Broiler Feeding System - Poultry Farming Strategies of Layers and Broilers
Thursday, 18 April 2019 07:23

Broiler feeding management points of spring

1. Disinfection

The chicks are thoroughly cleaned and disinfected 5 days before entering the site, avoiding corrosive disinfectant such as caustic soda to prevent equipment damage, then fumigation with formaldehyde, and sealing the doors and windows. After 24 hours, the window is ventilated. Personnel must be strictly disinfected to avoid destroying the disinfection effect. The trough and drinking fountains are cleaned and disinfected. After the chicks arrive, the ground is cleaned every day to reduce the stimulation of the respiratory tract by dust and chicken fluff, and the chickens should be disinfected every other day. Several disinfectants can be used alternately, and the vaccination period should be avoided for more than 24 hours.

2. Temperature

There is a temperature difference between the three-layer chicken battery cages in the upper, middle and lower layers, and the lower the outdoor temperature, the greater the temperature difference. Brooding is generally at the highest level, because the highest temperature is the highest, which is conducive to saving heat. The chicks enter the field on the first day, the temperature is controlled at 33 ~ 34 ° C, but also according to the state of the chicks to adjust the temperature. When the temperature is suitable, the flocks are evenly distributed, active and active, and the appetite is strong; when the temperature is low, the neck is constricted and concentrated to the heat source. Squeeze each other, the body trembles; when the temperature is too high, the amount of drinking water increases, the appetite decreases, the breathing speeds up, and the neck feathers are soaked. In the first week, the temperature dropped to 30~C, and then decreased by 2°C every week. The density of three-dimensional culture was large, which was 1~2°C lower than the flattening temperature. It should avoid the heat stress and the food intake decreased.

 

 

3. Grouping

Three-dimensional cultured broiler chickens use the whole sports chicks. When the chicks are too dense, they should be grouped in time to ensure that the chicks are evenly weighted. The first group is usually 12 to 16 days old, and the group is too early. Because the body size is too small, it is easy to grow in the cage gap. Drilling also wastes space and wastes energy. The second grouping, at 25 to 28 days of age, adopts the principle of “remaining weak and not staying strong” when grouping, and the important young chicks are placed in the lower layer, and the weak chicks are left behind. In summer, due to high temperature, it can be properly caged in advance. In winter, due to the large temperature difference between the upper and lower layers of the cage, the poultry battery cages time can be appropriately postponed, and one more in the lower cage to reduce the temperature difference between the upper and lower layers.

4. Ventilation

The key to successful aquaculture is ventilation, reasonable ventilation, elimination of harmful gases, temperature control, and reduction of ascites, chronic respiratory diseases and colibacillosis. The density of the three-dimensional farming unit is large, so ventilation is more important. Within 24 hours after entering the farm, the chicks can be ventilated due to the large space of the whole sports. As the age of the chicken increases, the ventilation volume is gradually increased, and the position and size of the air inlet are adjusted. Day, night, cloudy, sunny, spring, summer, autumn and winter. It is necessary to constantly adjust in a timely manner to achieve the feeling of no smell, no glare, no oxygen deficiency and more comfort in the house, to create a good growth space for the chickens, enhance the body's disease resistance and reduce the occurrence of diseases.

Friday, 25 October 2019 06:53

Broiler Breeding Technology in Chicken Farm

More and more farmers are beginning to develop the breeding industry. Large-scale breeding of chickens requires the use of Poultry Rearing Equipment, such as broiler cages, dung removal equipment and feeding equipment. However, in addition to these breeding equipment, if you want to raise chickens well and bring economic benefits to yourself, you still need certain breeding technology. The following are the key points of broiler breeding technology.

 

First of all, large-scale farming requires a farm. We need to know where is the best place for chicken farm construction. The selection of chicken farm site is directly related to the epidemic prevention status and economic benefits of chicken farms. According to the size of the breeding scale and the resource conditions, it is necessary to have a clear view of the convenient transportation of the chicken coop, sufficient water resources and guarantee the power supply. Electricity is required for lighting, water supply, temperature supply, ventilation, etc. in the chicken farm, so the chicken farm requires sufficient power supply. Environmental conditions are good and there is room for development.

 

 

 


Chicken coops are places where chickens live healthily. When building chicken coops, attention should be paid to the performance of heat preservation, heat insulation, ventilation and lighting, moisture prevention, ease of production and operation, disinfection and epidemic prevention, etc. At present, there are many types of buildings in chicken coops, which can be divided into two categories: open type and closed type according to different building structures and performances. Closed henhouse is also called windowless henhouse, because it is relatively closed to the outside world, has the function of temperature isolation and shading, and can adjust and control the internal environment of the henhouse. It has greater advantages than open henhouse, but it has high cost and large infrastructure investment.

 


Broilers for meat are more suitable for high-density feeding, and the feeding amount depends on the effective feeding area of the chicken house and the appropriate feeding density in battery cage for chickens. However, in actual production, the amount of breeding is restricted by many factors. The first is the number of breeders, the second is the feed supply capacity and the source of chickens, and the third is the area of chicken houses. Under the condition that there is no problem with the first two, the feeding amount depends on the area of the chicken coop.

 

There are two types of ventilation in chicken coops: mechanical ventilation and natural ventilation. There are mainly two types of mechanical ventilation in closed chicken coops, namely, horizontal ventilation and vertical ventilation. These are the key points of raising chickens in the poultry house, hoping to help farmers build a suitable chicken farm.

 

In early spring, it is easy to bring discomfort to the chickens in the broiler farms. At this time, the farmers must pay special attention to the rearing and management of the chickens in the broiler farms, and master the necessary broiler breeding techniques to achieve the guarantee of broiler farms. The healthy development of the broilers can lead you a bright feature.

The chickens should ensure that they can drink water within 2 hours after entering the house. For some weak seedlings, artificial drinking can be used to make them drink water. The purpose is to let the chicks learn to drink as soon as possible. The first time the chicks use water at 25°C, add 5% dextrose and 0.1% vitamin C to the water. The waterer should be washed frequently. During the entire brooding period, the drinking water should not be interrupted. From the second day of the brooding, the drinking water should be added. drug.

Wednesday, 01 August 2018 02:30

A Reasonable Broiler House Layout


 A reasonable structure of the chicken house can provide a good living environment for the chickens including of  equipment used in poultry farming, so that they can fully exert their production potential. Therefore, in addition to understanding the physiological characteristics of the chicken itself, the chicken house must be reasonably planned and constructed.
First, chicken layout considerations
1. The site should be chosen away from the residential area, convenient transportation, and far from the road.
2. The terrain is dry and sunny. As far as possible, it is not blocked in winter, no wind in summer, and no water after rain. Large area, leaving room for development
3. Rich in water resources, no pollution, easy to access, sufficient power and protection

4. The structure of the house is practical and economical. It not only saves funds but also saves energy as well as about chicken cages for sale. Its orientation is in line with local natural and physiological conditions. It is well lit, easy to ventilate and easy to operate. It is good for summer heatstroke and cool, and winter is good for heat preservation and cold protection.
5. The layout of the premises should be reasonable, so that the production area is separated from the non-production area. The non-production area and the water source are in the upwind direction of the chicken farm. The dirty road and the clean road are separated and do not cross. The manure field is located in the downwind direction of the chicken farm, and the brooding Separated from the breeding house, the brooding house is located in the upwind direction of the chicken farm.

The number and size of broiler chickens raised in broiler battery cages is growing at an alarming rate. The density of cultivation per unit area is large, and the management level of the breeders is higher than that of the net culture. In fact, no matter what farming mode and breeding conditions, we manage. The primary task is to manage the chickens so that the chickens have a comfortable living environment so that the chickens do not get sick or get sick.

 

1. Strict control of temperature, ventilation and humidity

Appropriate temperature, light and good ventilation are especially important for the growth of caged broilers. Therefore, in the actual feeding process, it must be strictly controlled. About temperature control. The demand for temperature varies during the different stages of broiler growth. Generally speaking, before brooding, it is necessary to keep warm in advance, and raise the temperature in the house to 26 °C; in the brooding period, the method of high temperature brooding is adopted, and the temperature usually needs to be controlled at about 33 °C, and then it is lowered by 0.5 per week.

 

Control about ventilation. During the brooding period, because the temperature in the house is relatively stable, we usually realize the ventilation and ventilation in the house by controlling the opening and closing of the fan. About the control of humidity. The humidity control in the brooding period is preferably 60-65%. Increasing the humidity in the house can be achieved by placing several water-filled basins in the house and increasing the humidity in the house by evaporation. Increase the humidity inside the house. It is not recommended to sprinkle water on the ground or install nozzles to increase the humidity in the house. The humidity in the breeding house should be kept at 40-60%, and the suitable humidity is conducive to the normal growth of broilers.

Humidity should not be too high or too low. If the humidity is too low, it will cause dehydration of broilers, poor growth of feathers, dry skin, and dust in the air, which may easily induce respiratory diseases. If the humidity is too high in summer, it will cause the evaporation and heat dissipation of the chicken body to be blocked, the feed intake will decrease, the drinking water will increase, and cause heatstroke. If the humidity is too high in winter, the chicken body will lose heat too much, the feed intake will increase, and the feed consumption will increase. This leads to an increase in the ratio of meat to meat and increases the cost of farming.


 
2. Do a good job of cleaning and disinfecting caged houses

The cleaning and disinfection of the chicken house and the chicken battery cages should be thorough, without leaving a dead angle. In particular, it is recommended that the caged broiler has a high breeding density. It is recommended to use spray or fumigation to disinfect. When disinfecting, pay attention to the use of disinfectant. Strictly control the dosage of the disinfectant. In addition, after the disinfection is completed, it is necessary to open the doors and windows in time, and do a good job of ventilation.


 
3. Equipment use

Large and medium-sized chicken farms have advanced equipment, but with advanced equipment, it is not always possible to raise chickens. With the scale and automation, the failure of farming is not uncommon. The key lies in the organic of people and equipment. In combination, the operator must not only be familiar with the principle of the equipment, but also observe it carefully. Because the temperature of the thermostat and the temperature of the house have a certain error, the error value should be adjusted to the minimum, so that the temperature of the house can be adjusted. The temperature at which the chicken is most suitable for growth. In addition, the operator must be proficient in the use of the equipment and the feeding procedures of the chicken at various stages, and can promptly discover and repair the failure of the equipment. Once the equipment is used improperly or the equipment fails, it will Caused huge economic losses.

 

 

 

The efficient breeding of broilers can not be separated from the rich chicken breeding experience of broiler farmers, but also can not be separated from the scientific use of broiler breeding techniques, and the efficient feeding of broilers is an important guarantee for the success of broiler breeding.

Insist on the advanced breeding method to leave the ground chicken, can be raised on a net bed. The nets are raised flatly, and the meshes are of a moderate size, so that chicken eyes can't leak through the mesh, and chicken droppings can be leaked. You can make or purchase a commercially available plastic net bed. As a result of leaving the ground, the pathogen has lost a breeding hotbed and can effectively control the occurrence and spread of chicken coccidiosis and ferret disease. The implementation of off-site feeding is mainly used to prevent ground infection, convenient and feasible, and strong operability.

How is the prospect of raising chicken in the countryside? How can rural chicken raise sales? In rural areas, every family in the yard is accustomed to raising a few chickens. Because chickens are relatively good for poultry, many farmers directly use chickens as their main business and set up chicken farms. The first step in raising chickens to make money is to solve the problem of marketing. Some chicken farmers have good chickens, but they can't find a good market and they don't have a large price.

Native Chicken Breeding Has a Bright Future

As consumers are increasingly demanding food quality, consumers have chosen green and natural ways to grow and raise farm products. Green consumption has become a trend. In the case of loose-breeding chickens, many eco-random chicken farms have emerged throughout the country, and various chickens such as pheasants, black-bone chickens, Taishan chickens, reed chickens, and northern Jiangsu grass chickens have been free-ranged in accordance with natural methods. The average chicken meat is 1-2 times, and the price of the soil eggs is several times that of ordinary eggs.

With the progress of the times and the development of science and technology, the genetic breeding technology of broilers has been greatly improved, and the nutritional formulation of chicken feed has also undergone new changes. Broiler breeds are constantly being optimized, and the feeding and management viewpoints of broiler chickens are no longer practical. The broiler breeders at this time need to understand some new ideas for the early feeding and management of broilers.

Do a good job of early feeding chicks, so that the chicks get even and good development in the first week. Changing the way that chickens were fed before drinking water for a period of time before they were fed will become better when the chicks arrive. Change the practice of distributing drinking fountains according to the number of chickens in the past, and increase the number of drinking fountains accordingly so that the chicks can easily find the water in the column after entering the house. If the chicks do not use the trays within the first day of arrival, use clean plastic cloths on the net or spread clean and hard papers to spread the material on the chicks for feeding. The effect is much better than using the trays alone.