Broiler Feeding System - Poultry Farming Strategies of Layers and Broilers

In the process of developing poultry farming projects in broiler chicken cages, it is hoped that the nutrients contained in each feed that chickens eat are balanced. Otherwise, the flock will suffer from malnutrition, nutrient deficiency or poisoning. Therefore, the feeding formula of the chickens in the automatic broiler cage can be stirred evenly to meet the nutritional needs of the chickens.

 

There are two methods of feed mechanical mixing and manual mixing. As long as it is used properly, satisfactory results can be obtained.

 

  1. The broiler cage feed is mechanically mixed, using a broiler cage mixer. Commonly used broiler cage mixers are vertical and horizontal.

 

The vertical mixer is suitable for mixing powdered feed with a water content of less than 14%. If the water content is too high, it is difficult to mix evenly. This kind of broiler cage mixer requires small power and is easy to maintain, but the mixing time is long (generally 10-20 minutes per batch), which is suitable for chicken farmers and small chicken farms.

 

The horizontal mixer can mix the broiler cage feed evenly in areas with relatively humid climates or when strong viscous ingredients (such as grease) are added to the feed. The machine has a short mixing time, 3-4 minutes per batch, and is mainly used in some feed processing plants. No matter what kind of broiler cage mixer is used, in order to stir evenly, the charging amount must be appropriate. Too much or too little charging cannot be uniform. Generally, 60%-80% of the capacity is suitable for charging. The mixing time is also an important factor related to the mixing quality. The mixing time is too short, but it is not the longer the better. If the mixing is too long, the feed will be mixed evenly and then cause stratification due to excessive mixing.

 

 

  1. Manual mixing is the main method of feed mixing when raising chickens at home.

 

When mixing, be careful and patient to prevent some trace ingredients from clumping and agglomerating. Uneven mixing will affect the feeding effect.

 

When manually mixing chickens in battery cages for broiler, special attention should be paid to some trace components that account for a small proportion in the diet but will seriously affect the feeding effect. Such as salt and various additives. If the mixing is not uniform, the feeding effect will be affected in the light, and the chickens will be poisoned or even die in serious cases.

 

For such trace components, the broiler cage feed must be fully crushed when mixing, and there should be no agglomeration. The agglomerates may be poisoned after being eaten by the chickens. Secondly, due to the small amount of such ingredients, they cannot be directly added to bulk feed for mixing, but should be pre-mixed.

 

The method is: take 10%-20% of the concentrate (which is a large proportion of energy feed, such as corn) as a carrier, and stack it in addition, and press the feed of the next shovel on the feed put down by the previous shovel, that is, go all the way to the feed. The feed is placed on the top, and the feed flows around the center point to form a cone, so that various broiler cage feeds have the opportunity to mix. Repeat this 3-4 times to achieve the purpose of mixing evenly, and the premix is ​​ready. This premix is ​​then added to the whole feed and mixed 3-4 times in the same way to achieve the purpose.

In many cases, because farmers do not properly grasp the knowledge of scientific feeding and management of chicken farms, it is easy to cause the early death of chicken farms, thus affecting the survival rate of chicks and further affecting the ultimate chicken efficiency. How do you scientifically avoid the early death of a chick when raising in poultry cages for sale.  

Drinking water must be timely: especially after long-distance transportation of chicks, be sure to drink water in time, otherwise it will cause dehydration. Take a free drinking method and drink 5% of sugar water for the first time.

The temperature should be appropriate. The chicks are sensitive to temperature and maintain a 35-32 reduction trend within 1-3 weeks after hatching, increasing with age, and decreasing 2-3 times per week thereafter.

The density should be appropriate. if the brood density is too high, there will be more harmful gases in the house, and it will produce worms; the brood density is too small, the brooding area and equipment are not fully utilized, resulting in waste. The average density for flat raising is 20 per square meter, and 40-50 per square meter for cage raising.

Friday, 22 June 2018 02:13

The Breeding Density of Broilers

Farming baby chickens for baroilers adopts a combination of whole-house brooding and upper cage brooding. The number of broods per cage is only 25, and there is no problem of crowding. The rearing density of caged broiler chickens is related to the season. The summer stocking density is low, and the winter stocking density can be appropriately increased. Generally, 8-9 pigs are fed in each cage.

Under the conditions of adopting ground litter and keeping the animals online, chickens should be divided into several small groups within the house. The number of chickens per group should be between 200 and 300. When divided into groups, they should be weighed according to their size, physical strength, and public health. The mother carries on, the individual characteristic in each small group must be basically similar. The characteristics of individuals in the group are similar, which is conducive to the even development of the group and helps to increase the survival rate of the chicks.

Wednesday, 04 September 2019 10:43

Reasons for dyspepsia in chicken houses

Nowadays, most farmers raise broiler chickens by using battery cage for broilers. It is convenient and quick to use automatic feeding equipment, and it also saves feed waste. But now, as the summer is about to pass, the autumn will follow, and the rain will be wet. Sometimes there will be a state of indigestion. In fact, there are many factors to consider for this problem.

 

Feed mold infection, mycotoxins can cause digestive diseases such as oral cavity, intestinal tract, causing indigestion, mycotoxin contamination including feeding mildewed feed, and pollution in processing, transportation and storage. Due to the hot weather, the oil is corrupted due to improper preservation, causing broilers to cause glandular gastritis, muscle erosion and enteritis. Free radicals or reactive oxygen molecules produced by fatty acids can affect their immunity, slow down growth, cause poor pigmentation and cause enteritis. Excessive fat addition can cause lubricative diarrhea.

 

 


The nutritional requirements of broilers are relatively high in chicken battery cages . The low content of crude fiber in the feed will result in unbalanced nutrition and excessive crude fiber, resulting in large feed intake of broilers and confusion of gastrointestinal function, which may also cause indigestion. Insufficient energy in the feed The broiler is eating for energy, not enough energy, increasing the feed intake of the broiler, causing other nutrients not directly absorbed and directly excreted, thereby causing indigestion.


It is necessary to know that broilers grow fast, especially the growth of internal organs is 35 days ago; because of the low anti-stress ability of broilers, the environmental requirements are higher. There is no regularity in broiler cage feeding, overeating, or stressing the chicken, or causing the chicken to experience low temperatures at a constant temperature, which can cause indigestion. 60% of broiler chickens are made of water, so there must be sufficient drinking water to meet the needs of the chickens, while some farmers do not pay attention to drinking water sanitation, drinking polluted water or degraded water, causing chicken indigestion.

 

① Production performance: The higher the production level, the greater the water requirement of the chicken. For example, adult chickens drink more water than chicks; among chickens of the same weight, young chickens develop water deficiency faster than adult chickens; laying hens drink more water than non-laying hens.

② Feed structure: Some feeds such as rye, bran and certain minerals such as table salt can cause chicken loose stools, so the water requirement increases. Excessive protein levels in the diet can increase drinking water. Because too much nitrogen in the chicken must be excreted from the kidney, and the chicken has the worst concentration of urine, it is necessary to increase the drainage to excrete more nitrogen, thereby increasing the water requirement. The increase of crude fiber content in the feed and the increase in the amount of feces in the chicken also increase the water requirement.

③ Ambient temperature: Under the production conditions of broiler cages, due to changes in the ambient temperature, the amount of water consumed by the chicken has changed significantly. High temperature (above 30℃) usually increases the amount of drinking water. When the ambient temperature increases by 1°C, the amount of drinking water can increase by about 7%; when the temperature is low (below 10°C or less), the amount of drinking water decreases. When the temperature of laying hens is increased from below 10℃ to above 30℃, the drinking water volume can be doubled. In addition, the temperature of drinking water can more affect the amount of water consumed by chickens. Chickens like to drink cold water instead of drinking water above ambient temperature, and refuse to drink water above 45℃.

④Water quality: When using broiler cages to raise chickens, chickens have strict requirements on water quality. There are fewer impurities in the water, and the pH is between 6.0-8.5. If there are more impurities in the water, especially when the water contains more soluble minerals, it will cause the chicken's palatability to the water to be reduced, thereby reducing the amount of drinking water. In addition, the use of certain drugs in water can also reduce the amount of water consumed by chickens. Therefore, chickens should be given fresh, cool and clean drinking water.

If the chicken farm does not clean the chicken manure in the chicken battery cages in time, the odor in the broiler equipment will be very serious, and it will affect the living environment of the chicken. Seriously, it will cause the chicken to become sick and affect the economic benefits. So what should we do?

 

 

 

 

 

1 padding deodorization

The sulphur is mixed into the litter to make the pH of the litter less than 7, which can inhibit the generation and emission of ammonia in the feces, reduce the ammonia content in the air of the house, and reduce the odor of ammonia. The specific method is to mix into the litter according to the amount of 0.5 kg of sulfur per square meter of ground, paving the ground.

 

2 ground odor

Sprinkle a layer of superphosphate on the ground in the house. The superphosphate reacts with the ammonia gas produced in the chicken manure to form an odorless solid ammonium phosphate salt, which can reduce the emission of ammonia in the feces of the house and reduce the odor of the house. The specific method is to evenly spray 350 grams of superphosphate on the ground of every 50 chickens.

 

3 air odor

The odor in the air is adsorbed by a substance having adsorption such as charcoal, activated carbon, cinder, or quicklime. The method is to use the net bag to load the charcoal and suspend it in the chicken house or properly sprinkle some activated carbon, cinder, lime, etc. on the ground, and the odor in the air can be eliminated to different extents.

 

The above is how to deal with the odor in the air of broiler breeding equipment. I hope that can help the chickens to better raise their chickens, and they clean up the chicken farm equipment in time to give the chicken a good environment.

Monday, 25 February 2019 07:03

Analysis of the causes of chicken cold

Cooling is one of the main causes of chicken sickness. There are many cold spots. It is not only the temperature control level or the ventilation of the chickens, but the factors that can cause the chickens to be cold are as follows.


1. During the brooding, the water line is too low, the water pressure is too large, the chicks are drilled into the water cup, the nipple leaks, causing the chicken feathers to be wet; the spray equipment is damaged, the nozzle dripping seriously or the spraying time is long, causing the chicken feathers to be wet.

2. Improper humidification method, only pay attention to humidification, does not consider the temperature of the flock, when the flock performance temperature is low, humidification with a humidifying tube will make the flock cold.

3. The chicken house is not tightly sealed, causing side windows, sewage outlets, chicken outlets, water curtains, exhaust fan outlets, etc., resulting in thief winds, so that the chickens in this area are cold due to low temperatures.

4. After the wind enters the chicken poultry farming equipment from the air inlet, there are obstacles blocking during the pre-warming process, causing the breeze to rebound, and the chickens are swollen.

5. The temperature control is unreasonable; the cooling rate is faster, especially in the cold season, which makes the chicken's cold is more common.

6. Only rely on the temperature indicated by the thermometer, but the chicken's physiological behavior is not taken seriously, resulting in the chickens being cold.

Broiler cage equipment and caged chicken equipment are directly related to the efficiency of the farmers. Many chicken farmers' brooding, rearing and layer houses are out of proportion. And they do not meet the requirements. The rearing area is often too small, the rearing density is too large, and the feed and drinking troughs are not enough. It can be said that this is a common problem common to chicken farmers, and it is also one of the important factors affecting the economic benefits of laying hens. There are also chicken farmers who raise more chickens, use fewer houses or have no extra houses for chickens. Putting the chicks into cages prematurely is unfavorable to the growth and development of the young and will eventually affect the laying performance of the hens. For laying hens, the harvest is after the hens start to produce.


The equipment for raising chickens is inferior and mismatched. The equipment for raising chicks, brooding chickens and laying hens has specifications and ratio requirements. The equipment should be matched to facilitate the normal growth and development of the chicken group and reasonable turnover, and give full play to the utilization and operation rate of the equipment, so that the depreciation expenses allocated to each hen or each kilogram of eggs can be more reasonable, thereby reducing Cost of production. 

 

 

 


Nowadays, laying hens are mostly raised in cages, and chicken cages are indispensable equipment, and chicken farmers generally pay more attention to it. However, they lack the ability to discern the quality of chicken coops, and tend to be low-priced when they are purchased. Cage is a place for hens to live, produce and sleep. Its quality cannot be ignored. The quality of the bottom of the cage, the width and slope of the cage are especially important. Another common problem worth noting is that chickens are not installed in cages. When the brood survival rate is high, the number of surviving hens exceeds the budgeted transfer number, or the hens that are too light are reluctant to eliminate hens that are too light. In this case, they are often overloaded. According to statistics, when the number of hens per cage increased to 5, 22.5% of the hens died before 305 days of age. According to the production report statistics accumulated by the author over the years, the egg production rate of chicken flocks whose cage density exceeds the prescribed standard is 5% to 15% lower than that of normal chicken flocks.


Therefore, the purchase agency can not only talk about cheapness, but needs to consider quality first