Layer Chicken Farms - Poultry Farming Strategies of Layers and Broilers

In the process of raising chickens in laying hens, the farmers know that the hens need reasonable illumination, and the natural light often does not achieve good results. Therefore, when the chickens are illuminated, they need to use artificial lighting equipment for artificial replenishment. Reasonable illumination is beneficial to the growth and production performance of laying hens, so it is a very important task. The author reminds farmers to pay attention to the following four points in addition to the time to light and the number of lighting equipment:

 

1. The chicken farming equipment illumination should be stable: the time for the average farmer to choose to supplement the light for the laying hens starts from the age of 19 weeks. When the light setting time is set, the light should be slowly increased from short to long, increasing by half an hour every week. It is appropriate. Farmers should pay attention to the fact that when the light is increased to 16 hours a day, it should be kept in stable light, and then the daily light can not be long and short. The best way is to add light every morning and evening.

 

 

2. The intensity should be suitable: the farmers should pay attention to the light intensity of the lighting equipment. For normal laying hens, the required light intensity is generally 2.7 watts, but the multi-layer culture mode of the egg cage culture, so the bottom layer The flocks are not easy to feel the light, so it should be improved when setting the light intensity, generally 3.3 to 3.5 watts per square meter.

 

3. The illuminance should be uniform: the farmers should pay attention when installing the lighting equipment. We suggested that the bulbs installed in the chicken houses of the farmers should be 40 to 60 watts, and then the height of the lamps should be set at about 2 meters. The distance between the bulbs is recommended to be about 3 meters. In addition, the farmer should pay attention to the fact that if your house needs to install more than two rows of bulbs, you should cross them so that the light is even, the distance between the wall and the wall. Should be half of the bulb spacing, should also pay attention to replace the broken bulb at any time, wipe the bulb once a week to maintain the proper brightness in the house.

 

4. It is advisable to use red light: there are many kinds of light colors in the lighting equipment. Farmers should pay attention to the different light colors of the lighting equipment when they choose, and the wavelengths are different. Tests have shown that hens under red light have higher egg production rates than hens under other light conditions when other conditions are the same, so it is recommended that farmers choose red light equipment.

星期五, 06 9月 2019 09:15

How to solve the problem of broken eggs

Egg breakage has become a headache for many laying hen farms. Nowadays, farming equipment and chicken battery cages are use to raise chickens and collect eggs. According to statistics, the breakage rate of eggs in many laying chicken farms is above 2%. Especially in the early stage of the chicken and egg production, the performance is relatively serious, generally between 1-3%, and some chicken farms have a higher damage rate, even more than 6% in poultry farming cage equipment

 

Once the egg is damaged, its economic value will drop by more than 60%, severely lose its economic value, and it will pollute normal eggs due to the outflow of egg liquid, and even cause pathogen reproduction pollution. The economic loss caused by broken eggs can account for more than 0.5% of the farming income. According to statistics from relevant departments, the direct economic loss caused by eggshell damage to the laying hens industry is as high as 500 million yuan per year, which has become one of the main factors affecting the efficiency of laying hens.

 

 

 

Especially with the change of breeding mode, the feeding cycle is prolonged, the application of mechanical egg collection is promoted, and the eggshell quality problem has attracted much attention. One of the most important reasons why eggs are damaged is that they lack vitamin D3, specifically 25-hydroxyvitamin D3. Some people think that it is calcium and phosphorus deficiency, and the test proves that there is no calcium deficiency in the feed. The broken egg indicates that the chicken has problems, that is, it is not healthy enough. At this time, supplementing “25-hydroxycapsule” to improve the health of the chicken and strengthening the eggshell is a smart choice.

 

 


When the calcium and phosphorus in the feed are not balanced, supplementation with 25-hydroxyvitamin D3 can increase the absorption of calcium and phosphorus. In the hot summer, the phytase added to the feed is prone to failure due to high temperature, resulting in insufficient phosphorus and imbalance of calcium and phosphorus. In the case of calcium and phosphorus imbalance, the addition of 25-hydroxyvitamin D3 is more significant. High temperature in summer can easily cause heat stress in chickens. Heat stress can affect the quality of eggshells (the eggshells become thinner and brittle). The reason is that the blood calcium reduction of laying hens is also lower than the reduction of carbonic anhydrase and vitamin D activity in laying hens. The important reason. Supplementing 25-hydroxyvitamin D3 can increase the egg production rate, reduce the egg breaking rate, reduce the egg-to-egg ratio, especially increase the eggshell hardness and reduce the egg breaking rate.

 

 

In the breeding process, if there is a death of laying hens, it is undoubtedly the most sad and worrying for farmers. Therefore, in order to prevent this situation from occurring as little as possible, farmers should strengthen the daily management of the chicken cages.

Use layer battery cages to raise chickens. The layer cage has a modern system and lives in the home cage. Farmers can pay attention to the status of the chickens, and if they find sick chickens, they can take immediate treatment.

Farmers should formulate reasonable immunization procedures. Timely immunization is one of the most important ways to prevent chickens from getting sick. The time of vaccination should also be determined based on the health of the flock.

Use automated chicken farming equipment to manage the chicken house. Farmers can use the automatic manure removal system to clean the chicken manure out of the chicken house on time. This will create a clean living environment for the chickens and reduce their illnesses.

In short, the use of automatic poultry chicken farming systems can not only help reduce the mortality of chickens, but also create a good chicken house environment for chickens to promote healthy growth of chickens. The automated poultry farming subsystem mainly includes chicken cages, automated manure removal systems, automated drinking water systems, automated egg collection systems, automatic feeding systems, and automatic ventilation systems. They assist in cooperation, just to make it easier for farmers to raise chickens.

As the breeding industry using layer chicken cages in Ghana continues to expand, the scientific nature of breeding technology is becoming more and more important. The selection of chicken coop equipment, reasonable design of chicken coops, the control of chemical dosage, air circulation, and disease prevention are becoming more and more professional and scientific, which requires a group of high-tech breeders. So what aspects should be paid attention to in laying hen breeding?

1. suitable environment
Proper temperature, proper humidity, proper ventilation, proper stocking density, proper light

2. Sufficient drinking water
Ensure that the laying hens have proper drinking water, effectively ensuring the healthy growth of the laying hens.

3. Standard weight
Overweight or underweight will affect the laying rate of laying hens.

4. Reduce all kinds of stress
Suitable environmental factors are one of the key factors affecting the growth of laying hens.

5. Strengthen disinfection
Strengthen disinfection in the house and cleaning outside the house to ensure the cleanliness of the breeding environment and reduce the occurrence of diseases.

6. Immunization vaccine
Use vaccines correctly and reasonably to effectively control and reduce the derivation of poultry diseases.

 

The summer weather is hot, and the egg production rate will drop, especially after entering the sky, so the farmers need to do the following management to ensure the egg production rate of the laying hens in summer.

Feeding management points

1. Pay attention to the weather forecast, pay attention to the high temperature and high humidity weather, especially after the rain, the higher humidity will cause the wet curtain to cool down and increase the heat stress.

2. Reduce the density of chicken battery cage feeding. Appropriately reduce the number of replenishment, timely eliminate residual, weak, sick chicks, expand the group as early as possible, reduce the stocking density.
 
3. Adjust the feeding time. After 2-4 hours of feeding, the heat production increases, so high temperature weather avoids feeding during high temperature period, and feeding time avoids high temperature period, preferably before 8 am and after 5 pm. Pay attention to the mildew and deterioration of the feed to prevent poisoning or intestinal diseases, daily cleansing and limiting light once.

4. Strengthen night ventilation and cool down. Conducive to the chickens to dissipate the heat during the day, increase feed intake.

5. Adjust the waterline in time to ensure sufficient clean drinking water. In high temperature weather, the chickens need a large amount of water to ensure that the chickens have sufficient water, and the lower drinking water temperature can lower the body temperature.

6. Timely supplement electrolytes and vitamins. The flock has a large amount of respiration, and at the same time, it has a large amount of drinking water, which is easy to cause imbalance of the acid-base balance. At this time, the electrolyte should be replenished in time; at the same time, the compound vitamin is supplemented to improve the body's ability to resist heat stress.

7. Reduce the stocking density. Laying hens are particularly afraid of heat. In summer, people should reduce the stocking density of chickens in time according to the rising temperature. The density of flocks should be based on ambient temperature, humidity and the type of house. In the hot summer, reducing the stocking density can effectively reduce the small ambient temperature in the house, which is of great significance in production practice. When captive laying hens enter the summer, it is advisable to raise 5 per square meter; after entering the volts, it can be reduced to 4 per square meter.

The above points are the advantages of raising chickens in poultry battery cages described by the author. Generally, the breeding quantity is less than 1,000. It is best for farmers to use flat or free-range breeding. This breeding method is the most cost-effective and can quickly return to cost. If the breeding volume is more than 3,000 or more, then the author recommends the use of layer chicken cages, which is convenient and labor-saving.

 

Farmers are in the daily process of raising chickens. There are some broken eggs caused by careless management. Eggs are affected by the health of the chicken, and the hardness of the eggshell will also vary due to the health and quality of the chicken flock. Here are some methods for farmers to prevent egg breakage.

 

After laying hens begin to lay eggs, they increase with age. The surface of the egg will also increase. The strength of the eggshell is reduced. Therefore, the older the laying age, the higher the breakage rate. In laying hen cages, the higher the egg breakage rate of standing or squatting laying hens is lower. Laying hens lying prone or squatting have lower egg breakage rates.

 

Laying hens lack the light required to absorb calcium at night, and the eggshells formed are thinner. Therefore, the breakage rate of eggs laid in the afternoon is lower than that of eggs laid in the morning. The health of the chicken also affects the quality of the eggs. Many diseases have an impact on the quality of eggshells. Such as infectious bronchitis, etc. will make the egg structure abnormal, irregular shape, and increase the egg breakage rate.

 

 

Among the nutrition, calcium, phosphorus and vitamin D have a greater impact on the quality of eggshells. Under normal circumstances, the amount of calcium required in the diet of laying hens should be 2.7-3.75%. This is 3-4 times larger than the 0.9% calcium requirement of non-laying hens. The phosphorus requirement of the laying hen's diet should be 0.5%. Vitamin D can promote the absorption of calcium and phosphorus. Such as in the absence of vitamin D. Even if the laying hens are fed rich calcium and phosphorus, they will produce soft-shelled eggs.

 

Environmental changes and the temperature of the chicken house have a greater impact on the eggshell. The higher the shelf temperature, the more broken the eggs. In summer, the eggshells of eggs laid by chickens are usually about 5% thinner than eggs in other seasons. This is mainly because high temperature will reduce the feed intake of chickens, and the intake of calcium will be reduced accordingly. In addition, in a high-temperature environment, if the relative humidity is high, the heat dissipation of the chicken is not good, and the egg will be damaged even more.

 

Farmers can purchase automated chicken raising equipment. It contains an automatic egg collection system. The chicken coop has a slightly inclined angle. After the laying hen lays the egg. The eggs roll along the conveyor belt. This reduces the egg breakage rate.

星期五, 07 12月 2018 03:02

chicken house Construction Suggest

The construction of the chicken house is related to the breeding work of the chickens in the back. The scientific and reasonable chicken house can play a role in improving work efficiency and management convenience. Now I would like to
suggest the construction of the battery cage system for layer as follows:

layer chicken cage for ordinary window chicken houses

The chicken house has windows, which can use natural light and natural ventilation to save production costs. Generally, there is no mechanical ventilation device, and most of the brick and wood structure is used. The building form is
basically the same as that of common civil buildings, but it is often opened at both ends. Floor window and roof vent cap.
The construction cost of such a house is medium, and the environmental control efficiency is general. When the person controls the illumination, it is difficult to shorten the illumination time. Thorough disinfection is more difficult
and suitable for small-scale professional households.

星期二, 22 1月 2019 08:16

Is the chicken house disinfected way right?

We all know that if we want to raise chickens, this part of disinfection plays a decisive role in breeding. It is reasonable to reduce the incidence of disinfection, which greatly reduces the cost of breeding. If the disinfection is unreasonable, it will waste money and delay the disease. Increase the incidence of flocks and reduce our economic benefits. Today we will come together to see how disinfection is the most correct.

 

1. The general situation of the chicken battery cages is to disinfect twice a week, at least once a week, and more frequently in the summer.

 

2. Two or more disinfectant products must be used alternately in the farm.

 

3. It is very important to thoroughly clean the farm before disinfection. It is very important not to dust the house, the roof spider web layer is layered, the ground is not cleaned, and disinfection is started. The disinfection effect is very poor. It is the same as no disinfection. This is also a mistake that many farmers' friends tend to ignore and easy to make. Everyone must pay attention.

 

 

4. 3 days after the vaccination vaccine, do not disinfect the chicken farm, and do not disinfect the chicken farm equipment. Otherwise it will greatly reduce the effectiveness of the vaccine.

 

5. When disinfecting with disinfectant water, whether it is summer or winter, it is not possible to spray the disinfectant directly onto the chicken. Instead, it is sprayed on the top of the hall or above the chicken cage. It can fall naturally on the chicken body and cannot be sprayed directly onto the chicken. To prevent the chickens from catching a cold.

 

6. When disinfecting in winter, try to use the Chinese medicine disinfection to fumigation, which can effectively prevent the chickens from catching a cold.

 

7. When using disinfectant for disinfection, it should be disinfected strictly according to the ratio. Do not increase the proportion of disinfection at random, so that it will not increase the disinfection effect and increase toxicity.

 

In short, the disinfection of chicken farms is very rigorous. If we can properly disinfect, it will greatly reduce the incidence of chicken farms, reduce our farming costs, and thus improve our economic efficiency.