Broiler Feeding System - Poultry Farming Strategies of Layers and Broilers

If the chicken farm does not clean the chicken manure in the chicken battery cages in time, the odor in the broiler equipment will be very serious, and it will affect the living environment of the chicken. Seriously, it will cause the chicken to become sick and affect the economic benefits. So what should we do?

 

 

 

 

 

1 padding deodorization

The sulphur is mixed into the litter to make the pH of the litter less than 7, which can inhibit the generation and emission of ammonia in the feces, reduce the ammonia content in the air of the house, and reduce the odor of ammonia. The specific method is to mix into the litter according to the amount of 0.5 kg of sulfur per square meter of ground, paving the ground.

 

2 ground odor

Sprinkle a layer of superphosphate on the ground in the house. The superphosphate reacts with the ammonia gas produced in the chicken manure to form an odorless solid ammonium phosphate salt, which can reduce the emission of ammonia in the feces of the house and reduce the odor of the house. The specific method is to evenly spray 350 grams of superphosphate on the ground of every 50 chickens.

 

3 air odor

The odor in the air is adsorbed by a substance having adsorption such as charcoal, activated carbon, cinder, or quicklime. The method is to use the net bag to load the charcoal and suspend it in the chicken house or properly sprinkle some activated carbon, cinder, lime, etc. on the ground, and the odor in the air can be eliminated to different extents.

 

The above is how to deal with the odor in the air of broiler breeding equipment. I hope that can help the chickens to better raise their chickens, and they clean up the chicken farm equipment in time to give the chicken a good environment.

Thursday, 18 April 2019 07:23

Broiler feeding management points of spring

1. Disinfection

The chicks are thoroughly cleaned and disinfected 5 days before entering the site, avoiding corrosive disinfectant such as caustic soda to prevent equipment damage, then fumigation with formaldehyde, and sealing the doors and windows. After 24 hours, the window is ventilated. Personnel must be strictly disinfected to avoid destroying the disinfection effect. The trough and drinking fountains are cleaned and disinfected. After the chicks arrive, the ground is cleaned every day to reduce the stimulation of the respiratory tract by dust and chicken fluff, and the chickens should be disinfected every other day. Several disinfectants can be used alternately, and the vaccination period should be avoided for more than 24 hours.

2. Temperature

There is a temperature difference between the three-layer chicken battery cages in the upper, middle and lower layers, and the lower the outdoor temperature, the greater the temperature difference. Brooding is generally at the highest level, because the highest temperature is the highest, which is conducive to saving heat. The chicks enter the field on the first day, the temperature is controlled at 33 ~ 34 ° C, but also according to the state of the chicks to adjust the temperature. When the temperature is suitable, the flocks are evenly distributed, active and active, and the appetite is strong; when the temperature is low, the neck is constricted and concentrated to the heat source. Squeeze each other, the body trembles; when the temperature is too high, the amount of drinking water increases, the appetite decreases, the breathing speeds up, and the neck feathers are soaked. In the first week, the temperature dropped to 30~C, and then decreased by 2°C every week. The density of three-dimensional culture was large, which was 1~2°C lower than the flattening temperature. It should avoid the heat stress and the food intake decreased.

 

 

3. Grouping

Three-dimensional cultured broiler chickens use the whole sports chicks. When the chicks are too dense, they should be grouped in time to ensure that the chicks are evenly weighted. The first group is usually 12 to 16 days old, and the group is too early. Because the body size is too small, it is easy to grow in the cage gap. Drilling also wastes space and wastes energy. The second grouping, at 25 to 28 days of age, adopts the principle of “remaining weak and not staying strong” when grouping, and the important young chicks are placed in the lower layer, and the weak chicks are left behind. In summer, due to high temperature, it can be properly caged in advance. In winter, due to the large temperature difference between the upper and lower layers of the cage, the poultry battery cages time can be appropriately postponed, and one more in the lower cage to reduce the temperature difference between the upper and lower layers.

4. Ventilation

The key to successful aquaculture is ventilation, reasonable ventilation, elimination of harmful gases, temperature control, and reduction of ascites, chronic respiratory diseases and colibacillosis. The density of the three-dimensional farming unit is large, so ventilation is more important. Within 24 hours after entering the farm, the chicks can be ventilated due to the large space of the whole sports. As the age of the chicken increases, the ventilation volume is gradually increased, and the position and size of the air inlet are adjusted. Day, night, cloudy, sunny, spring, summer, autumn and winter. It is necessary to constantly adjust in a timely manner to achieve the feeling of no smell, no glare, no oxygen deficiency and more comfort in the house, to create a good growth space for the chickens, enhance the body's disease resistance and reduce the occurrence of diseases.

Monday, 25 February 2019 07:03

Analysis of the causes of chicken cold

Cooling is one of the main causes of chicken sickness. There are many cold spots. It is not only the temperature control level or the ventilation of the chickens, but the factors that can cause the chickens to be cold are as follows.


1. During the brooding, the water line is too low, the water pressure is too large, the chicks are drilled into the water cup, the nipple leaks, causing the chicken feathers to be wet; the spray equipment is damaged, the nozzle dripping seriously or the spraying time is long, causing the chicken feathers to be wet.

2. Improper humidification method, only pay attention to humidification, does not consider the temperature of the flock, when the flock performance temperature is low, humidification with a humidifying tube will make the flock cold.

3. The chicken house is not tightly sealed, causing side windows, sewage outlets, chicken outlets, water curtains, exhaust fan outlets, etc., resulting in thief winds, so that the chickens in this area are cold due to low temperatures.

4. After the wind enters the chicken poultry farming equipment from the air inlet, there are obstacles blocking during the pre-warming process, causing the breeze to rebound, and the chickens are swollen.

5. The temperature control is unreasonable; the cooling rate is faster, especially in the cold season, which makes the chicken's cold is more common.

6. Only rely on the temperature indicated by the thermometer, but the chicken's physiological behavior is not taken seriously, resulting in the chickens being cold.

The efficient breeding of broilers can not be separated from the rich chicken breeding experience of broiler farmers, but also can not be separated from the scientific use of broiler breeding techniques, and the efficient feeding of broilers is an important guarantee for the success of broiler breeding.

Insist on the advanced breeding method to leave the ground chicken, can be raised on a net bed. The nets are raised flatly, and the meshes are of a moderate size, so that chicken eyes can't leak through the mesh, and chicken droppings can be leaked. You can make or purchase a commercially available plastic net bed. As a result of leaving the ground, the pathogen has lost a breeding hotbed and can effectively control the occurrence and spread of chicken coccidiosis and ferret disease. The implementation of off-site feeding is mainly used to prevent ground infection, convenient and feasible, and strong operability.

The number and size of broiler chickens raised in broiler battery cages is growing at an alarming rate. The density of cultivation per unit area is large, and the management level of the breeders is higher than that of the net culture. In fact, no matter what farming mode and breeding conditions, we manage. The primary task is to manage the chickens so that the chickens have a comfortable living environment so that the chickens do not get sick or get sick.

 

1. Strict control of temperature, ventilation and humidity

Appropriate temperature, light and good ventilation are especially important for the growth of caged broilers. Therefore, in the actual feeding process, it must be strictly controlled. About temperature control. The demand for temperature varies during the different stages of broiler growth. Generally speaking, before brooding, it is necessary to keep warm in advance, and raise the temperature in the house to 26 °C; in the brooding period, the method of high temperature brooding is adopted, and the temperature usually needs to be controlled at about 33 °C, and then it is lowered by 0.5 per week.

 

Control about ventilation. During the brooding period, because the temperature in the house is relatively stable, we usually realize the ventilation and ventilation in the house by controlling the opening and closing of the fan. About the control of humidity. The humidity control in the brooding period is preferably 60-65%. Increasing the humidity in the house can be achieved by placing several water-filled basins in the house and increasing the humidity in the house by evaporation. Increase the humidity inside the house. It is not recommended to sprinkle water on the ground or install nozzles to increase the humidity in the house. The humidity in the breeding house should be kept at 40-60%, and the suitable humidity is conducive to the normal growth of broilers.

Humidity should not be too high or too low. If the humidity is too low, it will cause dehydration of broilers, poor growth of feathers, dry skin, and dust in the air, which may easily induce respiratory diseases. If the humidity is too high in summer, it will cause the evaporation and heat dissipation of the chicken body to be blocked, the feed intake will decrease, the drinking water will increase, and cause heatstroke. If the humidity is too high in winter, the chicken body will lose heat too much, the feed intake will increase, and the feed consumption will increase. This leads to an increase in the ratio of meat to meat and increases the cost of farming.


 
2. Do a good job of cleaning and disinfecting caged houses

The cleaning and disinfection of the chicken house and the chicken battery cages should be thorough, without leaving a dead angle. In particular, it is recommended that the caged broiler has a high breeding density. It is recommended to use spray or fumigation to disinfect. When disinfecting, pay attention to the use of disinfectant. Strictly control the dosage of the disinfectant. In addition, after the disinfection is completed, it is necessary to open the doors and windows in time, and do a good job of ventilation.


 
3. Equipment use

Large and medium-sized chicken farms have advanced equipment, but with advanced equipment, it is not always possible to raise chickens. With the scale and automation, the failure of farming is not uncommon. The key lies in the organic of people and equipment. In combination, the operator must not only be familiar with the principle of the equipment, but also observe it carefully. Because the temperature of the thermostat and the temperature of the house have a certain error, the error value should be adjusted to the minimum, so that the temperature of the house can be adjusted. The temperature at which the chicken is most suitable for growth. In addition, the operator must be proficient in the use of the equipment and the feeding procedures of the chicken at various stages, and can promptly discover and repair the failure of the equipment. Once the equipment is used improperly or the equipment fails, it will Caused huge economic losses.

 

 

 

The broiler ground thick litter feeding refers to feeding 5-10 centimeters of litter on the ground of a strictly sterilized chicken house, and the entire period of growth of the chicken is fully maintained on the litter. The litter requires soft, dry, strong water absorption, is not easy to compact, does not mold, no pollution. During the rearing process, loosening of padding material, removal of wet litter, and addition of new litter should be made as appropriate.

Advantages: Suitable for broiler growth and development, slightly lower than the Internet temperature during the hot season. Usually do not remove the feces, do not change the litter, save time and labor; in the winter can use litter fermentation heat production and increase Shewen; chicks in the litter activity increased, reduced the incidence of earthworms. Easy to use, low equipment investment, low incidence of breast cysts, and low defective products.

Disadvantages: It requires a lot of litter, repeated investment. The management of litter is difficult. If the management is not good and the litter is wet, various diseases of the digestive tract and respiratory tract infections are prone to occur: such as E. coli, coccidiosis, and chronic respiratory diseases. Direct contact between chickens and feces, the incidence of coccidiosis increased, and other infectious diseases are prevalent. The contradiction between ventilation and heat preservation is prominent, and health management is difficult. Chicken manure use value is reduced.

Humidity is closely related to evaporation of water in the chicken body when they are raised in poultry equipment cages, body heat emission and cleanliness of the house are very important. 

When the temperature is high and low humidity, the water in the chicken is not dispersed too much, which may lead to dehydration of the chicks. In addition, due to drying, the dust inside the house is flying, and it is easy to induce respiratory diseases.When the temperature is low and high humidity, the house is cold and humid, and the chick is prone to cold, causing the litter to be wet, and the gastrointestinal disease occur. In general,when the temperature is high and high humidity, the heat in the chicks is not easy to be emitted normally, suffocating, appetite is falling, growth is slow, and resistance is weakened. 

The laying house of the laying hens should be kept dry to prevent bacterial growth and infection, but the relative humidity should not be lower than 40%. Suitable relative humidity is 60% -65% before 10 days old and 50%-60% after 10 days old in your poultry farm equipment house.

With the progress of the times and the development of science and technology, the genetic breeding technology of broilers has been greatly improved, and the nutritional formulation of chicken feed has also undergone new changes. Broiler breeds are constantly being optimized, and the feeding and management viewpoints of broiler chickens are no longer practical. The broiler breeders at this time need to understand some new ideas for the early feeding and management of broilers.

Do a good job of early feeding chicks, so that the chicks get even and good development in the first week. Changing the way that chickens were fed before drinking water for a period of time before they were fed will become better when the chicks arrive. Change the practice of distributing drinking fountains according to the number of chickens in the past, and increase the number of drinking fountains accordingly so that the chicks can easily find the water in the column after entering the house. If the chicks do not use the trays within the first day of arrival, use clean plastic cloths on the net or spread clean and hard papers to spread the material on the chicks for feeding. The effect is much better than using the trays alone.