is too small, it is easy to grow in the cage gap. Drilling also wastes space and wastes energy. The second grouping, at 25 to 28 days of age, adopts the principle of “remaining weak and not staying strong” when grouping, and the important young chicks are placed in the lower layer, and the weak chicks are left behind. In summer, due to high temperature, it can be properly caged in advance. In winter, due to the large temperature difference between the upper and lower layers of the cage, the poultry battery cages time can be appropriately postponed, and one more in the lower cage to reduce the temperature difference between the upper and lower layers.

4. Ventilation

The key to successful aquaculture is ventilation, reasonable ventilation, elimination of harmful gases, temperature control, and reduction of ascites, chronic respiratory diseases and colibacillosis. The density of the three-dimensional farming unit is large, so ventilation is more important. Within 24 hours after entering the farm, the chicks can be ventilated due to the large space of the whole sports. As the age of the chicken increases, the ventilation volume is gradually increased, and the position and size of the air inlet are adjusted. Day, night, cloudy, sunny, spring, summer, autumn and winter. It is necessary to constantly adjust in a timely manner to achieve the feeling of no smell, no glare, no oxygen deficiency and more comfort in the house, to create a good growth space for the chickens, enhance the body's disease resistance and reduce the occurrence of diseases.

星期六, 29 12月 2018 02:23

Precautions for automatic feeders

The production and use of automatic feeders greatly solve the problems of large and medium-sized farmers who are difficult to feed the chickens in chicken battery cages, have a long time and labor intensity, and effectively improve the work efficiency. Then the automatic feeder should pay attention to the use. What are the matters?

What are the precautions for using the automatic feeder?

First, pay attention to timely inspection. The inspection is divided into three parts: the top of the feeder, the belt, and the motor. The automatic feeding machine can not place heavy objects on the top, and check whether the belt is loose. The main part of the feeding machine is the motor and the geared motor. Therefore, pay special attention to whether the motor has abnormal conditions, and if necessary, handle it in time.


Second, we must pay attention to clean up. Because the dust will be generated during the operation of the feeder due to the production of feed, if the dust remains on the machine, it will cause dust in the control box of the feeder, which may eventually lead to short circuit and affect the machine. Therefore, when using, remember to regularly clean the feeder.

Third, keep the lubrication between the feeders. If there is no lubrication between the gear chains, the components inside the feeder will wear out, which will affect the working effect and efficiency.

星期五, 22 6月 2018 02:13

The Breeding Density of Broilers

Farming baby chickens for baroilers adopts a combination of whole-house brooding and upper cage brooding. The number of broods per cage is only 25, and there is no problem of crowding. The rearing density of caged broiler chickens is related to the season. The summer stocking density is low, and the winter stocking density can be appropriately increased. Generally, 8-9 pigs are fed in each cage.

Under the conditions of adopting ground litter and keeping the animals online, chickens should be divided into several small groups within the house. The number of chickens per group should be between 200 and 300. When divided into groups, they should be weighed according to their size, physical strength, and public health. The mother carries on, the individual characteristic in each small group must be basically similar. The characteristics of individuals in the group are similar, which is conducive to the even development of the group and helps to increase the survival rate of the chicks.

Many farmers are purchasing broiler cages. Pay attention to some purchase matters.

 

First of all, we must know the distance between the iron bars of the broiler cage. This is very important for broiler cages. A reasonable spacing is 2.5cm*5cm. Some farmers may think that the size of the broiler chickens is relatively large, and the spacing can be increased. This idea is wrong. Conditional farmers can also lay a plastic net on the bottom of the broiler cage that is consistent with the cage eye. This can not only buffer the strength of the eggs hitting the net and reduce the rate of broken eggs, but also prevent some diseases.

 

The design angle of the bottom of the broiler cage. The angle of the broiler cage must be accurate. The egg cannot be rolled out in time at a small angle, and it is trampled by the chicken. A large angle may cause the egg to break, and the general angle is maintained at seven to eight degrees.

 

 

 

 

Pay attention to the connection between the broiler cage and the bottom of the cage net. I must remind you that there are farmers, and you can't leave a big gap here. Because there are more eggs here. You must pay attention to this detail when buying a broiler cage.

 

The choice of materials for the chicken cage is very particular. It is necessary to choose suitable and tough materials. The diameter of the iron wire at the bottom of the cage is about 2 mm. The egg breaking rate is very small. The larger the diameter of the iron wire, the easier it is to cause broken eggs.

 

Due to the high density of broiler cages, it is not conducive to observe the situation in the flock. Especially in the brooding period, it is more obvious, so it is necessary to carefully observe the cage around the cage carefully. Prevent the abnormal situation in the flock from being discovered and dealt with in time. When the chicks are just transferred to the rearing cage. Due to the new environment, the chickens will be temporarily uneasy. The chickens that ran out of the cage should be caught in the cage in time, and the chickens should be carefully checked for damage and whether all the chickens can drink water in time.

 

In addition, in daily management, we should carefully observe the chickens every time, and be well aware of the chickens’ feeding, drinking, feces, mental state, etc., timely prevent diseases, strengthen management, and reduce economic losses.These are the precautions for purchasing broiler cages in Nigeria

The number and size of broiler chickens raised in broiler battery cages is growing at an alarming rate. The density of cultivation per unit area is large, and the management level of the breeders is higher than that of the net culture. In fact, no matter what farming mode and breeding conditions, we manage. The primary task is to manage the chickens so that the chickens have a comfortable living environment so that the chickens do not get sick or get sick.

 

1. Strict control of temperature, ventilation and humidity

Appropriate temperature, light and good ventilation are especially important for the growth of caged broilers. Therefore, in the actual feeding process, it must be strictly controlled. About temperature control. The demand for temperature varies during the different stages of broiler growth. Generally speaking, before brooding, it is necessary to keep warm in advance, and raise the temperature in the house to 26 °C; in the brooding period, the method of high temperature brooding is adopted, and the temperature usually needs to be controlled at about 33 °C, and then it is lowered by 0.5 per week.

 

Control about ventilation. During the brooding period, because the temperature in the house is relatively stable, we usually realize the ventilation and ventilation in the house by controlling the opening and closing of the fan. About the control of humidity. The humidity control in the brooding period is preferably 60-65%. Increasing the humidity in the house can be achieved by placing several water-filled basins in the house and increasing the humidity in the house by evaporation. Increase the humidity inside the house. It is not recommended to sprinkle water on the ground or install nozzles to increase the humidity in the house. The humidity in the breeding house should be kept at 40-60%, and the suitable humidity is conducive to the normal growth of broilers.

Humidity should not be too high or too low. If the humidity is too low, it will cause dehydration of broilers, poor growth of feathers, dry skin, and dust in the air, which may easily induce respiratory diseases. If the humidity is too high in summer, it will cause the evaporation and heat dissipation of the chicken body to be blocked, the feed intake will decrease, the drinking water will increase, and cause heatstroke. If the humidity is too high in winter, the chicken body will lose heat too much, the feed intake will increase, and the feed consumption will increase. This leads to an increase in the ratio of meat to meat and increases the cost of farming.


 
2. Do a good job of cleaning and disinfecting caged houses

The cleaning and disinfection of the chicken house and the chicken battery cages should be thorough, without leaving a dead angle. In particular, it is recommended that the caged broiler has a high breeding density. It is recommended to use spray or fumigation to disinfect. When disinfecting, pay attention to the use of disinfectant. Strictly control the dosage of the disinfectant. In addition, after the disinfection is completed, it is necessary to open the doors and windows in time, and do a good job of ventilation.


 
3. Equipment use

Large and medium-sized chicken farms have advanced equipment, but with advanced equipment, it is not always possible to raise chickens. With the scale and automation, the failure of farming is not uncommon. The key lies in the organic of people and equipment. In combination, the operator must not only be familiar with the principle of the equipment, but also observe it carefully. Because the temperature of the thermostat and the temperature of the house have a certain error, the error value should be adjusted to the minimum, so that the temperature of the house can be adjusted. The temperature at which the chicken is most suitable for growth. In addition, the operator must be proficient in the use of the equipment and the feeding procedures of the chicken at various stages, and can promptly discover and repair the failure of the equipment. Once the equipment is used improperly or the equipment fails, it will Caused huge economic losses.

 

 

 

In early spring, it is easy to bring discomfort to the chickens in the broiler farms. At this time, the farmers must pay special attention to the rearing and management of the chickens in the broiler farms, and master the necessary broiler breeding techniques to achieve the guarantee of broiler farms. The healthy development of the broilers can lead you a bright feature.

The chickens should ensure that they can drink water within 2 hours after entering the house. For some weak seedlings, artificial drinking can be used to make them drink water. The purpose is to let the chicks learn to drink as soon as possible. The first time the chicks use water at 25°C, add 5% dextrose and 0.1% vitamin C to the water. The waterer should be washed frequently. During the entire brooding period, the drinking water should not be interrupted. From the second day of the brooding, the drinking water should be added. drug.

While broiler breeding equipment is convenient for breeding, there are also sanitation issues that need to be paid attention to. A good chicken house environment provides a better living space for chickens. This is also conducive to the healthy growth of chickens.

 

The first is to clean the chicken coop. Cleaning the chicken house requires removing the feces and debris inside and outside the chicken house. The feed that the chickens have not eaten in the trough also needs to be cleaned out. Then clean the trough with water.

 

Next, the chicken farmers must carry out an all-round cleaning of the chicken house. Poultry chicken cages, chicken manure board and other equipment and ceiling, chicken coop floor. Note that farmers must protect live equipment before cleaning to avoid accidents.

 

 

The third step. Equipment that can be moved should be removed from the house for disinfection. Expose it in the sun and put it back into the chicken coop one by one.

 

Fourth, the most common disinfection method used by farmers is to spray chemicals. This is the best way to eliminate pathogens in the chicken house. Farmers should pay attention to all aspects when spraying.

 

After the above steps are completed. Farmers can open all the entrances and exits and vents of the chicken coop. Let the chicken house ventilate for about ten days. The bacteria are further eliminated by keeping the chicken coop dry.

 

The above are the methods and precautions for disinfection of the shared chicken coop.