Broiler Feeding System - Poultry Farming Strategies of Layers and Broilers

The number and size of broiler chickens raised in broiler battery cages is growing at an alarming rate. The density of cultivation per unit area is large, and the management level of the breeders is higher than that of the net culture. In fact, no matter what farming mode and breeding conditions, we manage. The primary task is to manage the chickens so that the chickens have a comfortable living environment so that the chickens do not get sick or get sick.

 

1. Strict control of temperature, ventilation and humidity

Appropriate temperature, light and good ventilation are especially important for the growth of caged broilers. Therefore, in the actual feeding process, it must be strictly controlled. About temperature control. The demand for temperature varies during the different stages of broiler growth. Generally speaking, before brooding, it is necessary to keep warm in advance, and raise the temperature in the house to 26 °C; in the brooding period, the method of high temperature brooding is adopted, and the temperature usually needs to be controlled at about 33 °C, and then it is lowered by 0.5 per week.

 

Control about ventilation. During the brooding period, because the temperature in the house is relatively stable, we usually realize the ventilation and ventilation in the house by controlling the opening and closing of the fan. About the control of humidity. The humidity control in the brooding period is preferably 60-65%. Increasing the humidity in the house can be achieved by placing several water-filled basins in the house and increasing the humidity in the house by evaporation. Increase the humidity inside the house. It is not recommended to sprinkle water on the ground or install nozzles to increase the humidity in the house. The humidity in the breeding house should be kept at 40-60%, and the suitable humidity is conducive to the normal growth of broilers.

Humidity should not be too high or too low. If the humidity is too low, it will cause dehydration of broilers, poor growth of feathers, dry skin, and dust in the air, which may easily induce respiratory diseases. If the humidity is too high in summer, it will cause the evaporation and heat dissipation of the chicken body to be blocked, the feed intake will decrease, the drinking water will increase, and cause heatstroke. If the humidity is too high in winter, the chicken body will lose heat too much, the feed intake will increase, and the feed consumption will increase. This leads to an increase in the ratio of meat to meat and increases the cost of farming.


 
2. Do a good job of cleaning and disinfecting caged houses

The cleaning and disinfection of the chicken house and the chicken battery cages should be thorough, without leaving a dead angle. In particular, it is recommended that the caged broiler has a high breeding density. It is recommended to use spray or fumigation to disinfect. When disinfecting, pay attention to the use of disinfectant. Strictly control the dosage of the disinfectant. In addition, after the disinfection is completed, it is necessary to open the doors and windows in time, and do a good job of ventilation.


 
3. Equipment use

Large and medium-sized chicken farms have advanced equipment, but with advanced equipment, it is not always possible to raise chickens. With the scale and automation, the failure of farming is not uncommon. The key lies in the organic of people and equipment. In combination, the operator must not only be familiar with the principle of the equipment, but also observe it carefully. Because the temperature of the thermostat and the temperature of the house have a certain error, the error value should be adjusted to the minimum, so that the temperature of the house can be adjusted. The temperature at which the chicken is most suitable for growth. In addition, the operator must be proficient in the use of the equipment and the feeding procedures of the chicken at various stages, and can promptly discover and repair the failure of the equipment. Once the equipment is used improperly or the equipment fails, it will Caused huge economic losses.

 

 

 

Wednesday, 26 December 2018 06:45

What are the advantages of broiler cages?

Experiments show that the technical advantage of commercial broiler cages is significantly better than the flat to raise. Not only can increase the number of breeding, improve production performance, save production costs, bring significant economic benefits to farmers, but also save land resources, reduce environmental pollution, improve product quality, and create huge social benefits.

 

In recent years, a more advanced broiler breeding model, broiler cages, is quietly emerging. What advantages does broiler cages have?

 

The advantages of broiler cages are:

 

1. High level of automation: automatic feeding, drinking water, decontamination, wet curtain cooling, centralized management, automatic control, energy saving, reduced labor costs, greatly improving the breeding efficiency of farmers.


2. chicken flock prevention, effective prevention of infectious diseases: chickens do not touch the feces, can make the chickens grow stronger, provide a clean and warm growing environment for the chickens, the chickens are healthy and balanced.


3. Compared with the flat raise, the density of the stock is increased by more than 3 times, the utilization rate of the surface area of ??the house is improved, and the land can be saved.


4. Saving feed: meat cages increase the growth rate and feed conversion rate, chickens are kept in cages, the amount of exercise is reduced, energy consumption is less, and waste materials are reduced. According to the experiment, cage cultivation can effectively save more than 25% of the cost of farming. The ratio of feed to meat in net or flat chicken is generally between 1.75 and 1.8:1, while the ratio of caged meat to meat is at least 1.61:1 and the highest is 1.7:1.


5. Reduce the cost of medicines, at the same time can effectively control the occurrence of the disease, because the chicken does not touch the feces, and the use of closed houses, isolated from the outside, reduce the spread of disease; indoor comfortable environment is also suitable for the healthy growth of chicken.


6. Save time: It is convenient for breeding users to manage livestock and poultry, saving more time to deal with other things; using a fully enclosed and fully automated farming mode, two people can manage a chicken house with 3-4 million chickens, which is very economical. Artificial.

Therefore, on the whole, the advantages of cage farming benefit are more and more obvious. In the previous model of land raising and net broiler chicken, the profit of broiler farming was less and less, and many large-scale farming or group with funds, even small-scale Farmers have changed their own chicken houses into cages to further increase the scale and land utilization rate, and improve the breeding efficiency through scale effect.

The efficient breeding of broilers can not be separated from the rich chicken breeding experience of broiler farmers, but also can not be separated from the scientific use of broiler breeding techniques, and the efficient feeding of broilers is an important guarantee for the success of broiler breeding.

Insist on the advanced breeding method to leave the ground chicken, can be raised on a net bed. The nets are raised flatly, and the meshes are of a moderate size, so that chicken eyes can't leak through the mesh, and chicken droppings can be leaked. You can make or purchase a commercially available plastic net bed. As a result of leaving the ground, the pathogen has lost a breeding hotbed and can effectively control the occurrence and spread of chicken coccidiosis and ferret disease. The implementation of off-site feeding is mainly used to prevent ground infection, convenient and feasible, and strong operability.

How to raise broilers for moving chicken sheds? With the occurrence of irresistible factors from time to time, the use of the original fixed chicken house is often prone to significant economic losses. In order to avoid the limitations of the fixed chicken house, mobile chicken sheds have emerged in recent years. This kind of house construction can not only To meet the needs of farmers breeding chickens, the key to it can make up for the lack of fixed chicken house, easy to move.

The so-called mobile chicken shed is actually an easy-to-remove, easy-to-move hut built with bamboo, wood, and thin-film materials. The construction of the shed can be made on the spot: a bamboo or wood strip is used to build a length of 8 meters, a width of 1.2 meters, and a height of 2.2. The frame of the rice, with a door in the middle, a door with a width of 0.8 meters (without leaving windows on both sides), and using an old nylon net or fishnet to enclose and fix it around and at the top and covered with a thick black film. The floor of the chicken shed is laid with bamboo or branches at centimeter intervals, and then the bottom is raised with a brick to a height of 10-15 cm, and the moving chicken shed can be put into use. Each chicken shed should be placed on a grassy slope that is sheltered from the wind, has a flat surface, and does not accumulate water. It is best to use woods or orchards. Grasses are planted and sprinkled with sand.

With the progress of the times and the development of science and technology, the genetic breeding technology of broilers has been greatly improved, and the nutritional formulation of chicken feed has also undergone new changes. Broiler breeds are constantly being optimized, and the feeding and management viewpoints of broiler chickens are no longer practical. The broiler breeders at this time need to understand some new ideas for the early feeding and management of broilers.

Do a good job of early feeding chicks, so that the chicks get even and good development in the first week. Changing the way that chickens were fed before drinking water for a period of time before they were fed will become better when the chicks arrive. Change the practice of distributing drinking fountains according to the number of chickens in the past, and increase the number of drinking fountains accordingly so that the chicks can easily find the water in the column after entering the house. If the chicks do not use the trays within the first day of arrival, use clean plastic cloths on the net or spread clean and hard papers to spread the material on the chicks for feeding. The effect is much better than using the trays alone.

Broiler feeding equipment is a relatively popular breeding equipment in modern times. The emergence of such equipment has helped farmers solve many problems, while also protecting the environment and reducing environmental pollution. Everyone should also understand some of the advantages of fully automatic chicken equipment, but even the best equipment, if used improperly, there will be misunderstandings, then everyone knows the misunderstanding of automatic chicken farming equipment? Don't worry about it first, let's take a look at everything.

 

Two common mistakes in the use of broiler equipment:

 

1. Choose cheaper when purchasing broiler equipment: The cost of raising chicken equipment to raise chickens is much higher than that of the past. Therefore, many users tend to prefer cheap equipment when purchasing chicken equipment, and pay attention to the quality of equipment. Whether the requirements and standards are met, especially chicken cage equipment, chicken cages are the main equipment for raising chickens. Chicken cages with poor structure and poor quality will affect the growth and production of chickens, and the age is not guaranteed.

 

2. Do not pay attention to the maintenance of broiler equipment: Since the chicken farming equipment is generally large-scale mechanized equipment, the service life is relatively long, and the farmers need to carry out reasonable inspection and maintenance work on each broiler equipment on a regular basis, which can promptly find problems and The fault is solved, and the service life of the equipment can be ensured and extended, and the efficiency of the chicken raising work of the farmers is exerted. However, many farmers have neglected the work, resulting in short service life, high failure rate and increased cost.

 

Regarding the misunderstanding of broiler equipment, misunderstanding of equipment maintenance and the correct method of selecting broiler equipment, broiler equipment manufacturers can only analyze it here. I hope these contents can help you solve some problems.

 

 

 

With chicken market increasingly competitive, and farmers modernization consciousness gradually improve, more and more farmers to standardization, scale breeding mode, build the henhouse chicken farming became the caged equipment now farmers choose mode of breeding, so farmers in the building of the hen house should be how to build?

1. Site selection: avoid intensive farming areas with better water quality.

2. Feeding mode: cage raising in two stages: "raising young" and "laying eggs".

3. Chicken battery cages construction: it is recommended to raise 15,000 to 20,000 chickens per chicken coop, adopt closed chicken coop and broiler cage feeding equipment, cement floor, wall white cement batch white, automatic drinking water, feeding, ventilation, manure cleaning, etc.

First, the overall layout of the chicken farm:

1. General principles: from the perspective of facilitating epidemic prevention and organizational production. The divisional layout of the field area is the production area, office area, living area, auxiliary production area, and sewage treatment area.

2. Arrangement principle: According to the dominant wind direction, the topography and the flow direction are the living area, office area, auxiliary production area, production area and sewage treatment area. If the terrain is inconsistent with the wind direction, the dominant wind direction is dominant.


Second, the layout of the chicken farm: the overall plan should consider the factors such as the orientation of the chicken house, the spacing of the house, the road, sewage, fire prevention and epidemic prevention. The recommended design of 100,000 large-scale chicken farms is recommended to be arranged in 6 single or double row chicken houses. The single chicken house is 16,000 closed chicken houses. It is equipped with four rows of four aisles and three-tiered ladder cages. Curtains, ventilated windows, mechanical cleaning, mechanical feeding and automatic lighting, automatic drinking water system.

1. Single-roof house orientation: It adopts east-west or east-north (or west) 15 degrees, which is conducive to improving the winter temperature and avoiding summer solar radiation, using the dominant wind direction to improve the ventilation conditions of the house.

2. Chicken house spacing: two types of single-row houses and double-row houses. The spacing of the chicken houses is 10 to 20 meters for brooding and 10 to 15 meters for laying hens.

3. Chicken farm road: The chicken farm road is divided into two types: clean road and dirty road. The clean road is used for transporting feed, chicken and eggs in the field. The dirt is used to transport manure, dead chicken and sick chicken. The two must not be used interchangeably.

 

 

Humidity is closely related to evaporation of water in the chicken body when they are raised in poultry equipment cages, body heat emission and cleanliness of the house are very important. 

When the temperature is high and low humidity, the water in the chicken is not dispersed too much, which may lead to dehydration of the chicks. In addition, due to drying, the dust inside the house is flying, and it is easy to induce respiratory diseases.When the temperature is low and high humidity, the house is cold and humid, and the chick is prone to cold, causing the litter to be wet, and the gastrointestinal disease occur. In general,when the temperature is high and high humidity, the heat in the chicks is not easy to be emitted normally, suffocating, appetite is falling, growth is slow, and resistance is weakened. 

The laying house of the laying hens should be kept dry to prevent bacterial growth and infection, but the relative humidity should not be lower than 40%. Suitable relative humidity is 60% -65% before 10 days old and 50%-60% after 10 days old in your poultry farm equipment house.