Broiler Feeding System - Poultry Farming Strategies of Layers and Broilers

The broiler ground thick litter feeding refers to feeding 5-10 centimeters of litter on the ground of a strictly sterilized chicken house, and the entire period of growth of the chicken is fully maintained on the litter. The litter requires soft, dry, strong water absorption, is not easy to compact, does not mold, no pollution. During the rearing process, loosening of padding material, removal of wet litter, and addition of new litter should be made as appropriate.

Advantages: Suitable for broiler growth and development, slightly lower than the Internet temperature during the hot season. Usually do not remove the feces, do not change the litter, save time and labor; in the winter can use litter fermentation heat production and increase Shewen; chicks in the litter activity increased, reduced the incidence of earthworms. Easy to use, low equipment investment, low incidence of breast cysts, and low defective products.

Disadvantages: It requires a lot of litter, repeated investment. The management of litter is difficult. If the management is not good and the litter is wet, various diseases of the digestive tract and respiratory tract infections are prone to occur: such as E. coli, coccidiosis, and chronic respiratory diseases. Direct contact between chickens and feces, the incidence of coccidiosis increased, and other infectious diseases are prevalent. The contradiction between ventilation and heat preservation is prominent, and health management is difficult. Chicken manure use value is reduced.

Friday, 25 October 2019 06:53

Broiler Breeding Technology in Chicken Farm

More and more farmers are beginning to develop the breeding industry. Large-scale breeding of chickens requires the use of Poultry Rearing Equipment, such as broiler cages, dung removal equipment and feeding equipment. However, in addition to these breeding equipment, if you want to raise chickens well and bring economic benefits to yourself, you still need certain breeding technology. The following are the key points of broiler breeding technology.

 

First of all, large-scale farming requires a farm. We need to know where is the best place for chicken farm construction. The selection of chicken farm site is directly related to the epidemic prevention status and economic benefits of chicken farms. According to the size of the breeding scale and the resource conditions, it is necessary to have a clear view of the convenient transportation of the chicken coop, sufficient water resources and guarantee the power supply. Electricity is required for lighting, water supply, temperature supply, ventilation, etc. in the chicken farm, so the chicken farm requires sufficient power supply. Environmental conditions are good and there is room for development.

 

 

 


Chicken coops are places where chickens live healthily. When building chicken coops, attention should be paid to the performance of heat preservation, heat insulation, ventilation and lighting, moisture prevention, ease of production and operation, disinfection and epidemic prevention, etc. At present, there are many types of buildings in chicken coops, which can be divided into two categories: open type and closed type according to different building structures and performances. Closed henhouse is also called windowless henhouse, because it is relatively closed to the outside world, has the function of temperature isolation and shading, and can adjust and control the internal environment of the henhouse. It has greater advantages than open henhouse, but it has high cost and large infrastructure investment.

 


Broilers for meat are more suitable for high-density feeding, and the feeding amount depends on the effective feeding area of the chicken house and the appropriate feeding density in battery cage for chickens. However, in actual production, the amount of breeding is restricted by many factors. The first is the number of breeders, the second is the feed supply capacity and the source of chickens, and the third is the area of chicken houses. Under the condition that there is no problem with the first two, the feeding amount depends on the area of the chicken coop.

 

There are two types of ventilation in chicken coops: mechanical ventilation and natural ventilation. There are mainly two types of mechanical ventilation in closed chicken coops, namely, horizontal ventilation and vertical ventilation. These are the key points of raising chickens in the poultry house, hoping to help farmers build a suitable chicken farm.

 

Wednesday, 26 December 2018 06:45

What are the advantages of broiler cages?

Experiments show that the technical advantage of commercial broiler cages is significantly better than the flat to raise. Not only can increase the number of breeding, improve production performance, save production costs, bring significant economic benefits to farmers, but also save land resources, reduce environmental pollution, improve product quality, and create huge social benefits.

 

In recent years, a more advanced broiler breeding model, broiler cages, is quietly emerging. What advantages does broiler cages have?

 

The advantages of broiler cages are:

 

1. High level of automation: automatic feeding, drinking water, decontamination, wet curtain cooling, centralized management, automatic control, energy saving, reduced labor costs, greatly improving the breeding efficiency of farmers.


2. chicken flock prevention, effective prevention of infectious diseases: chickens do not touch the feces, can make the chickens grow stronger, provide a clean and warm growing environment for the chickens, the chickens are healthy and balanced.


3. Compared with the flat raise, the density of the stock is increased by more than 3 times, the utilization rate of the surface area of ??the house is improved, and the land can be saved.


4. Saving feed: meat cages increase the growth rate and feed conversion rate, chickens are kept in cages, the amount of exercise is reduced, energy consumption is less, and waste materials are reduced. According to the experiment, cage cultivation can effectively save more than 25% of the cost of farming. The ratio of feed to meat in net or flat chicken is generally between 1.75 and 1.8:1, while the ratio of caged meat to meat is at least 1.61:1 and the highest is 1.7:1.


5. Reduce the cost of medicines, at the same time can effectively control the occurrence of the disease, because the chicken does not touch the feces, and the use of closed houses, isolated from the outside, reduce the spread of disease; indoor comfortable environment is also suitable for the healthy growth of chicken.


6. Save time: It is convenient for breeding users to manage livestock and poultry, saving more time to deal with other things; using a fully enclosed and fully automated farming mode, two people can manage a chicken house with 3-4 million chickens, which is very economical. Artificial.

Therefore, on the whole, the advantages of cage farming benefit are more and more obvious. In the previous model of land raising and net broiler chicken, the profit of broiler farming was less and less, and many large-scale farming or group with funds, even small-scale Farmers have changed their own chicken houses into cages to further increase the scale and land utilization rate, and improve the breeding efficiency through scale effect.

For broiler breeding, most farmers now use broiler cages for breeding. The use of broiler chicken cages to raise chickens is more conducive to the management of the chickens by the farmers, and it is also more conducive to the rapid growth of the chickens. However, if the farmers do not use scientific and reasonable breeding methods to raise chickens, it will be difficult for the chickens to grow well. Today, I will give a detailed account of several key breeding points that farmers should pay attention to when using broiler cages to raise chickens.

1. Group the chickens

When the three-dimensional broiler cages are used to raise chickens, they usually use whole sports chicks. When the density of chicks is too large, group them in a timely manner to ensure that the weight of the chicks is even. The first grouping is usually 12-16 days old. The grouping is too early. It is easy to drill through the gaps in the growing cage, and it will cause a waste of space and energy. The second grouping, at 25-28 days of age, this time grouping should place the heavier healthy parts in the lower layer, leaving the weak young. In summer, because the temperature is too high, grouping can be carried out in advance. In winter, the temperature is cold and the temperature difference between the upper and lower cages is large. You can appropriately delay the time of cage division, and put one more in the lower cage to reduce the temperature difference between the upper and lower cages.

2. Control of temperature

When the temperature outside the chicken house is lower, the temperature difference between each layer is greater. Under normal circumstances, brooding are placed on the highest level, because the highest level has a higher temperature, which is conducive to saving heat. On the first day the chicks enter the farm, the temperature should be controlled at 33-34°C, which can also be adjusted according to the state of the chicks. When the temperature is right, the chickens are evenly distributed, lively, and have a strong appetite. When the temperature becomes low, shrink the neck and bow back and concentrate on the heat source. Squeezing each other, their bodies tremble. When the temperature is too high, water consumption increases, appetite decreases, breathing speeds up, and there is water in neck feathers. In the first week, the temperature dropped to 30°C, and then dropped by 2°C every week thereafter. The use of chicken cages to raise chickens has a high density, which is 1 to 2°C lower than the normal temperature. It is necessary to avoid the phenomenon of heat stress in the flock that causes a decrease in feed intake.

3. Disinfect the chicken house

   The chicken house should be thoroughly cleaned and disinfected 5 days before the chicks are put into the house. Here, the farmers need to pay attention to avoid using caustic soda and other corrosive disinfectants for disinfection. After the chicks are in the house, the ground is cleaned every day, and the chickens are disinfected every other day.

4. Drinking water for chickens

   After the chicks are placed in the house, it is necessary to ensure that they can drink clean and sanitary water within 2 hours. For the first time the chicks drink water, use warm water at 25°C, add 5% glucose and 0.1% vitamin C to the water, and rinse the drinking fountain frequently. Drinking water should not be interrupted throughout the brooding period. From the second day of brooding, add drugs to prevent pullorum in the drinking water.

The above is the summary to the farmers today, in the process of using broiler feeding cages to raise chickens in Uganda, the main points for the management of chicken flocks. I hope that through today's description, farmers can pay more attention to these points in their future breeding work.

In the past, farmers raised broilers in flat greenhouses, and the number of breeding was small. It has been difficult to meet the market demand for chicken product quality. Moreover, the simple raising equipment may cause the disease to be difficult to control, which will inevitably affect the meat output of broilers. However, the broiler cage raising equipment vigorously promoted by the breeding industry can implement automatic fecal removal, so that the broiler is separated from the fecal sewage, achieving less incidence, fast growth, good quality and good benefits. Now the author will talk about the characteristics and dimensions of broiler cages.

Characteristics of broiler cages:

1. The stacked broiler cages produced by high-quality poultry equipment suppliers use a full set of hot-dip galvanizing technology, which is corrosion-resistant and has a service life of more than 20 years.

2. The material of Q235 has great elasticity and is not easy to bend.

3. The high-density breeding saves land, which is about 70% less than the stepped land.

4. Centralized management, save energy and resources, adopt advanced ventilation system, lighting system and automatic control system to fully save energy consumption and improve labor productivity.

5. Save space and increase the feeding density to more than 60 animals/m2.

6. The unique cage door design effectively prevents the chicken from shaking its head up and down when it is eating.

7. The use of conveyor belt to clean the manure to dry the chicken manure into granules, reduce environmental pollution, and high reuse rate of chicken manure.

8. Eco-environmental protection is the most ideal feeding equipment for green chicken and environmental protection egg products.

Broiler cage size:

The cascading broiler cages have three layers and two doors. Each group has a length of 140cm, each group spans 200cm, the number of units is 6, the unit length is 70cm, the unit depth is 70cm, the cage height is 38cm, and the feeding amount is 60.

Stacked broiler cages with four layers and two doors, each group length 140cm, each group span 200cm, unit number 8, unit number 70cm, unit depth 70cm, cage height 38cm, feeding capacity 80.

Each poultry farming equipment supplier provides different sizes of chicken cages, so when buying, you only need to buy according to your own needs, and you don't need to be constrained by the size of the chicken cage.

In early spring, it is easy to bring discomfort to the chickens in the broiler farms. At this time, the farmers must pay special attention to the rearing and management of the chickens in the broiler farms, and master the necessary broiler breeding techniques to achieve the guarantee of broiler farms. The healthy development of the broilers can lead you a bright feature.

The chickens should ensure that they can drink water within 2 hours after entering the house. For some weak seedlings, artificial drinking can be used to make them drink water. The purpose is to let the chicks learn to drink as soon as possible. The first time the chicks use water at 25°C, add 5% dextrose and 0.1% vitamin C to the water. The waterer should be washed frequently. During the entire brooding period, the drinking water should not be interrupted. From the second day of the brooding, the drinking water should be added. drug.

Monday, 25 February 2019 07:03

Analysis of the causes of chicken cold

Cooling is one of the main causes of chicken sickness. There are many cold spots. It is not only the temperature control level or the ventilation of the chickens, but the factors that can cause the chickens to be cold are as follows.


1. During the brooding, the water line is too low, the water pressure is too large, the chicks are drilled into the water cup, the nipple leaks, causing the chicken feathers to be wet; the spray equipment is damaged, the nozzle dripping seriously or the spraying time is long, causing the chicken feathers to be wet.

2. Improper humidification method, only pay attention to humidification, does not consider the temperature of the flock, when the flock performance temperature is low, humidification with a humidifying tube will make the flock cold.

3. The chicken house is not tightly sealed, causing side windows, sewage outlets, chicken outlets, water curtains, exhaust fan outlets, etc., resulting in thief winds, so that the chickens in this area are cold due to low temperatures.

4. After the wind enters the chicken poultry farming equipment from the air inlet, there are obstacles blocking during the pre-warming process, causing the breeze to rebound, and the chickens are swollen.

5. The temperature control is unreasonable; the cooling rate is faster, especially in the cold season, which makes the chicken's cold is more common.

6. Only rely on the temperature indicated by the thermometer, but the chicken's physiological behavior is not taken seriously, resulting in the chickens being cold.

Thursday, 18 April 2019 07:23

Broiler feeding management points of spring

1. Disinfection

The chicks are thoroughly cleaned and disinfected 5 days before entering the site, avoiding corrosive disinfectant such as caustic soda to prevent equipment damage, then fumigation with formaldehyde, and sealing the doors and windows. After 24 hours, the window is ventilated. Personnel must be strictly disinfected to avoid destroying the disinfection effect. The trough and drinking fountains are cleaned and disinfected. After the chicks arrive, the ground is cleaned every day to reduce the stimulation of the respiratory tract by dust and chicken fluff, and the chickens should be disinfected every other day. Several disinfectants can be used alternately, and the vaccination period should be avoided for more than 24 hours.

2. Temperature

There is a temperature difference between the three-layer chicken battery cages in the upper, middle and lower layers, and the lower the outdoor temperature, the greater the temperature difference. Brooding is generally at the highest level, because the highest temperature is the highest, which is conducive to saving heat. The chicks enter the field on the first day, the temperature is controlled at 33 ~ 34 ° C, but also according to the state of the chicks to adjust the temperature. When the temperature is suitable, the flocks are evenly distributed, active and active, and the appetite is strong; when the temperature is low, the neck is constricted and concentrated to the heat source. Squeeze each other, the body trembles; when the temperature is too high, the amount of drinking water increases, the appetite decreases, the breathing speeds up, and the neck feathers are soaked. In the first week, the temperature dropped to 30~C, and then decreased by 2°C every week. The density of three-dimensional culture was large, which was 1~2°C lower than the flattening temperature. It should avoid the heat stress and the food intake decreased.

 

 

3. Grouping

Three-dimensional cultured broiler chickens use the whole sports chicks. When the chicks are too dense, they should be grouped in time to ensure that the chicks are evenly weighted. The first group is usually 12 to 16 days old, and the group is too early. Because the body size is too small, it is easy to grow in the cage gap. Drilling also wastes space and wastes energy. The second grouping, at 25 to 28 days of age, adopts the principle of “remaining weak and not staying strong” when grouping, and the important young chicks are placed in the lower layer, and the weak chicks are left behind. In summer, due to high temperature, it can be properly caged in advance. In winter, due to the large temperature difference between the upper and lower layers of the cage, the poultry battery cages time can be appropriately postponed, and one more in the lower cage to reduce the temperature difference between the upper and lower layers.

4. Ventilation

The key to successful aquaculture is ventilation, reasonable ventilation, elimination of harmful gases, temperature control, and reduction of ascites, chronic respiratory diseases and colibacillosis. The density of the three-dimensional farming unit is large, so ventilation is more important. Within 24 hours after entering the farm, the chicks can be ventilated due to the large space of the whole sports. As the age of the chicken increases, the ventilation volume is gradually increased, and the position and size of the air inlet are adjusted. Day, night, cloudy, sunny, spring, summer, autumn and winter. It is necessary to constantly adjust in a timely manner to achieve the feeling of no smell, no glare, no oxygen deficiency and more comfort in the house, to create a good growth space for the chickens, enhance the body's disease resistance and reduce the occurrence of diseases.